Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Disaster


IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF UNDERSTANDING OF KAMPUNG WARNA-WARNI RESIDENTS TO DISASTER

Sumi Lestari; Intan Rahmawat; Muhammad Rosyihan; Muhammad Afif Alhad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 2350-2357

The residents of the Kampung Warna-Warni (Colorful Tourism Village) do not yet have a cognitive map of disaster. There has been a disaster simulation but it has not been integrated, so residents are still not ready for a disaster. The residents of Kampung Wisata Warna-Warni do not understand the disaster as a whole, are still limited to definitions and have not provided innovative actions in strengthening understanding. Several approaches can be taken in order to increase resident’s awareness about disaster preparedness. One of the approaches used is the cognitive aspect approach, namely increasing people’s understanding of natural disasters. Increasing people’s understanding can be done through various activities, one of which is counseling. Extension is carried out by providing information to residents related to knowledge of disasters including the causes of disasters, disaster impacts, countermeasures that can be done, what should be done when a disaster comes, and recovery after a disaster. The ultimate goal of this serving doctoral program is to increase understanding and change people’s behavior through a cognitive approach. The expected behavior after this program is implemented is related to awareness of disaster preparedness from residents because the location where residents live is on the riverbank. It is fully realized that the intended behavior change cannot happen instantly, therefore it requires commitment and consistency in implementing the program so that the expected results can be achieved maximally.

Community Literacy About Tsunamis In Three Villages (Hutumuri, Hative Kecil And Galala) - Ambon Island

Edwin Rizal; Ute Lies Siti Khadijah; Rizki Nurislaminingsih; Rully Khairul Anwar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3684-3700

Based on literature reviews and brief interviews with several residents in the preliminary research, we argued that the people in Hutumuri, Hative Kecil, and Galala affected by the 1950 tsunami, had knowledge of tsunami symptoms and could describe their characteristics. We also had other arguments that the living witness told the incident to family, neighbors, and friends, indicating that the people in the area were literate about disasters. Therefore this study aimed to discover the informant's literacy of tsunamis in Hutumuri, Hative Kecil, and Galala.This research used a qualitative method with a case study approach. Data were obtained through observation, interviews, and literature analysis. The residents selected as informants consisted of tsunami witnesses and descendants of living witnesses. Data from all of our informants were sorted out according to the study purpose, and then scientifically strengthened with a literature review (books, journals, online newspapers, and official government websites).Community literacy about tsunamis in Hutumuri, Hative Kecil, and Galala can be known from their knowledge about natural signs before and after a disaster. Besides, they also share knowledge and keep remembering while adding new knowledge about the tsunami. Knowledge is shared verbally with family, neighbors, and friends in daily conversation. They also share their knowledge in official events commemorating the 1950 tsunami in the church, at traditional ceremonies, church socialization, and discussions in village forums. How to share knowledge verbally is already a part of everyday life. Official conversations at church forums and traditional events aim to remember the 1950 tsunami while taking valuable lessons from the incident. The purpose of church socialization and discussions in village forums is to share knowledge about disasters while adding new experiences. Thus, people become literate about tsunamis.This research found that the community also shared their knowledge verbally through the singing of the song Air Turun Naik in Hutumuri and the song Banjir Galala. Another finding was the use of a loudspeaker (TOA) to deliver emergency information about the disaster by