Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Public Health


ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP IN THE FORMATION OF A HIGH ECOLOGY CULTURE (МОЛОДЕЖ)

Primov Muxidin Narzullayevich; Abdullayev A’zam Abdiyevich; Raxmonov Abdurauf Muxammedovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1047-1051

This article explores the role of forming ecological culture in the new conditions of developing Uzbekistan. Currently, Uzbekistan’s efforts to develop proposals for the rational use of water resources, providing clean drinking water, the treatment of household waste, the negative consequences of the Aral Sea problem and improving environmental legislation have a connection to the formation of a high ecological culture. One of the main factors in the formation of an active civic position is a rational attitude to the environment, the preservation of natural resources for future gene-rations in improving the ecological culture of the population.

Medical Geographical Analysis Of Population Health In Arid Climate Areas

Nilufar Kh. Komilova; Dilnoza K. Zaynutdinova; Hamroyev Mukhtor Ozodovich; Umriniso T. Egamberdiyeva; Abduvalieva Zulfiya Latibovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1105-1116

This article examines the nosogeographic conditions of Bukhara region and the peculiarities and problems of public health. Bukhara region is located in the south-west of Uzbekistan, in the lower reaches of the Zarafshan River, and the main part of its territory consists of deserts. The influence of the desert plays a leading role in the nature of the region. Although there are differences in the nature of oases compared to desert areas, they have all the features of desert conditions. Extreme aridity and heat, as well as a lack of precipitation, have a direct impact on the health of the population. The unsuitability of drinking water content and high salinity of soils are also likely to cause various diseases. Representatives of flora and fauna, which are widespread in the region, have also adapted to these natural conditions. They can be conditionally divided into desert and oasis types. Some of the most common medicinal plants in the region can be used in medicine to make a variety of medicines. Due to the natural conditions of the region, there is an opportunity to build health facilities in the region for the treatment of certain diseases, including kidney, musculoskeletal and other diseases.

Public knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the coronavirus disease pandemic: a cross-sectional study in the Kurdistan region, Iraq

Ibrahim A. Naqid; Basheer A. Abdi; Nashwan Ibrahim; Dildar H Musa; Zana Sidiq M. Saleem; Ahmed Mohammed Chafrash; Nawfal R. Hussein; Kurdistan A. Saeed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1148-1161

Background/Objectives: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an emerging viral respiratory disease
that has currently reached apandemic status.This study aimed to assessCOVID-19 knowledge,
attitudes, and practices among the Kurdishpopulation in Iraq.
Methods: This cross-sectional studywas conducted fromJuly 15 to September 15, 2020 among the
Kurdish population in Iraq. A total of 885 subjects were interviewed. All subjects were aged 15–75
years. Knowledgescores, attitudes, and practices of subjects were analyzed according to demographic
characteristics.
Results:The study subjects were largely male,the average age was31.79 years,and 41.92% subjects
were from Erbil province. Approximately 85.31% subjectshad enhancedknowledge regarding disease
prevention and control. The lowest subscale scores were related toclinical manifestations of the
disease. Knowledge scores were significantly associated with age, place of current residence, and
level of education.A large number of participants believed COVID-19 would be controlled and the
fight against the pandemic would be won.Subjects’ attitudes toward success differedsignificantly by
demographic characteristics, except marital status. Approximately 40.03% subjects reported that they
had not visited a crowded place, and 60.22% of these subjects wore face masks when leaving home.

TIMES OF PANDEMIC IN BOLIVIA: ROLE OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION IN HEALTH POLICY

Gladys Ínes Bustamante-Cabrera; Romel Ramón González-Díaz

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 2295-2304

The development of the Public Health Policies of a country is intended to improve its fellow citizens' health level, so that their planning, management, and evaluation of results depend exclusively on the statistical improvement of problems identified before their elaboration. The decision to apply it is not dependent on any political-party
intervention, as this would interfere with public policies' proper development. This research aims to understand the role of social and political organizations in the formulation of health policies in Bolivia, before and during the pandemic period. For this, semi-structured interviews were conducted with key actors who fulfilled the role of health authorities and informants from social and/or political organizations, also analyzing national journalistic views on the subject. A significant finding was the participation of political party actors related to the blocking of public policies, the creation of parallel associations related to the health sector, which leads to the unfeasibility of the policies as they are related to an electoral purpose, poor management, This has an impact on infrastructure deficits and violation of the labour rights of health personnel. The structural analysis shows that the policies must
be analyzed in the short and medium-term and the aspects related to the Imposition of public policies, the unfeasibility of these and social movements are shown with greater urgency.

