Keywords : pregnant wister rats
The Effect Of Giving Dates Syrup Combination (Phoenix Dactylifera) And Bee Pollen On Hemoglobin Levels In Pregnant Wistar Rats (Rattus Novergicus)
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 182-189
Background: Anemia often results from iron deficiency in a pregnant woman as a result of a double iron needs resulting from a rise in blood volume, to meet a mother’s (prevent blood loss at birth) and fetal growth. Dates and bee pollen have the potential to increase hemoglobin because of its complex properties and compositions.
Objective of the study :This study aims to identify the effect of combination of dates and bee pollen syrup towards the hemoglobin level on the pregnant white wistar strain
Reseach method:This research used an experimental research design with randomized post test control group. It used simple random sampling technique by paying attention to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and obtain 28 pregnant white wistar strain rats. The samples were divided into 4 groups. The control group was given cmc solution intervention group was given dates syrup,bee pollen, and the combination of dates syrup and bee pollen,at a dose of 2ml/day for 20 days. Measurement of hemoglobin levels using a hematology analyzer.
Result: The results of this study analyzed using paired T test, Anova test with two factorial design and post Hoc LSD. This study shows that from the statistical test of hemoglobin levels, it obtained an average value in control group before 13.700±0.883 and after treatment 13.314±0.979 with a value (p=0,096,p>0.05), which means there is no difference after treatment while in the intervention group date syrup before treatment 12,500 ± 0.416 and after treatment 13,014 ± 0.644 with value (p = 0.179, p> 0.05) which means there is no difference after treatment. The bee pollen syrup group before treatment was 13.814 ± 0.823 and after treatment 14.014 ± 0.795 with value (p = 0.099, p> 0.05) which means there is no difference after treatment. whereas in the combination of date syrup and bee pollen groups before treatment was 12.971 ± 0.616 and after treatment 15.557± 0.378 with value (p=0.000, p<0.05) which means there is a difference after treatment.
Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that there is an effect of giving a combination of dates syrup and bee pollen. It is hoped that the next researcher can make a combination of dates syrup and bee pollen which is given to pregnant woman