Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : effect


Effects of rainfall variability on river discharge in Dawa river basin, Southern Ethiopia

Fekadu Temesgen Tesfaye

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 6002-6019

Understanding the link between river flow and rainfall is crucial particularly in dryland areas where there is high spatial and temporal rainfall variability. The purpose of this study is to show the link between rainfall variability and river discharge in Dawa river basin in southern Ethiopia. In order to analyze the surface hydrological effect of rainfall variability, historical rainfall and river flow data from 1972 and 2017 were used. The rainfall data were obtained from the Ethiopian Meteorological Agency, whereas the river flow data was obtained from the Ethiopian Water Resource Agency. The link between rainfall variability and river flow was modeled using linear regression model. During the 1972 - 2017 period, in all seasons, the temporal trends of the rainfall flow and the river flow show decreasing trends. In summer, winter, autumn and springs seasons the rainfall show decreasing trends with annual decrease of. 0.04 mm, 0.064 mm, 0.05 mm and 0.15 mm respectively. While the river flow show decreasing trends in summer, winter, autumn and springs seasons with annual decrease of 2.89 m3s-1, 0.26m3s-1, 1.08 m3s-1 and 0.41 m3s-1 respectively. The result shows that rainfall variability resulted in diminish river flow discharge in annual from the year1972 to 2017 in the study area. Thus, it is recommended that strategies should be designed by the agricultural experts for the agricultural sector for the impacts of declining and erratic nature of rainfall and decreasing trends of river flow in to consideration in their routine activities in the study
area.

Influence Of Lesbochol Dry Extract On The Current Of Experimental Nervo-Reflective Gastric Ultra

Allaeva M. Zh.; Dzhanaev G. Yu.; Khudoiberdiev Kh. I.; Mamadzhanova M. A.; Mustanov T. B.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2749-2753

It was proved that the studied new phytopreparation Lesbachol under experimental conditions exhibits a pronounced protective effect on the gastric mucosa. And so, under the influence of lesbachol, the area of ulceration decreases by 58.5%, and in the group of the studied drug to glycerol - by 32.7%. The results showed that lesbohol with small punctate ulcers compared with the control group was reduced 2.6 times, with large ulcers it was reduced 2.8 times, with striped ulcers 2.6 times, the total number of ulcers decreased 2.6 times ... Therefore, Lesbokhol, as a potential highly effective anti-ulcer agent, is of practical interest and can be recommended for the prevention and treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

EFFECT OF WET CUPPING USE AMONG PATIENTS COMPLAINING OF PAIN ATTENDED IN THE HIJAMA CLINIC MAKKAHAT SAUDI ARABIA 2019

Waleed Ibrahim Sindi, Abdulrahman Ahmed Alzhrani, Abdullah Marzooq Al Harbi, Fuad Shaker Rashad Zainy, Adnan Rubayan Obaid Alotaibi, Saleh Mousa Alzahrani Amna Adam Bakur Hawsawi, Sabah Saeed Abdallah AL-yateem, Majed Saad Siraj Alharthi, Safran Ibraheem Alharthy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 205-215

Wet cupping is a traditional and alternative treatment that is still used to reduce patients’ pain in several Eastern and European countries. It has been proven effective and has an essential role in reducing pain and as a treatment for many diseases in past studies. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in the field of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This discipline includes a diverse set of approaches used for prevention and treatment of many diseases. Several benefits of CAM have been proven, and it may be considered an effective modality for disease prevention, treatment of non-communicable diseases and for improving the quality of life of individuals with chronic medical conditions.2 Many patients who may not be satisfied with the outcomes of modern medicine, particularly those with chronic diseases, may be satisfied with the outcomes of CAM. Pain is the most common reason for seeking therapeutic alternatives of conventional medicine. Cupping, wet or dry, is an ancient treatment, which was broadly utilized in several communities, and it was recommended by the Islamic society.
Aim of the study: The study aimed to assess the effect of wet cupping use among patients complaining of pain attended in the Hijama clinic in Makkah City at Saudi Arabia.
Method: A retrospective records review study was conducted using medical records of patients who attended in the Hijama clinic at Makkah, KSA from January 2019 to December 2019. Our total, 200 patients attended the clinic during the year 2019. Out of those patients, 120 were complaining of pain and were included in the study. The Chi-square test and Multivariate logistic regression were used to measure the association between the various socio-determinants and the wet cupping use.
 Results: A chi-square test of independence was performed to determine the association between the frequency of WCT use and the main complaint, independence was performed to determine the association between the frequency of WCT use and the main complaint. There was a statistically significant association between them, Chi-square X2 =86.663, p=0.001.
 Conclusion: Wet cupping has positive effects on reducing pain. There are promising effects in favor of using wet cupping for improving quality of life of patients with chronic conditions, cupping is recommended as a complementary treatment modality for chronic medical conditions, especially pain .