Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Protein content


Different Fertilizer Dose And Bio-Fertilizer Inoculation‟s Effect On N, P And K Content And Uptake Of Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.)

SALCHAME A. SANGMA; NITIN M. CHANGADE

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 2340-2348

A field experiment was carried out to study the effect of different fertilizer doses and bio-fertilizer inoculation on nutrient content and uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Complete Randomized Block Design with 3 replications and 7 treatments was used for the study and the experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2017-2018 in the experimental farm of Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab. Application of 100 % RDF (T1) and 75% RDF + PSB as soil application + Rhizobium as seed treatment (T2) showed remarkable results on seed and stover yield; nutrient content and uptake by seed and stover; and protein content of the seed. Significantly higher seed yield (1348.75 kg ha-1) and stover yield (2370.37 kg ha-1) of chickpea was observed on application of 75% RDF + PSB as soil application + Rhizobium as seed treatment (T2) and 100% RDF (T1) respectively. Higher nutrient content in seed and stover, higher nutrient uptake by stover and higher protein content in seed was recorded with the application of 100% RDF which remained at par with T2. Interestingly, higher nutrient uptake by chickpea seed was revealed with the application of 75% RDF + PSB as soil application + Rhizobium as seed treatment and it remained at par with T1.

Evaluation of Grain Quality Indicators In Old Varieties of Spring Soft Wheat

RUZIEV FARID ASHUROVICH; JABBAROV IBROHIM SHODMONOVICH

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1577-1586

In the conditions of the steppe zone of the Samarkand region, 5 local ancient varieties of spring soft wheat of various geographical origin were studied. The aim of the research is to evaluate the grain quality indicators of ancient wheat varieties in various meteorological conditions and to identify sources of protein and gluten content for use in practical breeding.
The negative effect of abundant moisture (26%) during the filling period and high air temperature (26%) in the phase of grain ripeness on the quantity and quality of gluten was found. It is shown that the studied ancient varieties in typical meteorological conditions of the steppe zone of the Samarkand region stably form first-class grain: the maximum protein content in the grain is 13.1-14.5%, raw gluten-33.2-35.4%, the number of drops-319-340 s, nature-758-779 g/l. At the same time, the potential of rheological properties of the dough in varieties exceeds the norms for strong wheat: dough liquefaction-39 u. f., valor metric assessment-60-72 u. V. calorimeters.
The volume of bread-678-773 ml with a total score of 3.0-4.8 points. Studies have shown that the meteorological conditions of the year cause a high phenotypic variability of the rheological properties of the dough (CV=51.4-64.3 %), the average variability of signs: the number of falls (CV=12.2-14.0%), the mass fraction of protein (CV=9.1-12.2 %, the overall score of bread (CV=8.1-11.3 %). On the basis of the conducted research, the source varieties for indicators of technological properties of grain for use in practical breeding programs are identified.