Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : health promotion model


Determinants of healthy lifestyle among adolescent girls based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model

Novia Dwi Windasari; Eka Mishbahatul Marah Has; Retnayu Pradanie

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 734-740

Introduction: Adolescence is the second most critical period of physical growth in the life cycle after the first year. The increased prevalence of unhealthy lifestyles among adolescent girls has become a public concern, as they should maintain their health status for the health of their future children.
Aims: This study aims to analyze the determinants of healthy lifestyle among adolescent girls based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model.
Method: This was a descriptive-analytic study with cross-sectional approach. The population was adolescent girls (15-18 years old) at Senior High School, Gresik City, East Java. Samples were 210 respondents, taken by using simple random sampling technique. The independent variables were intrinsic motivation, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, and peers support. The dependent variable was healthy lifestyle behavior. Data were collected by using questionnaire, then analyzed using chi-square (x2) (α <0.05).
Result: Result showed significant correlation between intrinsic motivation (p=0.001; C=0.253), perceived benefits (p=0.001; C=0.246), perceived barriers (p=0.002; C=0.233), self-efficacy (p=0,000; C=0.436), and peers support (p=0,000; C=0.348) with adolescent girls’ healthy lifestyle.
Conclusion: Positive cognition on benefits, no barrier perceived, strong self-efficacy, and strong peer supports would increase adolescent girls’ healthy life.

Factors related to cadre perceptions and behavior in promoting family planning at community health centers based on the Health Promotion Model (HPM)

Risniawati .; Tiyas Kusumaningrum; Aria Aulia Nastiti

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 741-745

Introduction: The coverage of family planning in Indonesia has yet been evenly distributed. The government, the private sector, and the community, including health cadres, have an important role to succeed the family planning program. Through cadres, family planning promotion can reach a wider community.
Aims: This study aims to explain the relationship between cadre perceptions and their behavior in promoting family planning based on the Health Promotion Model (HPM).
Method: The research design used was correlational with a cross-sectional approach. Participants were 200 cadres from the community health centers obtained by cluster sampling techniques. Participants filled the perception questionnaires and the data was analyzed using Spearman's rho test (α=0.05).
Results: The analysis showed that there were correlations between perceived benefits (r = 0.490), perceived barriers (r = 0.148), perceived self-efficacy (r = 0.420), activity-related effects (r = 0.165), and situational influence (r = 0.481) with cadres’ behavior in promoting family planning at the community health centers (p<α<0.05).
Conclusions: Positive perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, perceived self-efficacy, activity-related effects, and high situational influence will increase the cadres’ good behavior in promoting family planning to the community. Cadres should enhance their knowledge and ability as well as foster their intention and enthusiasm to support family planning to the community.