Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Asthma


Association between Dietary Habits and Asthma Severity in Children

Navjot Kaur Buttar, Shubpreet Bajwa

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 232-236

Background: Assessment of association between Dietary Habits and Asthma Severity in Children.
Materials & methods: A total of 100 children with persistent asthma and 100 children with intermittent asthma were enrolled. Complete demographic details of all the subjects were obtained. A questionnaire was framed and dietary habits of all the subjects was recorded separately. The questionnaire was filled under the direct supervision of their parents/guardians. All the results were recorded and analysed using SPSS software.
Results: 62 percent of the subjects of persistent asthma group and 60 percent of the subjects of the intermittent asthma group were boys. Positive family history of asthma was seen in 65 percent of the subjects of the persistent asthma group and 69 percent of the intermittent asthma group. While comparing the association between Dietary Habits and Asthma Severity in Children, non-significant results were obtained.
Conclusion: While evaluating the association between the dietary habits and severity of asthma, it can be concluded that dietary habits does not affect the severity of asthma among children.

Association of bronchial asthma severity with sputum eosinophil count and serum IgE levels

Dr. Pratyaksha, Dr. Gauri Paresh Godbole, Dr. Mazher Maqusood

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5115-5123

Aim: To see if there was a link between sputum eosinophil counts, serum
immunoglobulin E (IgE), and asthma severity.
Material and methods: It was a prospective observational study conducted in the
department of pulmonary medicine at TMMC & RC, Moradabad for one and half year
among 62 patients diagnosed as asthma on the basis of spirometry. All the study
participants were instructed to cough sputum into sterile plastic containers. Total IgE
levels more than 100 IU/mL was taken as abnormal. The degree of reversibility in
forced expiratory volume 1 s (FEV1) of 12% and 200 ml from the prebronchodilator
value was considered as diagnostic for asthma as per American Thoracic Society
standards and GINA 2019 guidelines.
Results: Mild, moderate and severe bronchial asthma was revealed in 35.4%, 29.2%
and 35.4% of the subjects respectively. S.E.C. and Sr.IgE level increase along with
severity of asthma with statistically significant difference. According to Pearson
correlation analysis, significant positive correlation was found between S.E.C and
Sr.IgE.
Conclusion: According to the data, both SEC &IgE are connected to asthma severity.
Asthma is associated with eosinophilic inflammation, which is a common symptom. As
SEC evaluation is a simple, inexpensive & noninvasive diagnostic approach of airway
inflammation, it could be the preferable approach for monitoring airway inflammation
and guiding therapy in day-to-day practice.

A Study on Estimation of Pro and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokine Levels in Asthma During Exacerbations and Remissions in Rural Tertiary Care Centre

C.V.Nandeshwara Reddy, G.Anil Kumar, Niveditha S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2036-2045

Background:Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, usually characterized by chronic
airway inflammation. It is defined by the history of respiratory symptoms such as
wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough that vary over time and in
intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation. AIM: To estimate the pro
inflammatory cytokine (TNFα), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) and serum IgE
levels during exacerbation and remission of asthma and to compare with normal
controls.
Materials and Methods: Study Design: Prospective comparative study. Study area:
Department of. Pulmonary Medicine and General Medicine, M. V. J Medical College
and Research Hospital, Hoskote, Bengaluru. Study Period: 1st march 2021 to 28th
February 2022. Study population: Patients who had symptomatology of Asthma
attending and admitted in the Dept. of. Pulmonary Medicine and General Medicine.
Sample size: study consisted a total of 50 patients. (25 cases and 25 controls) Sampling
method: Simple Random sampling method. Ethical consideration: Institutional Ethical
committee permission was taken prior to the commencement of the study. Study tools
and Data collection procedure: The study included a total of 50 individuals of which 25
were patients of asthma and 25 normal healthy controls from general population. The
subjects included in the study were explained the purpose of enrolment and informed
consent was taken. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was done using Microsoft
excel sheet and analysed statistically using SPSS (statistical package for social service)
version 22. Since plasma cytokine concentrations were not in a Gaussian distribution,
the Mann–Whitney rank sum test was used to assess the differences.
Results: 8(32%) cases where in the age range of 20-30 years, 9(36%) in 31-40 years
range and 8(32%) were above 40 years. 6(24%) participants of the study group were
males and 19(76%) were females. The serum levels of the pro inflammatory cytokine
TNFα during exacerbation of asthma was 7.38± 5.4 pg/ml and during remission was
5.01±4.1 pg/ml, while the controls had a mean of 2.43± 0.83 pg/ml. The serum levels of
the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL- 10 were 4.36±5.9 pg/ml during exacerbation,
13.72±11.4 pg/ml during remission and 3.42±2.8 pg/ml in controls.
Conclusion: Persistently elevated levels of the pro inflammatory cytokine (TNFα) and
IgE in the remission phase points to the chronic inflammatory nature of asthma and the
exacerbations being acute on chronic type of inflammation. The higher levels of IL-10
point out towards the anti-inflammatory role of IL -10 and its role in inducing a
remission.

Prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms during pregnancy: An observational study

Dr. ILA Agarwal, Dr. Shalini Nagpal, Dr. Abdul Wahab Mirza

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 2105-2108

Background: Asthma attack is the most common respiratory symptom observed and is of great concern. Throughout the world asthma cases are increasing during pregnancy. The major issue is that the control levels of asthma is changing during pregnancy so the management is a little difficult during pregnancy.
Objective: The present study was undertaken to observe the prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms during pregnancy.
Materials and methods: 40 pregnant women attending OPD in the hospital were part of the study after obtaining the written informed consent. Confidentiality of the data was maintained. Willing pregnant women were included in the study. Pregnant women with any other complications severe were excluded from the study. Respiratory symptoms were examined during the general physical examination by an expert physician.
Results: The age group of the participants ranges from 22-30 years. 25% of individuals have asthma. 37.5% of individuals have wheeze without cold, 15% of individuals have nasal allergies. 27.5% have shortness of breath. 5% of individuals have a history of smoking. 15% of individuals are currently under the medication for asthma.
Conclusion: The present study results explained that wheezing without cold and shortness of breath are the most common respiratory symptoms during pregnancy. Further detailed studies with a higher sample size are recommended to understand better the respiratory symptoms during pregnancy.

Pattern of Aeroallergen Sensitization in Children with Respiratory Allergy in North Indian Population

Radhey Shyam Sharma, Pratibha Shekhawat, Pooja Yadav, Gautam Lunia

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5755-5760

Background: Allergic diseases affects lives of more than one billion people worldwide(1).
Aeroallergen sensitization can be evaluated using either skin testing or measuring
specific IgE to these aeroallergens. Skin prick testing (SPT) is an easy, cost-effective and
convenient approachto identify sensitization to allergens.
Objective: To determine the pattern of sensitization to various aeroallergens and
prevalence of atopy in children with respiratory allergy.
Method: We performed a hospital based prospective observational study, conducted at
Paediatric OPD, SantokbaDurlabhji Memorial Hospital, Jaipur, India. Total 140
children of age 6years to 18 years diagnosed with Respiratory allergy (Allergic rhinitis
& Asthma) were enrolled. Skin prick test using 18 aeroallergens(indoor & outdoor)
were performed as per standard protocol.
Result: Among the total cases around 77% (n=108) were having positive skin test for
one or more allergens, most common allergens were HDM (35%), cockroach
(32.2%),Mosquito (32.1%), Grain dust (22.1%) and Heloptelia (20%).
Conclusion: SPT is the most convenient, cost-effective, sensitive and standardized
method for detecting allergen sensitivity and should be used in all children with allergic
disorders to demonstrate the atopy. More than 50% of children in our study had
sensitization to one or more aeroallergens suggesting atopy; sensitization was most
commonly seen to HDM antigen.

