Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : personal hygiene


PREVALENCE OF BACTERIAL PATHOGENS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL AMONG FOOD HANDLERS

Sivasankari. S; Senthamarai. S; Anitha. C; Akila. K; Sijimol .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 1025-1030
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.09.104

Background: One of the public health threats in India is intestinal infections. Transmission by fruit, water, nails and fingers of intestinal parasites and enter opathogenic bacteria happens either directly or indirectly. These diseases endanger hospitalised patients and patients with immune defects. In our hospital, the present research was conducted to investigate the incidence of entry opathogenic bacterial infection in food service institution areas among food handlers.
Materials and methods: This analysis was carried out by 62 food handlers working in different food facilities (male 28, female 34). Using sterile cotton tipped swabs; swabs from both hands (palm, swabs, underneath, finger nails) were obtained from each subject. A clean big mouthed tub of all 62 participants gathered freshly passed stool samples. After 24 hours, all the plates were inspected and marked with a test script according to normal protocol. Detection of methicillin resistant Staphylococus aureus was conducted according to CLSI guidelines using cefoxitin disc 30μg and ESBL detection.
Result: Among the 62 food handlers, males were 28 and females were 34 out of 62 samples, 47 (74.80%) samples had growth. Females 32 (51.61%) were found to be more infected and the age group between 18 – 30 yrs. Among 62 samples 15 had no growth, 39 had a single bacterial growth. Staphylococcus aureus 21 (33.87%) is the predominant isolate among gram positive organisms. E.coli 34 (54.83%) was the predominant isolate among gram negatives. No enteropathogenic bacteria like salmonella, shigella grown in culture. None of the Staphylococci isolates were MRSA positive,  and ESBL producing organisms like E.coli &klebsiella were positive  6 (17.6%)  & 2 ( 7.40%) respectively. All the food handlers positive for bacterial growth were appropriately treated and health education given.  Repeat swab culture from all the food handlers were done after 6 weeks and it showed negative.
Conclusion:  In order to control intestinal diseases, proper personal hygiene and productive means of educating all workers, stringent infection control policies and daily monitoring are very important.

Traditional Beliefs, A dark and Bloody Cage for Young Girls; An Ethnography Study

Suriah .; Ety Dusra; Fairus Prihatin Idris; Ahmad Yani; Hadi Khoshab

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2840-2853

The Pinamou traditional procession is a ritual performed on female adolescents over the transition to adulthood. They were exiled to Posune (small hut) to undergo the Pinamou ritual during menstruation. During this procession, there are various activities related to personal hygiene that can adversely affect the health of young girls. The present study elaborated and traced the beliefs adopted by the Nuaulu female adolescents displayed in their local customs using ethnographic designs. Sources of information were traced through the snowballing technique. The findings reveal that the belief adhered to by girls related to personal hygiene is a ban on bathing during seclusion in Posune. Their bodies are only covered with charcoal. Replace traditional pads made of cloth that are used repeatedly only 2-3 times a day. Defecation is done in the middle of the forest and should not be seen by the opposite sex. Violation of the provisions of the Pinamou traditional procession is believed to trigger disasters for individuals, families, and village communities.This finding has implications for the need for a cultural communication strategy to wisely shift traditional activities that negatively impact the health of young girls through customary stakeholders, community leaders, and the local government.

The Herpes Disease Terms Of Personal Hygiene Of Student Senior High School and How to Manage This Cusses

Muhammad Ali Sodik; Mayta Sari Dwianggimawati; Setyo Budi Susanto; Mika VerniciaHumairo; Ardi Bastian

