Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : outdoor education


Self-Assesment Instrument Model Competency Levelof Outdoor Education Coaches Co-Curriculum Center In Malaysia

Omar Firdaus Mohd Said; Md Amin Md Taff; Ahmad Hashim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5997-6007

The aim of this study is to evaluate the instrument model competency level of outdoor education coaches co-curriculum center among state zone in Malaysia. This study is fundamental in looking for the competency level among outdoor coaches co-curriculum center in Malaysia. The methodological approach taken in this study is quantitative research with pre-experimental “one shot case study” approach. Stratified Sampling methods were used by researcher in this study. N = 240 outdoor education coaches were selected as respondents in this study. They were a population of outdoor education coaches of co-curriculum center in Malaysia. To compare the different level competency of outdoor education coaches state zone in Malaysia, the researcher used aone-way ANOVA analysis. Findings shown no significant differences for attribute foundations towards the level competency of outdoor education coaches co-curriculum state zone in Malaysia is =.284. Attribute hard skills show no significant differences which is =.562. Meanwhile, for attribute soft skills, there is asignificant difference which is =.034. For attribute meta skills findings shown, there is a significant difference towards the competency level of outdoor education coaches co-curriculum center among state zone in Malaysia, which is =.002. Overall, from these findings, researcher found the competency level of outdoor education coaches co-curriculum center among state zone in Malaysia conquered the main attribute of soft skills and meta skills.

The Effect of Sequencing Adventure Activities in Residential Outdoor Education Camp on Student Group Cohesion in Malaysian Institute of Teacher Education

Mazuki Mohd Yasim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 6071-6080

This paper attempts to deal with the issue of group cohesion among Malaysian Institute of Teacher Education outdoor education students by applying the elements of sequencing adventure activities in their outdoor education programs. Through this design, the participants were asked to choose their preferred sequence of adventure activities and followed by the pre and post-test of Group Environmental Questionnaire (GEQ) instrument to measure their level of group cohesion. This study focused on 350 (N=350) first year undergraduate students from four campuses who attended four different outdoor education programs. The study utilized a treatment and non-equivalent control group for the pre and post-test design. Result suggested that the sequence of activity from low to high risk activity is the most appropriate approach to enhance students’ group cohesion. MANCOVA procedures suggested that the sequence of adventure activities had positively improved the group cohesion aspects of the experimental group with significant gain in ATG-T, ATG-S, GI-T and GI-S. Furthermore, results also highlight the improvement of group outcome aspects (GI-T and GI-S) which surpassed individual aspects (ATG-T and ATG-S). Overall, the results of this study showed that outdoor education improves teacher trainees’ group cohesion.