Keywords : Surveys and Questionnaire
Coronavirus Disease (COVID)-19 in Tamil Nadu: Psychological impact and the associated factors concerned with the pandemic among the general population
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 1106-1118
Background: Fear of the pandemic and the impact of lockdown makes the people emotionally vulnerable during this crisis. This study was aimed to investigate the psychological impact and the associated factors concerned with the pandemic among general population in Tamil Nadu, India. Methodology: A structured questionnaire was used to assess the demographic details, physical status, history of contact with COVID-19, awareness, concerns and practice of prevention about COVID-19 and need for additional health information. Psychological Impact was assessed using Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Result: 985 individuals participated in the study and their mean IES-R score was 22.79. Age was found to be negatively associated (B=-0.062; CI = - 3.10-0.003) with mean IES-R scores, females (mean IES-R score= 23.84) were associated significantly (B = 2.412; CI = 0.520-4.305) with higher scores when compared with males. Participants who rated their current health status as ‘very poor’ were negatively associated (B =-5.277; CI = -6.786 – - 3.767) with other participants. 50.1% were aware about the transmission of COVID-19. Dissatisfaction about health information available among the participant showed higher IES-R scores (mean IES-R score = 30.8). Linear regression analysis showed a significant relationship (B = 2.766; CI = 1.903- 3.630) between mean IES-R score and participants opinion about their likelihood of surviving if infected with COVID-19. 57.1% are worried about their family member getting COVID-19. Conclusion: Considering COVID-19 pandemic, health care policymakers should plan and implement strategies for psychological support, both for COVID positive patients as well as the general public.