Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : diet

Correlation analysis of serum calcium level with the blood pressure among patients with essential hypertension in rural population of Himachal Pradesh

Vijay Kumar, Jagjit Singh Bahia, Sharad Lodhi, Sameer Singh Faujdar, Harharpreet Kaur, Sahil Chhabra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1475-1481

Introduction: A high blood pressure that doesn't have a known secondary cause is called as essential hypertension, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Calcium supplementation known to reduce the blood pressure in normal healthy individuals.
Objective: The present study aims towards analysing the correlation between serum calcium level with the blood pressure among patients with essential hypertension.
Methods: 30 cases of essential hypertension patients as cases and 30 suitable healthy age sex matched individuals with normal blood pressure as controls, as per JNC-8 guidelines were recruited in study. Serum calcium level and blood pressure was analysed in all patients.
Results: Systolic Blood Pressure in control group was 111.1 ± 7.570 and in cases was 158.1 ± 9.066. Diastolic Blood Pressure in control group was 72.80±6.183 and in cases was 92.33±6.456. Serum calcium in control group was 9.207 ± 0.7249 and in cases was 8.130 ± 0.4843.
Conclusion: Patients with lower calcium level tends to have raised blood pressure and vice versa. Thus, routine dietary restriction salt in hypertensive individuals can help in better management of hypertension.


Nina Sumarni; Citra WindaniMambang Sari; Dadang Purnama

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 99-106

Family support plays an essential role in understanding lifestyle changes associated with chronic illness, changes needed to help sick members. Family support for patients with hypertension can improve health, and intensive support can reduce pain and help carry out a more disciplined diet program to be maximized. Low adherence to treatment makes it difficult to control his blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family support and commitment in implementing a diet program for elderly Hypertension in Muarasanding Village, Garut Regency.The type of correlative descriptive study that describes the relationship of family support with hypertension diet compliance. This study's population is hypertension sufferers in the Muara Sanding village located in the SiliwangiGarut Health Center working area. The sample is a total sampling of 51 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire. The validity test uses the product-moment correlation technique; the reliability test in GarutJayaraga Village is 20 elderly. Data analysis uses chi-square.The results of this study received as much support as 57% with a level of adherence to carrying out a diet of 55%, and categories that lacked family support 43% and who did not carry out dietary compliance 45%. Results of analysis Sig = 0.42 (a <0.05) means that HO is rejected and accepts H1. There is a relationship between family support and adherence in implementing a diet in the elderly with hypertension. The analysis also found a significant correlation value, with an equivalent odds ratio of 3,889, meaning families who support have the possibility of 3,889 times to comply with the hypertension diet program. Conclusion: There is a relationship between family support with adherence to implementing the diet.

Dietary Habits And Periodontal Health In Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study

Arwa Abdullah Alsyefi; Dr. Mohammed Alasqah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1258-1270

Aim: The purpose of our research was to highlight the importance of diet as well as
associated dietary habits in people; with the changes in oral environment leading to
alterations in the periodontal health of an individual.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 enrolled subjects who
underwent periodontal examination and treatment. A questionnaire was given to them,
which was related to self-reported medical history, medication, physical activity and dietary
habits and usual intake. Periodontist assessed the periodontal status of the participants and
a clinical dietician analysed their dietary habits. Subjects were the periodontally examined
and diagnosed according to the stage and grade of the periodontal disease. The collected
data recorded through questionnaire and periodontal examination was analysed
Results: 81.8% participants did not have any apparent illnesses. 14.5 % of the participants
were taking medications for their diseases. Maximum study participants took sweet snacks
daily (60.9%) as well as caffeinated beverages daily (86.3%). They also took fried foods
(35.4%) as well as chips and junk food (34.5%) twice a week. The average Body Mass
Index of the study participants was 35.8kg/m2. 80% of the subjects had been diagnosed
with chronic periodontitis. 22.7% of participants had stage 1 periodontitis whereas 27.2%
of the subjects had stage 3 periodontitis.
Conclusion: It is imperative to reduce the consumption as well frequency of sticky and
refined sugars in the diet, so as to limit the damage to the oral tissue especially the
periodontium. Good oral hygiene also helps to maintain this homeostasis inside the oral

Awareness On The Diet Plan In Covid- 19 Among College Students - A Survey

Helen Reshma; K, Vishnu Priya; V, Gayathri. R; Kavitha. S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2720-2738

ABSTRACTCoronavirus disease ( COVID-19 ) is caused by SARS-CoV2 and is a great global public health concern. The zoonotic origin of COVID-19 is likely to be the wet animal market in Wuhan city, China. The transmission of COVID-19 can be from person-to-person and this leads to the isolation of patients. Extensive measures were taken to reduce person-to-person transmission of COVID-19 and to control the current outbreak. So it is necessary and important to know the dietary patterns which play an important role in the prevention of COVID-19. This study involves college students in the age group of 12-40 years. A well structured questionnaire was prepared comprising 15 questions covering socio-demographic information, knowledge , attitude, perceptions was framed and administered to the participants through an online google forms link. A total of 116 responses were collected out of which 42.6% were male and 57.4% were female. 80% of the total population were aware that diet patterns play an important role in COVID-19. Pearson Chi square value= 0.61, p=0.89 ( p>0.05 indicating statistically not significant. 73% of the total population were aware that an increase in immunity of our body prevents COVID-19. Pearson Chi square value=5.88, p=0.11 ( p>0.05 indicating statistically not significant). It may be concluded that most of the students are aware of the diet pattern in COVID-19. Awareness may be created to have an intake of balanced diet during the pandemic period.