Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Disability


Disability Studies And Literature: An Overview

Kinshuk Chakraborty

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3697-3702

Various types of impairments of human beings living in the modern world is one of the notable aspects when it comes to discerning certain traits which primarily guide and regulate the basic phenomenon of living in this world. There are numerous individuals on earth who suffer from or rather have been suffering from some specific hindrances so to say which not only sort of cripple them in their path to fulfilling their dreams and aspirations but also, at the same time act as serious detriments in their sound personal growth and development as well. Literature has always been the mirror of human beings and their accomplishments. There are many notable fictions which deal with the nuances of disability of individuals and also the associated studies. What it brings to light is that disability is quite normal in terms of some kind of abnormality of human beings but then, it is the various mechanism of the society which rather portrays the same in a quite negative light. This paper is an attempt in order to make a critical evaluative study of the ramifications of disability in the field of literature. In the very process, the paper also deals with the tenets of disability studies in general.

Analysis Of Factors Affected To Prosthetic Users Quality Of Life

Nur Rachmat; Mohammad Fanani; Darsono .; Suwarto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4644-4661

Abstract :Background: An amputee is a person with a disability who needs special attention because of the condition of the amputation they are experiencing so that it disrupts their quality of life. Amputee uses prosthesis for daily activities. Quality of life is influenced by many factors, by knowing factors affected to prosthetic users quality of life. Purpose: This study aims to conduct an Analysis of factors affected to prosthetic users quality of life in Indonesia. Methods: This is Quantitative research, using observational analytic. It is a cross-sectional design. Transfemoral Prosthetic user in Kuspito Clinic is the population. The sampling technique used is a simple random sampling. There were 110 samples. Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS software is used for analysis. The instrument of this research is the questioner. Result: The Questioners are valid and Reliable. The Model purposed is fit. The SEM result shows that motivation, optimism, religiosity, self-efficacy, social support have direct and indirect effect in quality of life. Subjective well-being is the mediator of factors affecting quality of life of prosthetic users. Conclusion: The study showed that motivation, optimism, religiosity, self-efficacy, social support, are the factors affected to prosthetic users quality of life. It is mediated by subjective well-being.

OCCUPATIONAL MORBIDITY OF WORKERS ENGAGED IN MINING OF DIFFERENT GRADES OF COAL

Adilov Utkir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2722-2737

This work aimed to analyze professional morbidity in the coal industry of Uzbekistan.
The method of data copying from outpatient cards of professional patients and its statistical
processing was used for analysis. The professional morbidity rate in the coal industry was 108
cases per 10 thousand workers and 6.8 times higher than in other industries. At surface coal
mining in the open pit, as compared to underground mining in a coal mine, the number of
cases of first detected occupational diseases was, on average, 2.6 times lower. Thus, the
vibratory disease was most frequently met among workers of open-cast mining in comparison
with underground mining 1.4 times, and professional bronchitis, bronchial asthma and
pneumoconiosis - among workers of underground mining in comparison with open-cast
mining in 2.3 times.Vibration disease is diagnosed among workers of underground mines at
the work experience of 16 years, while among workers engaged in open-cast coal mining - 21
years and more. The analysis of results of medical and labor examination with professional
diseases of coal industry workers showed that among 48.3 ‰ of workers, there were 30.4 ‰
disabilities of Group III and 17.8 ‰ disabilities of Group II. These indicators had differences
depending on the brand of coal mined, so in the mining of brown coal (SiO2-10%), the
disability of professional genesis amounted to Group II 7.5 ‰ and Group III 31.3 ‰, while in
the mining of coal (SiO2-4%) 4.4 times more established Group II disability (73.3 ‰
workers) than Group III - (16.7 ‰). Conclusion: Coal dust of hard and lignite differ in
chemical and physical properties and degree of dispersion, which affects the level of
occupational morbidity and disability of workers.

Disability And Severity Of Playing Related Soft Tissue Injuries Among Professional Guitar Players: A Cross Sectional Survey

Shahanawaz SD; Tolgahan Acar; Vamsi Krishna Gannamaneni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4767-4771

Background of study: Soft tissue injuries include pain, weakness, numbness, and tingling sensations involving the muscles, ligaments and tendons. The etiological factors of these injuries can be professional, personal, environmental, and psychosocial. These disorders in musicians are designated as playing related soft tissue injuries. Aim of Study: To investigate the disability and severity of playing related soft tissue injuries among professional guitar players. Methodology The cross sectional survey was conducted from February 2017 to June 2018 after taking ethical approval from institutional ethical committee. The participants fulfilling the inclusion criteria were recruited through convenient sampling technique and informed consent was taken. A structured anonymous questionnaire and validated scales like Disability Arm Shoulder and Hand Scale (DASH), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used for data collection. The results was assessed by using IBM SPSS Version 20.0. Results: In this study 98 participants were included constituting 50 (51 %) females and 48 (49 %) males. The highest prevalence site of pain was wrist 57% followed by back 26 %, shoulder 22 % and elbow 21 % while least pain was reported in neck 7 %. Likewise, When Compared with DASH score was more than to ODI and NDI score was lower with significant difference assessed at 95% confidence interval (p < 0.05) Conclusion: This study concludes severity of soft tissue injuries are more prone in guitar players. The common sites was in wrist, shoulder, back. Proper technique, postural education, warm up and cool down will benefit in reducing the risk of injuries.