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 969-975

Shingles disease roomates is because of infection of the virus of varicella zoster groaning husk and mucosa, this infection represent the reactivation of the virus that happened after the primary infection. Herpes Zoster assumed by circumstance as depicting reaction of the varicella virus (cow pox of water roomates latent, and mirror the immunity degradation). This research is targeted Know the relation of personal hygiene of high school student with the disease herpes In high school north coast of Subdistrict of Middle Biboki Anle'U Regency East North of Province of Nusa of East South-East.This research use the approach of cross sectional. accurate by population is a student of class X and XI of SMA to 105 people by using the method of random sampling Obtained by sample 51 responder. Independent variable is accurate by personal hygiene and accurate by the dependent variable is disease of herpes zoster. Its result is analysed by using test of contingentcoefficient. This reseach on May, 2015.Result of research indicate that most good personal hygiene owning 23 responders (45.1%) enough categorize the which 20 (39.2%) less roomates category 8 (15.7%) and spring from positive responders of herpes zoster as much 28 responder (54.9 %) Which are negative 23 (45.1%). From result analyze got by value p-value 0.000 <α (0.05). Hence H0 refused and H1 accepted meaning there is relation of among personal hygiene of high school student with the disease of herpes zoster in high school.Result of research indicate that most responder dry keep the caused Because of x'self Also haves and understand for the importance of personal hygiene to be student of high school do not experience of the disease of shingles hence student of high school ownself always keep dry.

ANALYSIS OF PERSONAL HYGIENE AND SANITATION FACILITIES FOR THE INCIDENCE OF SKIN DISEASE IN SCAVENGERS AT TPA KLOTOK, KEDIRI CITY

Amarin Yudhana; Ratri Setyamulyasari; Djuli Pontjowijono; Aprin Rusmawati; Kurniawan Edi Priyanto; Lingga Kusuma Wardani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 922-934

Garbage can cause several diseases, garbage piles can cause the emergence of several vectors such as mice and flies. Scavengers can be directly affected by garbage. Based on observations made from 10 scavengers, there are 7 who have skin diseases and there are still many scavengers who do not have good hygiene behavior and the lack of sanitation facilities can trigger several diseases, one of which is skin disease. Th purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of personal hygiene and sanitation facilities on the incidence of skin disease among scavengers at TPA Klotok, Kediri. The research design used was observational analysis, the research observing the subject with cross sectional approach with quantitative research methods. Implemented in TPA KlotokKediri City with 44 respondents and used Simple Random Sampling. Based on the statistical test results Of logistic regression, personal hygiene was obtained for the incidence of skin disease sig = 0.032 and sanitation facilities for the incidence of skin disease sig = 0.998. It can be concluded that the results of both have the significance value> 0.05 furthermore there is an effect of personal hygiene on the incidence of skin disease, meanwhile there is no effect of sanitation facilities on the incidence of skin disease in scavengers at TPA Klotok, Kediri City.One of the causes of skin disorders is poor work and personal hygiene. To maintain clean skin, healthy habits must be considered such as maintaining clean clothes, bathing regularly, bathing using clean water and soap. So it is concluded that it is very important for scavengers to maintain and care for the cleanliness ofthe skin, especially from exposure in the work environment.

Prevalence Of Knowledge And Importance Of Hand Washing And Its Technique Among School Children In A Semiurban Place In South India

Dr.Subramanian . V; Dr.Santosh Kumar K; Dr.Sruthi N. Anandhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3623-3630

Background: Developing countries have an increased burden of communicable diseases which are influenced by poor personal hygiene practices. Hand washing, especially with soap and water at all critical times has been accepted worldwide as an effective intervention to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. Despite the proven effectiveness, the practice of effective hand washing is found to be poor in developing countries. This study is aimed at assessing the knowledge and practice of hand washing among school students, who are at an increased risk of communicable diseases like diarrhoeal diseases, ARI’s and other hygiene related diseases
Methods Design and Setting: An institution-based cross sectional study was carried out among 440 students in a school in South India. A validated semi-structured questionnaire containing 36 questions was used to collect the required data after getting a consent.
Place of study: Schools around Saveetha medical college hospital, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Chennai.
Results:The study was conducted among 440 students among which 255 were boys and 186 were girls. Majority of children in the population have general know the importance of hand washing in day to day life as 88.18% (n= 388). The awareness about the substance that they use for washing their hands ,the time at which they washed their hands, the reason for hand washing , the awareness about infections prevented by hand washing, the awareness about hand washing technique and the steps involved, the availability of soap or sanitizer in the school were all studied and children showed good knowledge and practice about hand washing .
Conclusions: To conclude, the knowledge regarding hand washing is good, but the practice of hand washing and hand washing with soap and water after using the toilet is poor. This study suggests that awareness about practice of hand washing is needed in children.

