Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Stunting


DETERMINANT OF STUNTING AMONG UNDER FIVE CHILDREN AT PUSKESMAS (PUBLICHEALTH CENTER) PONTIANAK CITY

Indah Budiastutik; Pitriyani .; Martha Irene Kartasurya; Suriadi .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 2089-2097

Objective :This study aimsto analyzetherelationshipbetween macro and micro nutrientsintakeandbreastfeedingduration on stuntingas well asnon-stunting toddlers. Method: Thestudywasconductedusingthequantitativedescriptivemethodwithacase controldesign. Sixty-eight(68)infant were selected after 224 candidates were screened.Stuntingwas measuredonz-score WHZandanalyzedwithWHO Anthro2005 while nutrientintakewasmeasuredbyRecallform1x24 hours,breastfeeding reports were obtained fromquestionnaire. Furthermore, bodyheight(WHZ)wasmeasuredusing microtoise whileBivariateanalysis was carried out usingChisquaretest.Results: The results showedthat thereisa relationshipbetweenstunting and
energywithp=0.000<α=0.05CI9.905(0.630- 37.911),proteinP=0.000<α=0.05CI9.905(0.630-37.911, andvitaminA,p=0.000 <α=0.05CI3.125(1,724-5,664). In addition, there wasalso acorrelationwithcalciump=0.000<α=0.05 CI6.008(2.045- 17.650),zinc=0.000<α=0.05CI8.727 (2,287- 33,303),andexclusivebreastfeedingp=0.000<α=0.05CI9.905 (0.630-37.911). Conclusion:Based on theresults(pvalue 0.000),there isa significant correlation between energy, protein, vit A, Ca, as well as zincintake and stuntingin underfivechildren.

Intervention Strategy to Increase Growth and Development for Stunted Children Under Two Years with Developmental Delay

Hadi Ashar; Ina Kusrini; danLeny latifah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 280-292

Background: The government has made efforts to improve children's growth and development through programs in primary health care, but the reduction in stunting and child development delay has not been as expected. Implementation of these programs needs support from all stakeholders, including health cadres and also the family as the main caregiver of a child. Objective: analyzed the effect of family assistance on the growth and development of the under two years old children. Method: this was a quasi-experimental study with a pre-post control group design. Subjects were 63 stunted under two years old children with developmental delay. The intervention group of 32 children was assisted by trained health cadres, namely the Kader PendampingKeluargaKawalBaduta[KP-KKB] for 4 months, while 31 control group children were not accompanied. Results: The implementation of the KP-KKB strategy model shows: mean different changes in subjects and control of nutritional status HAZ-score of 0.09 [Wilcoxon]; WHZ-Score of 0.2; and WAZ-Score of 0.21 [Paired t-test] in the intervention group. Changes in the mean status of motor development are 3.6; and social personal 0.88 [paired t-test] in the intervention group. The results of the paired statistical test of changes in nutritional status and the initial and final development of each group showed significant changes with a value of p <0.05. Conclusion: the KP-KKB intervention strategy model showed changes in nutritional status and improved development compared to the control group.

The Influence Of Lemuru Nugget Giving Against Protein, Calcium, Zinc And Z-Score HG / U Intake Of Class 1 Elementary School Children Stunting In The Work Area Of Pantai Labu Health Center, Deli Serdang Regency

Oslida Martony; Dini Lestrina; Novriani Tarigan; Ginta Siahaan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4569-4581

Failure of Height Growth (HG) results in human resources being unable to compete in the era of globalization, affecting work productivity, increasing the risk of obesity and triggering the metabolic syndrome. The incidence of stunting in school children is quite high, including North Sumatra with a prevalence of 42.3%. During the growth period of very high bone mineralization, low intake of protein, calcium and zinc influences linear growth. Growth failure is caused by inadequate intake of one or more nutrients. Aged 5-12 years is an opportunity to catch up and improve height. Objective: To determine the effect of lemuru fish nuggets on protein, calcium, zinc and Z-Score HG / U intake for grade 1 elementary school children who are stunted. Research Methods: the study was conducted in April-June 2018, quasi-experimental with a pre and post-test design, a sample of 31 people treated and 36 controls. The treatment group was given lemuru fish nuggets for 30 days for 75 gr—data collection using 2x24 hour Food Recall method, five-day food recording and HG measurement. The data collected was processed using T dependent test data analysis with α = 0.05. Results: There were significant differences in the average values of protein, calcium and zinc intake before and after administration of lemuru fish nuggets, these differences in intake affected the average Z-Score HG / U values, the treatment group was higher than the control. Suggestion: to the sample mother to continue giving food made from fish containing high protein, calcium and zinc in the daily menu, so that the lagging of HG growth can be pursued.