Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : distraction

“McGurk Effect” in Pediatric Dental Practice - A review

Umamaheswari N. MDS; Saranyan. MDS; Jeyshree Mohan. MDS; Raj Mohan. MDS,Ph.D; Sharath Asokan. MDS, Ph.D; Thanga Kumaran. S MDS.Ph.D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 1119-1128

Background: In Pediatric Dentistry, Fear and anxiety associated with dental treatment are a well recognized factor which has a negative impact on the child’s willingness towards dental treatment. The role of a dentist in managing a child is to treat the problem with which the child report with anxiety and to modify and shape the behavior of a child towards a positive dental response.
Aim: This review article aims to discuss the development of dental anxiety, various coping strategies and whether the newer psychological approach of McGurk Effect in Attention Focused Coping Strategy can be acceptable at the reduction of dental anxiety in children in near future.
Methods: An electronic search was performed using databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, Science Direct, and Scopus by using keywords such as (“McGurk Effect”) AND(“Coping Strategy” OR “Coping Style” OR “Distraction”) AND (“Fear” OR “Anxiety”) AND (“Behavior” OR “Behavior management”) AND/OR (“Pediatric Dentistry” OR “dentistry”). The last search was performed in March 2020. Exclusion criteria included studies published in a language other than English and abstracts from congress.
Results: The McGurk Effect based Attention focused coping style with incongruent audiovisual stimuli can be an innovative behavioral technique in pediatric dentistry in reducing the child’s anxiety regarding dental drill.
Conclusion: It seems that the highly structured McGurk Effect based Attention focused coping style can be effective in managing the internal perceptions and emotions (e.g., anxiety, fear) that are aroused during the dental restorative procedure and can guide favorably the child’s behavior in the dental setting However, more evidence is required regarding the clinical outcome of applying this new coping strategy in behavioral pedodontics in near future

Role of distraction osteogenesis in the cranio- maxillofacial deformities: A Review literature

Dr. Vijay aravind. R; Dr. Vijay ebenezer; Dr. Balakrishnan Ramalingam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1900-1907

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has become a well known useful procedure now-a-days in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, as we know initially this technique was used in the limbs, that is in the long bones but slowly thanks to its success in that area it potentiated the use of this procedure in the mandible, then gradually into the maxilla and now it has become a widely used procedure in the cranio- maxillofacial deformities. This review aims to provide an insight into the role of distraction osteogenesis in the cranio- maxillofacial deformities.
The patients with cranio- maxillofacial deformities has more functional problems, poor aesthetics, muscular imbalance, improper oral hygiene, and sequelae of problems will follow it. So, distraction osteogenesis has become boon for those patients with such deformities. Distraction osteogenesis procedure has clinically showed that it is a versatile technique that it can performed with orthognathic surgery with proper planning and also supports the surgical treatment of tmj ankylosis by relaxing the airway obstruction caused by it. The worthiness of this procedure increases day by day in modern surgery and is definitely a key in oral and maxillofacial surgery.