Analysis Of Personal Hygiene And Sanitation Facilities For The Incidence Of Skin Disease In Scavengers At Tpa Klotok, Kediri City

Amarin Yudhana; Ratri Setyamulyasari; Djuli Pontjowijono; Aprin Rusmawati; Kurniawan Edi Priyanto; Lingga Kusuma Wardani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4612-4625

Garbage can cause several diseases, garbage piles can cause the emergence of several vectors such as mice and flies. Scavengers can be directly affected by garbage. Based on observations made from 10 scavengers, there are 7 who have skin diseases and there are still many scavengers who do not have good hygiene behavior and the lack of sanitation facilities can trigger several diseases, one of which is skin disease. Th purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of personal hygiene and sanitation facilities on the incidence of skin disease among scavengers at TPA Klotok, Kediri. The research design used was observational analysis, the research observing the subject with cross sectional approach with quantitative research methods. Implemented in TPA Klotok Kediri City with 44 respondents and used Simple Random Sampling. Based on the statistical test results Of logistic regression, personal hygiene was obtained for the incidence of skin disease sig = 0.032 and sanitation facilities for the incidence of skin disease sig = 0.998. It can be concluded that the results of both have the significance value> 0.05 furthermore there is an effect of personal hygiene on the incidence of skin disease, meanwhile there is no effect of sanitation facilities on the incidence of skin disease in scavengers at TPA Klotok, Kediri City. One of the causes of skin disorders is poor work and personal hygiene. To maintain clean skin, healthy habits must be considered such as maintaining clean clothes, bathing regularly, bathing using clean water and soap. So it is concluded that it is very important for scavengers to maintain and care for the cleanliness of the skin, especially from exposure in the work environment.

The Herpes Disease Terms Of Personal Hygiene Of Student Senior High School And How To Manage This Cusses

Muhammad Ali Sodik; Mayta Sari Dwianggimawati; Setyo Budi Susanto; Mika Vernicia Humairo; Ardi Bastian

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4662-4667

Shingles disease roomates is because of infection of the virus of varicella zoster groaning husk and mucosa, this infection represent the reactivation of the virus that happened after the primary infection. Herpes Zoster assumed by circumstance as depicting reaction of the varicella virus (cow pox of water roomates latent, and mirror the immunity degradation). This research is targeted Know the relation of personal hygiene of high school student with the disease herpes In high school north coast of Subdistrict of Middle Biboki Anle'U Regency East North of Province of Nusa of East South-East. This research use the approach of cross sectional. accurate by population is a student of class X and XI of SMA to 105 people by using the method of random sampling Obtained by sample 51 responder. Independent variable is accurate by personal hygiene and accurate by the dependent variable is disease of herpes zoster. Its result is analysed by using test of contingent coefficient. This reseach on May, 2015. Result of research indicate that most good personal hygiene owning 23 responders (45.1%) enough categorize the which 20 (39.2%) less roomates category 8 (15.7%) and spring from positive responders of herpes zoster as much 28 responder (54.9 %) Which are negative 23 (45.1%). From result analyze got by value p-value 0.000 <α (0.05). Hence H0 refused and H1 accepted meaning there is relation of among personal hygiene of high school student with the disease of herpes zoster in high school. Result of research indicate that most responder dry keep the caused Because of x'self Also haves and understand for the importance of personal hygiene to be student of high school do not experience of the disease of shingles hence student of high school ownself always keep dry.