A study to assess the factors affecting attainment of control and acute exacerbations in children treated for asthma

Shrikant Hemant Joshi, Salma Shaziya, Poornachand Venkatesh, Pradeep Senapathi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 389-395

Background: The Asthma Guidelines of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program
(NAEPP) published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) emphasize the need to evaluate asthma
control as a key component for asthma treatment and management. Well-controlled asthma is associated
with improved health status, and fewer physician visits, hospitalizations and emergency room visits
among children and adults. In contrast, poor asthma control is directly linked with increased school
absenteeism and loss in work productivity among asthma children and adults/caregivers, respectively.
Unfortunately, studies report that asthma remains uncontrolled in many asthmatic patients, despite
receiving appropriate treatments. Present study has been designed to update the knowledge regarding
factors affecting asthma control and factors responsible for frequent exacerbations in children so that
corrective measures could be taken.

Role of X-Ray in the Evaluation Of Asthma And Wheezing Severity

Hussameddin Hasan Alali, Mohamad NourM.Nael Ammaneh, Fisal Haritani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 262-271

Patients with asthma experience exacerbations due to the airflow obstruction caused by the narrowing of lung passages. The exacerbations vary between simple and lifethreatening, which is unpredictable. As a result, visits to the emergency department and hospitalization incur an enormous health care expenditure. Prediction on the severity of exacerbations is primarily vital to decide on the further course of treatment where conventional tests like spirometry provide mechanical aspects of the lung pathway obstruction. The advent of imaging modalities provides an advanced notion of the severity. Hence, in this review, the epidemiology of asthma, a diagnostic procedure using the different radiological techniques, various factors leading to lung pathway obstruction, and suitable medicines were discussed.

Comparison between the presence of cow milk protein allergy in asthmatic and non-allergic children

Hadeel I. Enany, M. H. M. Ebrahim, E. M. Rasheed, Eman M. Elbehedy, Shereen A. Baioumy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 448-456

Background: Hypersensitivity to cow milk proteins is one of the main food allergies
and affects mostly but not exclusively infants, while it may also persist through
adulthood and can be very severe. Different clinical symptoms of milk allergy have
been established. The diagnosis of milk allergy differs widely due to the multiplicity
and degrees of symptoms, and can be achieved by skin or blood tests. The aim of
this study to assess the role of cow milk (CM) to induce asthma and compare
between the presence of cow milk protein allergy in asthmatic and non-allergic
children and to prevent occurrence of asthma among children, Subjects and
methods: This is a case control study, was conducted on 154 patients divided into
two groups (77 in each). This study was conducted in Pulmonology Unit of
Pediatric Department in Zagazig University Hospital. Result: There was high
statistically significant difference between the two studied groups as regards skin
pick test. There was high significant increase in the severity recorded in respiratory
function test in allergic group compared to control group. Conclusion: our study
showed that CMA can exacerbate the symptoms in children with asthma. Therefore,
it is worth considering a possible role of food allergy in asthma in young children,
particularly when asthma is not adequately controlled in spite of proper routine
management. Although SPT seemed to be more reliable than sIgE testing, both had
suboptimal reliability. A definite decision should depend on performing a titrated
oral challenge test.

EFFECT OF YOGA THERAPY ON PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE AND STRESSAMONG ASTHMATIC ADULT WOMEN

K. AMUTHADEVI; R. MUTHULAKSHMI; R. ELANGOVAN

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 1075-1082
DOI: 10.31838/ejmcm.07.09.110

