Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Health behavior


Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy and Alcohol Expectancy: Changing Undergraduate Students’ Alcohol Drinking Behavior

Chakkrit Ponrachom; Karuntharat Boonchuaythanasit; Bradley J. Cardinal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2915-2921

Under-age drinking and the overconsumption of alcohol among undergraduate students results in unnecessary physical, emotional, and intellectual problems, as well as economic losses for individuals. This issue remains an enduring educational and public health challenge. To better understand what is known and what is not known on this subject, the purpose of this article is to review past literature as it pertains to individual causal factors. The review points to the importance of considering individual resiliency in the form of drinking refusal self-efficacy and alcohol expectancy. Innovative solutions aimed at addressing these constructs among undergraduate students, such as adaptive skill-building strategies that are social context specific, advance progress in solving this problem behavior.

The relationship between health behavior and occupational accidents to nurses in the emergency unit in an Indonesian Naval Hospital

Siti Saerah; Djazuly Chalidyanto

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 845-853

The preliminary survey showed the number of incidents at occupational accidents to nurses at Dr. MidiyatoSuratani Naval Hospital, Indonesia, was high at 82%, and nurses in the Emergency Unit experienced more incidents at 72.2%. This study analyzed the relationship between health behavior (knowledge, attitude, action) and incidents at work in the Emergency Unit of Dr. MidiyatoSuratani Naval Hospital. The method used was a descriptive-quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. The samples were nurses in the Emergency Unit of Dr. MidiyatoSurataniNaval Hospital. This study used a univariate analysis and bivariate analysis using the Chi-Square test. The results showed that incidents at work in the Emergency Unit of Dr. MidiyatoSurataniNaval Hospital were 72.8%. The nurses lacked knowledge (61.1%) and performed false action (66%) but hada good attitude (72.2%). The chi-square test found that there was a significant relationship between knowledge and occupational accidents, so is action and occupational accidentsin the Emergency Unit of Dr. MidiyatoSurataniNaval Hospital. There is no significant relationship between attitude and occupational accidentsin the Emergency Unit of Dr. MidiyatoSurataniNaval Hospital. To decrease risks of occupational accidentsoccurring to nurses, the hospital should design a policy for planning and implementing an occupational safety and health program.