Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : demography


Demographic profile of patients with acute pancreatitis presenting to department of surgery, jorhat medical college: A clinical study

Richard Barla, MJ Gohain, Nilutpal Bora, NN Ganguly, AC Baro

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1998-2007


Background: Acute Pancreatitis is a major health problem with significant morbidity and mortality. There is large geographical variability in incidence, disease severity and outcome with data related to prevalence rate lacking in our region. Present study is aimed to observe its demographic variability around the Jorhat Medical College.
Methods: First consecutive 50 cases of acute pancreatitis presented in the Jorhat Medical College during the study period from June 2020 to May 2021 were included in the study; data collected, systematically analyzed and statistically reviewed.
Results: Of the 50 cases, 33 (60%) were male while 17 (34%) were female. The mean age of the study sample is 37.04±13.52 (SD) years, ranging from 15 – 75 years. Majority of the patients are between 15-35 years. In 50% cases, alcohol is the most common aetiology followed by gallstones (36%), idiopathic in 10% cases. Alcohol is the most common aetiology among male and 15-35 years age group while gallstone is most common cause in females and 35-55 years age group. Among 50 cases, 41 (82%) are mild acute pancreatitis and 9 (18%) have severe acute pancreatitis. Majority of severe acute pancreatitis cases are male and alcoholic. Of 50 cases, among Hindus (n= 47) ethnic Assamese are 54%, Tea tribe 20%, Mising 10%, UP 6%, Bengali 4%, while Muslim 4% and Christian 2%. Gallstone is most common cause among ethnic Assamese and alcohol is the common cause in Tea tribe and Mising. Geographical distributions of the cases are as follows: Jorhat district 50% (n=25), Golaghat 32% (n= 16), Majuli 14% (n= 7) and Sivasagar 4% (n=2).
Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis is more common among male than female. Assamese are the most commonly affected ethnic group, gallstone being the most common cause among them. Alcohol is the most common aetiology in Tea tribes and Mising community. Male and alcoholics are more prone to severe acute pancreatitis. The incidence of acute pancreatitis is more in younger population 15-35 years and alcohol is the most common cause in this age group. Most of the cases are from Jorhat district followed by Golaghat, Majuli and Sivasagar.

Immigration Issue in Assam : Understanding the Demographic Transformation after 1971 period

Nagendra Nath Gogoi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 424-430

The issue immigration has troubled the state of Assam for decades now. It has deep impact on the socioeconomic and political life of the state. Further, it is adversely affecting the demographic structure of the state; creating law and order problem wherever they are present in sizeable number. At the very outset, the native people fear that the unchecked migration from across the border, particularly from Bangladesh will subvert their way of life and change the demographic profile of the state in the near future. This paper traces the impact of immigration on the society and politics of Assam. Based on insights from the immigration discourse of Assam, the author offers certain policy recommendations to deal with the immigrant issue in Assam

TECHNOLOGIES OF “SMART CITY” IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Dr. Prof. Uljaeva Shohistahon; Djumaniyazov Rahimboy; Khafizova Zukhra; Xudoyberganova Marg’uba; Khudayberganov Ganisher

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 6357-6363

The article analyzes new technologies of a smart city in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Now it is very convenient and traditionally considered new innovative cities. History also had some kind of smart cities, they were somewhat similar to each other. They were protected by walls, all streets connected to the main street. Historical experience today is very important for the development of a smart city. The authors studied the historical aspects of smart cities, examined the example of Central Asian urban planning from a historical perspective. Today the demographic development of cities requires careful and potential use of urban resources. A number of measures have been taken in Uzbekistan to form a "smart city" until 2030