The goal of the random group experimental research was to figure out the impact of yoga therapy on the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) of asthmatic adult women and stress. For the purposes of the study, 30 adult asthmatic women were randomly selected using the Chennai random group sampling method between the ages of 45 and 55 and were divided into two groups, A and B, each with 15 subjects. It was speculated that substantial discrepancies within the control group on selected physiological and psychological variables among asthmatic adult women would occur due to Yoga Therapy. The pre-test on the chosen physiological variable such as Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and psychological variable such as Stress before the start of the training program was conducted for both groups (A and B).Yoga Therapy was given to Group A; Group B (Control Group) received no specific treatment, but were in active rest after the trial duration of eight weeks, all groups were retested on the selected dependent variables. The dependent variables tested were measured and compared using the Study of Co-variance (ANCOVA) approach to figure out the essential variations between the classes. The importance test has been set at a confidence level of 0.05. There was a major increase in the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and depression after eight weeks of yoga therapy. Group A remained significantly relevant relative to Group B at the conclusion of the intervention; it is concluded that yoga therapy had a significant impact among asthmatic adult women on physiological and psychological variables. Yoga therapy is therefore useful in increasing the Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and overcoming stress for asthmatic adult women.
 

ASTHMA CORRELATES AMONG ADOLESCENCE IN COUNTRY: AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Dr. Sanjay D. Gabhale; Dr. Preetha Anand; Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari; Dr. Heena Tiwari; Dr.Savitri Ranjeri; Dr. Abhinav Vilas Lambe

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 6606-6612

Aim: Purpose of our research is to establish the increased incidence of asthma with adolescent age group
Methodology: A cross-sectional, school-based study carried out amongst 1200 children. In
our study, we took into consideration about various demographic patterns like lifestyle
patterns, health issues, as well a comparison between asthmatics and non- asthmatics.
Comparison between the two groups was done by analysing data using Statistical Analysis
Software 25.0.
Results: Among a final sample of 1198 participants, the prevalence of self-reported asthma
was found to be 8.2%. Various characteristics were found significantly different between
the 2 groups including the gender, the weight and dietary patterns. Self –reported
asthmatic were more likely to be males, overweight or obese.
Conclusion: Asthma disease remains prevalent among adolescents and requires higher
awareness and better guidance for its prevention and treatment. Further efforts should
focus on health promotion and as well as improved quality of life so as to prevent this
chronic disease.

Influence of mouth breathing on oral health in children: A population-based crosssectional study in Nagpur city

Dr. Arunkumar Sajjanar; Dr. Nilesh Rojekar; Dr. Pankaj Chavan; Dr. Milind Wasnik; Dr. Niharika Gahlod; Dr. Harshita Shukla

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 7652-7659

Background/purpose
Previous studies have suggested that mouth breathing has harmful effects on oral health in
children, but the evidence has been insufficient. To investigate the association of mouth
breathing with oral health in school children aged 8–11 years from Nagpur city , India
Materials and methods
Cross-sectional data were obtained from March to April 2019. A questionnaire was used to
investigate children's mouth breathing habits and personal/family histories related to allergic
disease. Oral health status was determined through a clinical oral examination. Data were
analyzed with multivariable logistic regression.
Results
In total, 1007 children were included. We observed no association between mouth breathing
and dental caries in children. However mouth breathing was associated with child's tonsillitis
and was identified as a possible risk factor for class II dental malocclusion.

Role of Herbal Medication in Treatment of Asthma

Satish Kumar Sharma; Isha Talwar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1016-1025

Asthma is the most prevalent non-transmissible disease that entirely affects quality of life. Management of such diseases is a pre-requisite. . Modern biological therapy for extreme asthma care, along with biomarker advances, provide the potential for phenotypic-specific therapies and introduction of more tailored procedures. Although many measures were adopted to overcome from this issue but still some side effects are faced while using synthetic medications. The present review discusses about herbal medication that were adopted by different countries to cure asthma. Discussion of Chinese, Japanese, Indian and alike herbs were done along with their clinical trials conducted on different subjects. Final a conclusion is drawn wherein it is observed that herbal medications were effective in treating asthma but a full reliance over them may sometime cause serious consequences as it not always herbs are found to be effective on different subjects. The reason may be due to mis-guiding during preparation of the formulation or incorrect labelling of the formulation

