Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : eating habits

Dietary Habits And Periodontal Health In Saudi Arabia: A Qualitative Study

Arwa Abdullah Alsyefi; Dr. Mohammed Alasqah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1258-1270

Aim: The purpose of our research was to highlight the importance of diet as well as
associated dietary habits in people; with the changes in oral environment leading to
alterations in the periodontal health of an individual.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 enrolled subjects who
underwent periodontal examination and treatment. A questionnaire was given to them,
which was related to self-reported medical history, medication, physical activity and dietary
habits and usual intake. Periodontist assessed the periodontal status of the participants and
a clinical dietician analysed their dietary habits. Subjects were the periodontally examined
and diagnosed according to the stage and grade of the periodontal disease. The collected
data recorded through questionnaire and periodontal examination was analysed
Results: 81.8% participants did not have any apparent illnesses. 14.5 % of the participants
were taking medications for their diseases. Maximum study participants took sweet snacks
daily (60.9%) as well as caffeinated beverages daily (86.3%). They also took fried foods
(35.4%) as well as chips and junk food (34.5%) twice a week. The average Body Mass
Index of the study participants was 35.8kg/m2. 80% of the subjects had been diagnosed
with chronic periodontitis. 22.7% of participants had stage 1 periodontitis whereas 27.2%
of the subjects had stage 3 periodontitis.
Conclusion: It is imperative to reduce the consumption as well frequency of sticky and
refined sugars in the diet, so as to limit the damage to the oral tissue especially the
periodontium. Good oral hygiene also helps to maintain this homeostasis inside the oral

Impact of the COVID-19 Epidemic on Eating Habits and Lifestyle : An East Nusa Tenggara Survey

Lalu Juntra Utama; Andi Eka Yunianto; Indhira Shagti; Juni Gressilda Louisa Sine; Anak Agung Ayu Mirah Adi; Meirina Sulastri Loaloka; Astuti Nur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 162-171

The Large Scale Social Restrictions, implementation has been regulated in Government Regulation (PP No. 21 of 2020) signed by the President of the Republic of Indonesia and along with the Minister of Health of Republic of Indonesia's Regulation (Permenkes No. 9 of 2020) concerning Large-Scale Social Limitation Guidelines in the Context of the Handling of COVID-19. This is undoubtedly to overcome the problem of dissemination COVID-19. This research aimed to find out the lifestyle of the people in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, during the emergency response phase of COVID-19. Methods of data collection were executed by filling out the lifestyle questionnaires that were previously prepared and uploaded in the Google Form toward the population aged over 16 years in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. This research was conducted by a cross-sectional study method. According to the results of data analysis, about 191 respondents were involved in this study. Information about COVID-19 was mostly obtained from the internet or social media was 71.20%. Daily consumption of vegetables and fruit was 39.27%. Around 47.64% of respondents experienced a change of habit, such as sometimes do sunbathe, and 30.89% of respondents increased physical activity frequency more than three times a week. The 98.43% of East Nusa Tenggara society tended to wear masks outside of their house, and 85.34% always wash their hands using soap. The prevalence of daily fresh food consumption during this virus pandemic was 77.49%, and instant food products were 2.62% every day. Factors that changed during the Covid-19 virus pandemic were smoking, physical activity, consumption, washing hands, wearing masks, sunbathing, and processed foods consumption.

Relationship Between Pocket Money Trend And Dental Caries

Dr. Manisha Gopaldas Kripalani; Dr. Ivashpreet Kaur; Dr. Anupkumar Panda; Dr. Varsha Budakoti; Dr. Sayani Roy; Dr. Hitakshi Kathiria

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3173-3178

Background : The current pocket money trends in school children is steeply increasing. Pocket money accessed by the children has a direct influence on eating habit leading to bitter consequences on their oral hygiene. This trend turns out to be a risk factor for dental caries.
Objective : The aim of the study was to find the relationship between pocket money trend and dental caries in school going children.
Materials and Methods: A questionnaire based cross sectional study was carried among 200 school children of age 8 to 13 from two selected urban area schools of Ahmedabad. Informed consent was obtained from the respective school Principals and also verbal consent was taken from each participating child. Questionnaire used to collect relevant data required for the study was pretested and validated. The questionnaire form was given to each child to fill it and simultaneously oral examination using mouth mirror and explorer was carried by trained dentist according to WHO standard criteria. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 26 software. The chi-square test was used to study the relationship between variables and compare means. Correlation analysis was used to determine the degree of association at 5% level of significance.
Results :A strong positive correlation (r=0.9925)was seen between pocket money and caries. The results showed that 89% of children received pocket money among which 63% children had dental caries.
Conclusion : This study concluded that children receiving allowances could be a potential risk indicator of caries.