Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : sex

Comprehensive analysis of postmortem cases due to poisoning: A retrospective study

R. Karthick

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4993-4998

Background: Poisoning is a major epidemic of non-communicable disease in the present
century. Poisoning is common in the world including India but modes of poisoning varies as
it may result from the attempt of suicide, homicide and accidents. Present retrospective study
was aimed to analyse deaths due to poisoning at a tertiary care hospital.
Material andMethods: Present study was retrospective study, conducted with medical &
case-records of victims of poisoning whose body was autopsied in the mortuary of tertiary
care hospital.
Results: In this study, of the total of 3275 cases of postmortem, poisoning constituted 433
cases amounting to 13.22%. Most of cases were from the age group of 21-30 yrs (27.48%)
followed by 31-40 yrs (25.17%) & 41-50 yrs (16.4%). Most of cases were males (66.74%) as
compared to females (33.26%). Most of cases survived for less than 1 day period (54.73%) &
had manner of death as suicidal (94.46%). In present study, most common poison used were
organo-phosphorous compounds (64.43%), aluminium phosphide (5.77%), zinc phosphide
(5.77%), corrosive acid poison (5.08%) & carbonates (4.62%). In present study, negative
chemical analysis report (50.35%) were more common than positive chemical analysis report
(49.65%). In present study, common reason for intake of poison were physical illness
(41.11%), marital dispute (20.32%), economic crisis (13.16%), love failure (6.47%) &
accidental (5.54%). Other less common causes were conflict with parents (3.46%), family
dispute (3.46%), mental illness (3%) & academic failure (2.77%).
Conclusion: We noted that male sex, age group from second to fourth decade of their life,
married,low socioeconomic status are at high risk for poisoning.


Huldani .; Siti Kaidah; Julia Kasab; Fauziah .; Muhammad Hasan Ridhoni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1126-1132

Background: Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) is an indicator of the basic concept of physical fitness (physical fitness). The factors that determine VO2 max include heart lung function, age, aerobic muscle metabolism, body obesity, exercise state, genetics, gender, multivitamins. The age of 20-30 years is the peak age of heart and lung endurance, then it will decrease due to increasing age, the person will reduce various sports activities. Methods: This study was conducted to determine differences in VO2 Max in riverbank communities in HST Regency based on age, sex, and cellular immunity (neutrophils and lymphocytes). The samples used were 30 samples each based on adult and elderly age, sex, and neutrophil and lymphocyte examination results. Sampling using simple random sampling on samples that meet the inclusion criteria. VO2 Max is measured by the Rockport method. Data analysis used unpaired t test if the data were normally distributed and Mann Whitney if the data were not normally distributed with a confidence level of 95%. Results: VO2 max values for the less fit and fit men group were 35.7% and 64.3%, respectively. Meanwhile, the VO2 max value for the less fit and fit women group was 62.5% and 37.5%, respectively. The p value of both groups is 0.03. The neutrophil mean of the less fit and fitter groups were 63.5 and 59.1, respectively. The neutrophil mean for the less fit and fitter groups were 27.6 and 31.1, respectively.Conclusion: There are significant differences in VO2 max in groups of women and men, adults and elderly residents of Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency, South Kalimantan. In addition, there was also a significant difference in the percentage of neutrophils and lymphocytes between the VO2 max fitter and less fitter groups.