Systematic review on Asthma and Irritants

Dr.Dinesh Kumar S; Dr. Amarendiran

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5357-5364

Asthma is an infectious condition which is heterogeneous and characterized by enhanced airway hyper response to external stimuli including irritants. Asthmatics could be more prone to environmental irritants than healthy citizens, that is, to react in lower quantities. The study also checked the empirical assistance for this speculation and analysed in what manner asthma is taken into consideration when establishing dosage limits and guideline values. The study found that experiments compared stable and asthmatic people are sometimes inconclusive. However, the available reports are underused by business and specialist committees respectively. Data for certain irritants show that asthmatics are three times more responsive than safe. The most plentiful data on sulphur dioxide found. A benchmark concentration study here showed a 9-fold intensity gap. Based on such results, when establishing exposure limits and recommendations for irritants a default measurement factor is recommended.

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE OF ASTHMA AND RELATED SYMPTOMS IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN ATTENDING THE PRIMARY HEALTH CLINIC IN MAKAH CITY IN SAUDI ARABIA 2019.

Muhannad Abdulhamid Almalk, Abdulmhosen Abdullah Allehyani, Asmaa Dakkel Najm Alsulami, Najlaa Eid FadelAllah Alharbi, Khlood Musalam Abbad Al harbi, Amal Mafarh Abdullah Al otaibi Badr Jaber Albeshri, Nawaf Saad M Alhusayni, Faisal Khalid Hamzah Alghamdi, Bandar Shabeb Almqati, Mamdouh Ahmad Albishri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 483-491

Asthma is a global problem, its prevalence varies among different countries and cities and age groups. In children, asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases and one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality.Bronchial asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood. In recent years a consistent increase in the prevalence of asthma has been reported from various regions of the world. Concomitantly, the social and economic impact of the disease is also increasing. Children with asthma face multiple challenges that encompass learning how to cope with. Bronchial asthma (BA) is a public health problem in all countries irrespective of their level of development, being generally under-diagnosed and undertreated, and most asthma-related death commonly occurs in low-income and lower-middle income countries .As for Saudi Arabia, it is estimated that more than 2 million Saudis have asthma and the percentages range from 8% to 25% in Saudi children. In 2004, the highest prevalence of asthma was reported by physicians in Saudi Arabia (25%).
Aim of the study:To Assessment of knowledge of asthma and related symptoms in school-age children attending the primary health clinic inMakah city in Saudi Arabia 2019.
Method:A cross-sectional study was conducted attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An asthma knowledge questionnaire was used to measure the knowledge. During the March to June, 2019, participants were (80).
Results:General knowledge about asthma the majority of participant had average information were (43.75%) while weak Knowledgewere (12.25%) the data ranged from (4-15) by (Mean± SD) (12.113±4.12), while Knowledge about associated aspects of asthma the majority of participant had average information were (67.5%) while weak Knowledgewere (12.25%) the data ranged from (5-10.) (Mean± SD), (6.387±2.75).
Conclusion: In conclusion, the screening methodology adopted in this study could be applied for all children at the beginning of the school year, being simple and noninvasive measure. The prevalence of asthma in school children in is greater than that reported from most developing countries and closer to the rates reported indeveloped countries. Avoidance of pet's ownership at home, improving social class and premarital counseling for atopic persons are all recommended

ABOUT ASSESSMENT THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF PARENTS ASTHMA IN THEIR CHILDRENAT MAKAH CITY IN SAUDI ARABIA 2019

Faisal Ali Maroof, Nozhah Ahmad Sulimani, Maha Marzoq Almawalad, Azzah Abdallah Ashi, Qassem Mohammad Alammari, Manahal Ahmad Alharbi Amani Ahmad Alsharif, Khalid Mohammad Alyami, Shroog omar albshri, Bashayer Ahmed alharbi, Azmi Abbas Hashem Albarakati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 416-426

