Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Pulmonary


Incidence of Tuberculosis in HIV Patients and Its Co-Relation to CD4 Count" - A Retrospective Study at Art Center in Tertiary Care Hospital

D.V. Vinay Kumar, P. Queeni Leena, N. Padma Priya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 2614-2619

Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis is a major communicable disease worldwide. Tuberculosis and HIV is a major health problem in many parts of world. The National Tuberculosis and Leprosy Program annual report indicates that about 7% of all TB notified cases had co-infection with HIV. The incidence of Tuberculosis HIV co-infection increasing gradually.
Materials and Methods: The study is a Retrospective study conducted on 200 HIV reactive patients at ART center in a tertiary care hospital GGH Ongole. Data was analyzed for incidence of tuberculosis in HIV infected patients with CD4 counts and their association between them.
Results: Out of 200 HIV infected, 40 were detected with tuberculosis, of them 32 were pulmonary TB and 8 were extra pulmonary TB. In present study 26 (65%) of patients with CD4 count < 200 cells/μ l developed Tuberculosis, 9 (22.5%) of patients with CD4 count 200-400 cells/μl and 5 (12.5%) of patients with CD4 count > 400 cells/μl shows less number of pulmonary and Extra pulmonary TB.
Conclusion: There is a strong association between Tuberculosis and HIV. Incidence of TB is more when CD4 count less than 200 cells/μl. So it is essential to screen HIV reactive patients for TB along with CD4 count to prevent complications and mortality. This study showed that incidence of Tuberculosis pulmonary and extra pulmonary in HIV infective patients is significantly higher with CD4 count < 200 cells/µl.

Morphological variations of the lungs: A study conducted on Indian cadavers

Dr. Manisha Kumari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 2039-2044

Introduction: Awareness of anatomical variations in lungs is essential during segmental or lobar resections of lungs. The knowledge of variations in the lobar and hilar anatomy of the lung presented in this study is clinically important while interpreting the radiological images and performing surgical procedures.
Methodology: We studied the variations of fissures, lobes and hilar structures in 65 right and 73 left isolated lungs from the dissection hall, Dept Of Anatomy in RVRS Medical College, Bhilwara.
Result: Horizontal fissure was absent in 3.07% and incomplete in 35.38% of right lungs. 4.61% of right lungs had 3 fissures and 4 lobes. 3.07% of right lungs had 3 arteries, 67.69% had 2 arteries, and 29.23% had only one artery in the hilum. 63.07% of right lungs had two veins in the hilum; 32.30% had 3 veins in the hilum; and 4.61% had more than 3 veins in the hilum. 98.46% of right lungs showed 2 bronchi in the hilum, and 1.53% of them showed 3 bronchi in the hilum. Two of the right lungs (3.07%) had an artery passing across the oblique fissure. 15.06% of left lungs showed incomplete oblique fissure and 2.73% showed 2 fissures and 3 lobes. 5.47% of left lungs showed 2 arteries and 94.52% had only one artery in the hilum. 80.82% of left lungs had two veins in the hilum and 19.17% had 3 veins in the hilum. 21.91% of left lungs had 2 bronchi and 78.08% had only one bronchus in the hilum.

Analysis of Prevalence of Coexisting Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Tuberculous Spondylitis Patients: An Institutional Based Study

Gaurav Sahu, Saurabh Sahu, Mayank Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 2352-2354

Background: The present study was conducted for evaluating the prevalence of Coexisting active pulmonary tuberculosis in tuberculous spondylitis patients.
Materials &Methods: A total of 50 known cases of tuberculous spondylitis were included in the present study. Complete demographic and clinical details of all the patients was obtained. Only those patients were involved among which histological or microbiologically confirmed diagnosis of TB spondylitis among surgically confirmed TB spondylitis was present. Complete past medical history of all the patients was reviewed. Analysis of spine CT scans and magnetic resonance (MR) images was done for each affected level and reviewed chest plain radiographs and CTs to evaluate lung involvement in TB. All the results were recorded and were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software.
Results:A total of 50 patient with mean age of 52.3 years were analysed. Overall incidence of co-exiting active pulmonary TB among tuberculous spondylitis patients was 36 percent.
Conclusion: Since higher chances of coexisting active pulmonary tuberculosis in TB spondylitis patient can be easily overlooked, there is a chance of the possibility of nosocomial infection of TB.

Description of the pulmonary capacity ofthe parking workers at PT. Fajar Graha Pena Makassar

Sitti Rakhmah Ahmad; SittiFRahmansyah .; Ernawaty .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 446-452

Pulmonary capacity is the maximum amount of air a person can expel from the pulmonary determined by the development of the respiratory system.. This study aims to describe the pulmonary capacity of the parking workers at PT FajarGraha Pena in Makassar. This descriptive study used an exploratory approach. Respondents were9 people obtained by a total sampling technique. Quantitative research method was applied in data collection. Data were acquired using questionnaires and spirometry. The results showed that three out of nine respondents experienced decreased pulmonary capacity. Pulmonary capacity was influenced by several variables including sex, sleeping pattern, smoking habit, exercise, and air pollution. Mostly, decreased pulmonary capacity was influenced by smoking habit and irregular sleeping pattern. In order to prevent decreased pulmonary capacity, parking workers is are suggested to change their living habits and the company management is recommended to revise the working hours policy.

Description of the pulmonary capacity ofthe parking workers at PT. Fajar Graha Pena Makassar.

Sitti Rakhmah Ahmad; SittiFRahmansyah .; Ernawaty .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 540-546

Pulmonary capacity is the maximum amount of air a person can expel from the pulmonary determined by the development of the respiratory system.. This study aims to describe the pulmonary capacity of the parking workers at PT FajarGraha Pena in Makassar. This descriptive study used an exploratory approach. Respondents were9 people obtained by a total sampling technique. Quantitative research method was applied in data collection. Data were acquired using questionnaires and spirometry. The results showed that three out of nine respondents experienced decreased pulmonary capacity. Pulmonary capacity was influenced by several variables including sex, sleeping pattern, smoking habit, exercise, and air pollution. Mostly, decreased pulmonary capacity was influenced by smoking habit and irregular sleeping pattern. In order to prevent decreased pulmonary capacity, parking workers is are suggested to change their living habits and the company management is recommended to revise the working hours policy.

Influence Of Concurrent Pathology On The Clinical Course Of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Nargiza Parpiyeva; Talgat Galiulin; Irina Liverko; Elnora Abduganieva; Abduvahid Sadikov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 3920-3923

A total of 2105 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were examined, of which 19.5% of patients were found to have concomitant pathology. It was found that in patients with concomitant pathologies, tuberculosis is severe, with severe symptoms of intoxication and respiratory manifestations. Isolation of MBT and the presence of drug resistance were higher in the group of patients with concomitant pathology. The presence of concomitant pathology adversely affects the clinical course of pulmonary tuberculosis.