Case Report: A Stable dicentric chromosome, tdic (2: 21), in an Intellectually Disabled Female

Neelam Thakur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4455-4458

In human beings, dicentric chromosomes are occasionally encountered as stable
chromosomal constitution except Robertsonian translocations that occur in an
insignificant portion of the population. In present investigation, an 18 years female born to
younger parents, who was naturally delivered but was under wt. after birth and had 42, XX,
tdic (2; 21) chromosomal constitution is described. It is suggested that the stability of
dicentric chromosome has been attributed to inactivation of chromosome no. 2 centromere.
Stanford-Binet test was performed to ascertain the degree of intellectual disability and was
found to be severe (IQ: 20-25 to 35-40). A reciprocal translocation which leads to dicentric
chromosome formed from a chromosome 2 and a 21chromosome has not apparently been
reported in individuals with intellectual disabilities.

IMPROVING THE TACTICS OF TREATING CHILDREN WITH SEVERE CEREBRAL PALSY

Zilola Mavlyanova; Gulnoza Burkhanova; Maftuna Ravshanova; Sardor Makhmudov; Sanzhar Kholboyev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1623-1631

This article discusses severe forms of cerebral palsy in children of different ages
and the development of anemia in these children, and iron supplements are needed to treat
such children (III). The lack of data on this disease and the effect of ferric iron
preparations on the course and prognosis of infantile cerebral palsy served as the
relevance of the study.
The aim of the study. To evaluate the effectiveness of the use of ferric iron (Emfer)
preparations on the course and prognosis of infantile cerebral palsy.
Materials and research methods. To achieve this goal, the results of treatment of 67 sick
children with severe cerebral palsy were analyzed. Children age from 2 to 17 years old. All
patients were ranked by age groups in accordance with the age classification with the
GMFCS scale: up to 2 years old - 9 children (13.43%), 2-3 years old - 11 children (16.4%),
4-6 years old - 18 children (26.8%), 7-12 years old - 15 children (22.38%), 13-17 years old -
14 children (20.9%). The study group was divided into 3 subgroups of motor deficit
according to the GMFCS scale: level 3 - 16 children (23.88%), level 4 - 20 children
(29.85%), level 5 - 31 children (46.27%). All patients were divided into 2 groups - the main
group - 38 children (56.71%, age - 11.04 ± 6.3 years), for whom anemia was corrected
using the Emfer preparation based on ferric iron, and the comparison group - 29 children
(43.29%, age - 12.06 ± 5.1 years), who were treated without iron supplements.

SUPPORTING THE DISABLED: THE LEADING ROLE OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN INDIA

RA. Rasi; KM Ashifa

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3170-3176

The care and protection of people with disabilities are handled by various governmental
and non-governmental organizations. In this paper, the authors have illustrated some of
the innovative practices and programmes that would be beneficial for the disabled
categories. Though the paper is a conceptual one, the content such as the various
practices and programmes have clearly on empirical aspects. The community assessment,
communitybased rehabilitation, self-employment and microfinance, vocatidional
rehabilitation and training, assistive devices with technologies etc are discussed in this paper. It
is evident that various non-governmental organizations have effectively contributed for the care
and protection of the disabled people. The paper focused on the present situation of disabled
people in India, especially the state of Kerala. The implication and discussion part has
extensively discussed the various practices and programmes run by the non-governmental
organization.

THE STUDY OF DISABILITY OF CHILDREN BY CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES (according facts of Yakkasaray region, Tashkent city)

Salomat Sobirova; Orzigul Yusupova; Bahtiyor Duschanov; Dilnoza Ermetova; Sevara Ibadullaeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2585-2587

Statistic facts оf Rеpublican invalids sеntrе and mеdical rеpоrt оf Yakkasaray
rеgiоn, Tashkеnt sity wеrе studiеd. Invalidity in childrеn up tо 14 yеars, is cоmpоsеd 46
(55,4%) оf bоys, 37 (44,6%) оf girls. Invalid childrеn up tо 3 yеars оld arеfоrmеd 11, 7
(64%) оf thеm arе bоys, 4 (36%) arе girls.

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTED TO PROSTHETIC USERS QUALITY OF LIFE

Nur Rachmat; Mohammad Fanani; Darsono .; Suwarto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 951-968

Background:An amputee is a person with a disability who needs special attention because of the condition of the amputation they are experiencing so that it disrupts their quality of life. Amputee uses prosthesis for daily activities. Quality of life is influenced by many factors, by knowing factors affected to prosthetic users quality of life. Purpose:This study aims to conduct an Analysis of factors affected to prosthetic users quality of life in Indonesia. Methods:This is Quantitative research, using observational analytic. It is a cross-sectional design. Transfemoral Prosthetic user in Kuspito Clinic is the population. The sampling technique used is a simple random sampling. There were 110 samples. Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS software is used for analysis. The instrument of this research is the questioner. Result: The Questioners are valid and Reliable. The Model purposed is fit. The SEM result shows that motivation, optimism, religiosity, self-efficacy, social supporthave direct and indirect effect in quality of life. Subjective well-being is the mediator of factors affecting quality of life of prosthetic users.Conclusion:The study showed that motivation, optimism, religiosity, self-efficacy, social support, are the factors affected to prosthetic users quality of life. It is mediated by subjective well-being.