PUBLIC HEALTH REFORMS IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Xakimova Xonbuvi Xakimovna; Kushmatova Dildora Ergashovna; Naimova Zaynab Sattarovna; Kurbonov Anvar Alamovich; Kurbonov Xurshid Raxmatullaevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 820-826

The article presents health of human beings and education of health generation on the basis of great state. - Healthcare reforms is one of the main areas of state policy, Shavkat Mirziyoyev said. A particular attention is paid in our country to further improving the healthcare system, stimulating the work of medical workers, wide introduction of modern technologies and treatment methods.

ROLE OF BIOETHICS AND PUBLIC HEALTH IN PROVISION OF FAIR AND QUALITY MEDICINE

MUKHAMEDOVA ZAMIRA MUKHAMEDZHANOVNA; MAKHMUDOVA AZIZA NUGMANOVNA; UMIRZAKOVA NARGIZA AKMALOVNA; KARABAEV SANJAR ABDUSAMATOVICH; USMANOVA LAYLO RAKHMATULLAEVNA; TURAEVA DILDORA SHUKHRATOVNA

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1047-1057

Since the advent of public health (MPH) in the 17th century, its success has depended on close engagement with society. In the field of health, bioethics professionally bridges the gap between institutional and public policy, creating a link between achievements, responsibilities, and what needs to be done when the area of ​​responsibility prevails as the guiding principle of ethics. In this context, since public health and bioethics incorporate social and subjective determinants in their analysis, it is recommended that public health action be undertaken using an expanded and integrated view of the relationship between human and health. The essence of public health ethics concerns the moral rationale for policies, programs, and laws that protect and promote public health. Since public health includes broad social programs and public policies, issues related to justifying paternalistic interventions, equitable distribution of resources, and responsibility for health. Certain patient care measures (such as vaccinations) also contribute to public health, and difficult ethical questions can and do arise among practitioners.

Prevention of complicationsand several other relevant risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes(T2D)at a hospital in Vietnam

N. V. Chinh; P. H. T. Kiet; P. B. Diep; N. T. B. Yen; Dong Wang; L. D. P. Cuong; P. D. Trung; L. M. N. Uyen; N. H. Tu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 266-279

Diabetes has a significant incidence of illness, health care effects and lead to a high mortality rate due to its complications in both developed and developing countries so far. Diabetes can be divided into three main types: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and Gestational diabetes, the most common type is Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Our work focuses on researching the relationship of complications and their cost of treatment in order to make the treatment plan and minimize its costs in at the Thanh Nhan hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. Therefore, the research results show that there are many different types and rates of complications of T2D depending on key factors such as: age and duration of the disease, by determining the complication rate and analyzing multivariate logistic regression models to find the risk factors associated with an increase in the number of complications of the disease from the Social Science Package Statistics (SPSS) software and other.

Medical Geographical Analysis Of Population Health In Arid Climate Areas

Nilufar Kh. Komilova; Dilnoza K. Zaynutdinova; Hamroyev Mukhtor Ozodovich; Umriniso T. Egamberdiyeva; Abduvalieva Zulfiya Latibovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4126-4136

This article examines the nosogeographic conditions of Bukhara region and the peculiarities and problems of public health. Bukhara region is located in the south-west of Uzbekistan, in the lower reaches of the Zarafshan River, and the main part of its territory consists of deserts. The influence of the desert plays a leading role in the nature of the region. Although there are differences in the nature of oases compared to desert areas, they have all the features of desert conditions. Extreme aridity and heat, as well as a lack of precipitation, have a direct impact on the health of the population. The unsuitability of drinking water content and high salinity of soils are also likely to cause various diseases. Representatives of flora and fauna, which are widespread in the region, have also adapted to these natural conditions. They can be conditionally divided into desert and oasis types. Some of the most common medicinal plants in the region can be used in medicine to make a variety of medicines. Due to the natural conditions of the region, there is an opportunity to build health facilities in the region for the treatment of certain diseases, including kidney, musculoskeletal and other diseases.