Background
Children with asthma face multiple challenges that encompass learning how to cope with. Bronchial asthma is a public health problem in all countries irrespective of their level of development, being generally under-diagnosed and undertreated, and most asthma-related death commonly occurs in low-income and lower-middle income countries. Family management of asthmatic children is affected by several factors, primarily the parent’s knowledge and attitude toward asthma. In 2004, the highest prevalence of asthma was reported by physicians in Saudi Arabia (25%). Bronchial asthma is a serious disease since it is very common disease in Saudi Arabia, and it doesn’t only affect the individual physiologically, however it also affects the individual’s quality of life, leading to missing days from school or work, emergency hospital visits, hospitalization, and caregivers and parents’ time and effort. Consecutively, it affects the whole community, asthma, the most common chronic illness in children is responsible for more school absenteeism than any other single chronic childhood condition. Aim of the study: To assessment the level of Knowledge of parents about asthma in their children at MakahMethod: A cross-sectional study was conducted   attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An asthma Knowledge of parents about childhood asthmawas used to measure the knowledge. During the October toNovember, 2019, participants were (200).
Results:Knowledge of the participant toward asthma study results show the majority of participant had average information Myths and beliefs regarding asthma were(65.0%) while Range (9-18) Mean± SD(12.144±4.15), regarding the General knowledge about asthmashow the majority of participant had average information were(51.0%) while Range (4-15) Mean± SD(11.58±3.15), also Knowledge about associated aspects of asthmathe majority of participant had average information were(78.0%) while Range (5-10) Mean± SD (7.108±2.011).
Conclusion:The asthma knowledge in the Saudi Arabian population is insufficient, and efforts should be carried out to spread asthma knowledge to the people among the parents and guardians of asthmatic children. asthma management should include patients, parents, and public awareness regarding the disease, its symptoms, medications, and highlight the misconceptions about asthma medications at both hospital level and community, for better control of asthma, more effort is needed to educate caregivers and to enhance them.

ASSESSMENT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE REGARDING CHILDHOOD ASTHMA AT MAKAH CITY IN SAUDI ARABIA 2019. ACROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Mohammed Hussain Alahmadi, Nabeel Hussain Alharbi, Fahd Mohammed Alahmadi, Osamah Faisal Alganawy, Ahmad Rjaallah Al Saadi, Fardus mahmoud ibrahim Altakroni Sumaiah Mohammed Falattah, Maha Adnan Sabbagh, Effat Mogbel Al Mwalad, Azzah Zamil Alzaid Alsharif

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 406-415

Background:Asthma, the most common chronic illness in children is responsible for more school absenteeism than any other single chronic childhood condition. Acute asthma attacks while at school can cause considerable disruption to scheduled school activities, broadening its impact on school participation. Children with asthma face multiple challenges that encompass learning how to cope with. Bronchial asthma (BA) is a public health problem in all countries irrespective of their level of development, being generally under-diagnosed and undertreated, and most asthma-related death commonly occurs in low-income and lower-middle income countries. As for Saudi Arabia, it is estimated that more than 2 million Saudis have asthma, and the percentages range from 8% to 25% in Saudi children. In 2004, the highest prevalence of asthma was reported by physicians in Saudi Arabia (25%). Bronchial asthma is a serious disease since it is very common disease in Saudi Arabia, and it doesn’t only affect the individual physiologically, however it also affects the individual’s quality of life, leading to missing days from school or work, emergency hospital visits, hospitalization, and caregivers and parents’ time and effort. Consecutively, it affects the whole community.
Aim of the study:To assessment the knowledge of the regarding childhood asthma at Makah city in Saudi Arabia. 2019.
Method:A cross-sectional study was conducted   attending the primary health care centers in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An asthma knowledge questionnaire was used to measure the knowledge. during the April to June, 2019, participants were (800).
Results: Regarding awareness of the participant toward asthma study results show the majority of participant had average information were(59.0%) while weak awareness were(22.0%) the data ranged from(6-28) by mean ±SD(16.577±5.87).
Conclusion:The bronchial asthma knowledge in the Saudi Arabian population is insufficient, and efforts should be carried out to spread asthma knowledge to the people. Bronchial asthma management should include patients, parents, and public awareness regarding the disease, its symptoms, medications.