Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : rash

Study of usefulness of Weil-Felix test as a simple diagnostic tool for diagnosis of rickettsial fever

Dr. Varun B Kusagur, Dr. Manasa KB

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1382-1387

Background: Rickettsial infections are the most covert re-emerging infections in present
times. They are incapacitating and notoriously difficult to diagnose, Weil-Felix (WF) test is
classic serological test which is widely available but not widely acceptable because of its low
sensitivity and specificity. Present study was aimed to study of usefulness of Weil-Felix test
as a simple diagnostic tool for diagnosis of rickettsial fever.
Material and Methods: Present study was single-center, prospective, observational study,
conducted in children < 18 years age, hospitalized with fever and presence of one or more of
the following clinical features: Rash, edema, eschar, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy
OR had history of contact with pets or live stocks and history of tick-bite.
Results: In the present study maximum number of cases were from school going age group
(53.5%), male (67.4%), from Rural Areas (88.4%) & Tick bite could be demonstrated in
44.2% cases. Based on clinical features Lymphadenopathy was seen mainly 86.00%,
followed by maculopapular rash (76.7%), rash appearing 48-96 hrs. after fever (72.10%),
conjunctival congestion (55.80%), hepatomegaly (48.80%), rash on palms & soles, pedal
edema (34.9%) & purpura (14%). Out of 43 suspected cases, Weil-Felix test was positive in
31 cases (72.1%) and Negative in 12 cases (27.90%).
Conclusion: Rickettsial disease must be strongly suspected with a triad of fever, rash and
lymphadenopathy or having history of tick exposure/ bite and when the cause of fever cannot
be established. Weil Felix test can be carried out for early detection of suspicious casein
resource limited set up.

Some Clinical Features Of The Chickenpox In Adults And Children In Modern Conditions (Review Article)

Zhuraev Shavkat Abdukhuhidovich; Yarmukhamedova Nargiza Anvarovna; Rustamova, Shahlo Abdukhakimovna; Uralov Shukhrat Mukhtarovich; Israilova Sokhiba Buribaevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2716-2721

Chicken pox is one of the leading places in prevalence after acute respiratory infections. The urgency of the problem is determined by the high incidence of chickenpox, the widespread spread of the pathogen, an increase in the specific gravity in the general infectious pathology, and the ineffectiveness of preventive measures implemented in practice (isolation of patients, quarantine). Despite the low incidence of chickenpox in adults, the risk of severe complications and even death is higher than in children. The greatest risk of the dysfunctional course of chickenpox is noted in people with immunodeficiency. This is characteristic, first of all, for patients with HIV infection and patients with chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, autoimmune diseases, bronchial asthma, chronic hepatitis, systemic diseases of the connective tissue).
The aim of the study was to conduct a retrospective analysis of the clinical and laboratory features of the course of chickenpox in children and among the adult population of the Samarkand region, as well as to offer practical measures for the prevention of disease in practical health care.