Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : urban

A comparative study of pre-sleep activities affecting the sleep of rural and urban adolescents in Tumkur district

Dr. Vidya MP, Dr. Karthik S, Dr. Ruchi Dhar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 377-381

Background: Sleep affects mental, emotional and physical wellbeing of an adolescent. On an average for adequate development an adolescent should sleep for at-least 8 to 10 hours per day.
Objectives: To study the pre-sleep activities affecting the sleep of rural and urban adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based school survey was designed with a sample size of 992 for the adolescents aged between 10 to 16 years of age. Children with illnesses that affected their sleep were excluded from the study. A pre-designed questionnaire was distributed to each of them. Later the data was tabulated in Microsoft excel and statistical analysis was done using software SPSS 22.0.
Result: On comparing various factors that affect sleep, it was found that 27.62% of the subjects consumed beverages like tea and coffee before sleep, 42.64% used mobile phones before sleep, 58.06% watch television late at night, 41.73% consume dinner late in the night i.e., after 10 pm and 28.53% have sleep disturbance due to exam stress and fear. The use of mobile phones before sleep and late-night dinners was more among the adolescents residing in the urban areas compared to those in the rural areas which was statistically significant (p<0.0001).
Conclusion: Pre sleep activities have a major impact on the quality of sleep, hence addressing them is essential.

Comparative Study of Carrying Angle Between Rural and Urban areas of Rajasthani population

Vaibhav Saini, Vimal Modi, Pawan k. mahato

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 568-572

The elbow joint is formed between the humerus in the upper arm and the radius and ulna in the
forearm and allows the hand to be moved towards and away from the body. When the arm is
extended forward, the humerus and forearm are not perfectly aligned a deviation occurs laterally
towards the long axis of the arm, which is referred as the “carrying angle”. The present study
includes 200 (100 rural and 100 urban) healthy peoples of rural and urban areas of Rajasthan
region of age group 18-40 years were selected. Carrying angle was measured by manual
goniometer made of flexible clear plastic having both the fixed and movable arms. From the
study it was found that mean carrying angle was 12.40º±2.23º in males and 12.95º±2.58º in
females of rural areas. The mean Carrying angle was found to be 10.15º±1.66º in males and
10.40º±1.81º in females in urban areas. Mean Carrying angle of male & female were found to be
greater in rural areas than in urban areas and differences were statistically highly significant
(p<0.01). The data obtained in our study may be useful in anthropological research, forensics,
genetic research, as well as in medical clinical practice.


Dr. Ajitha Reddy Edula,Dr. GJ Archana,Dr. Patruni Manoj

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1961-1965

Introduction: Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has rapidly spread in all regions of WHO in recent years. Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti. These mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses. Dengue causes a wide spectrum of disease. This can range from subclinical disease (people may not know they are even infected) to severe flu-like symptoms in those infected. Although less common, some people develop severe dengue, which can be any number of complications associated with severe bleeding, organ impairment or plasma leakage. Aims and objectives of this study are to know the prevalence of acute dengue viral infection in cases presenting with clinical features suggestive of Dengue through seroanalysis at Kamineni Hospital, Narketpally, Telangana.
Materials & Methods: This study is a hospital based cross-sectional study conducted in the year 2018-2019 in the Department of Microbiology,Kamineni Hospital, Narketpally, Telangana state from August 2018 to March 2019. A total of 120 blood samples collected from patients admitted in Kamineni Hospital with clinical features suggestive of Dengue fever. The serum samples were tested for IgM antibodies for dengue virus by dengue IgM capture ELISA. All the patients’ serum samples were tested for dengue IgM antibodies by IgM capture ELISA. This test is a solid phase immunoassay, based on an immunocapture principle.
Data analysis: The data was spread over excel sheet and the results were expressed as percentages and represented with tables wherever required.
Results: 72 were males and 48 were females, most of the cases were of the 10-20 age group. Most of the cases reported were from the young age groups.52 samples were positive for IgM antibodies to Dengue. More number of positive cases is among the males. The common clinical features among all the patients admitted was fever (100%) followed by headache (n=96, 80%), arthralgia (n=93,80%). The prevalence of dengue was found more among the rural population (n=33, 49.2%) when compared to the urban population (n=19, 35.8%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of dengue infection was more among 0-10yrs age group (48.2%).A significant association was observed between dengue seropositivity and the clinical presentation of the study population i.e., hepatosplenomegaly, conjunctival congestion, skin rash, retro bulbar pain and hemorrhagic manifestations.

Study Of The Prevalence Of Some Intestinal Parasites And Its Effect On Some Blood Parameters Aspect Among Children Patients Of Al Muthanna Province / Iraq

Farhan A. Obiead; Eqbal A. Gatea; Farah J. Alhnon

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 524-534

The present study was carried out in Al Muthanna province through the period from June, 2017 to May, 2018. A (551) and (566) of stool samples were collect from urban and rural respectively from children under 12 years. The percentages of prevalence in urban and rural monthly changes (highest and lowest) were: Entamoeba histolytica (urban: 21.41%, rural: 23.49%, and total: 22.47%, urban: 28.12% in July, 5.0% in January, rural: 31.74% in June, and 5.0% in January). Giardia lamblia (urban: 21.41%, rural: 27.20 and total: 24.35, urban: 31.03% in June, 5.0% in January, rural: 36.50 in June, 0.0% January) and Enterobius vermicularis (urban: 12.15%, rural 21.55%, and total: 216.92%, urban: 15.51% in June, 5.0% January, rural 29.03 in July, 0.0% in January) respectively. The incidence according to the age and sex of children was: E. histolytica (10-24% in male), (18-24% in female), G. lamblia (13-12% in male and female), the highest infection at age groups (3-6), (6-9) in both sexes of the two parasites, and E. vermicularis (13-12% males and females), the most affected at age group (3-6). There is a significant effect of age and sex of incidence at (0.01). The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV) and white blood cell (WBCs) for (20) patients and (20) control were as following: E. histolytica (Hb 9.88 ±0.455, PCV 31.61±1.359, WBCs 9.55 ±2.81), G. lamblia (Hb 9.71±0.519, PCV 31.12 ±1.549 and WBCs 7.94±1.117) and E. vermicularis (Hb 9.62± 0.423, PCV 30.84 ±1.265 and WBCs 8.22± 0.767) and control group (Hb 11.01±2.597, PCV 36.73± 0.475 and WBCs 7.41±1.179). Statistical analysis showed a significant effect of the three parasites on the level of Hb at (0.05), PCV and WBCs at (0.01).