Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Prognosis


Prognostic Significance of Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes in InvasiveBreast Carcinoma

Dr.Safaa Qatleesh, Prof. Ayman Sammoun, Prof. Eyad M Chatty

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 329-366

Background:Breast cancer is a major public health problem for woman. Several
studies suggestedthat development and progression of malignant tumors are
characterized by an interaction with the cells in the tumor microenvironment
including infiltrating immune cells.
Aim:The aim was to investigate relationship between tumor infiltrating
lymphocytes(TILs) in infiltrating breast carcinomaand other recognized
clinicopathological factors.
Material and Methods: 100 cases of infiltrating breast carcinomas were included in
the study.Stromal.TILs status was evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin staining.
For all statistical data chi-square test was applied using SPSS and Spearman
correlation.P‐values of less than 0.05 were considered as significant.
Results: Stromal TILs correlated with well-established prognostic markers:HER2
positivity(P=0.001),higher tumour grade (P=0.016), ER negativity (P=0.015), PR
negativity (P=0.008),lymphnode status(P=0.005) and lymphovascular invasion(LVI)
(P=0.001), molecular classification (P=0.000) , and p53 positivity (P=0.013). No
correlation between CD10 positivity or high proliferative index( KI67)and stromal
TILs.
Conclusion:Stromal TILs is directly correlated more aggressive phenotype:HER2
positivity ,ER negativity, PR negativity ,molecular classification, present LVI,
higher tumor grade and greater nodal involvement;so TILs could be used as novel
predictive and prognostic parameter and used to develop newer drugs
(immunotherapy).

Prognostic Significance of Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes in InvasiveBreast Carcinoma.

Dr.Safaa Qatleesh, Prof. Ayman Sammoun, Prof. Eyad M Chatty

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 385-392

Background:Breast cancer is a major public health problem for woman. Several
studies suggestedthat development and progression of malignant tumors are
characterized by an interaction with the cells in the tumor microenvironment
including infiltrating immune cells.
Aim:The aim was to investigate relationship between tumor infiltrating
lymphocytes(TILs) in infiltrating breast carcinomaand other recognized
clinicopathological factors.
Material and Methods: 100 cases of infiltrating breast carcinomas were included in
the study.Stromal.TILs status was evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin staining.
For all statistical data chi-square test was applied using SPSS and Spearman
correlation.P‐ values of less than 0.05 were considered as significant.
Results: Stromal TILs correlated with well-established prognostic markers:HER2
positivity(P=0.001),higher tumour grade (P=0.016), ER negativity (P=0.015), PR
negativity (P=0.008),lymphnode status(P=0.005) and lymphovascular invasion(LVI)
(P=0.001), molecular classification (P=0.000) , and p53 positivity (P=0.013). No
correlation between CD10 positivity or high proliferative index( KI67)and stromal
TILs.
Conclusion:Stromal TILs is directly correlated more aggressive phenotype:HER2
positivity ,ER negativity, PR negativity ,molecular classification, present LVI,
higher tumor grade and greater nodal involvement;so TILs could be used as novel
predictive and prognostic parameter and used to develop newer drugs
(immunotherapy).

PREDICTION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RENAL DYSFUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE

Kamilova Umida; Nuritdinov Nuriddin; Zakirova Gulnoza

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 1368-1374

Purpose. To identify prognostic factors for the development of renal dysfunction (RD) and to develop a method for
assessing and predicting RD in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).
Methods. A total of 101 patients with functional class I-III (FC) CHF (according to the classification of the New
York Heart Association) were examined. Also, the patients were divided, depending on the glomerular filtration
rate, determined by the calculation method according to the CKD-EPI formula (eGFR), into two groups: patients
with eGFR≥90 ml / min (n = 20), with eGFR <90 ml / min (n = 81). All patients were determined: creatinine (Cr),
eGFR according to the CKD-EPI formula, albumin / creatinine (Al / Cr) level (mg / mmol) in morning urine,
specific gravity in morning urine portion (SG); studied renal blood flow according to Doppler sonography at the
level of the common left and right renal arteries. To assess the significance of signs for determining and predicting
RD in CHF, we used a method based on Wald's sequential statistical analysis with the development of differential
diagnostic tables, determination of diagnostic coefficients (DC) and information content (J) of each sign in groups of
patients with CHF, depending on the level eGFR, determination of diagnostic thresholds (amount of DC).
Results. As a result of the developed differential diagnostic tables, the most informative signs were identified that
determine the unfavorable prognosis of RD in patients with CHF: creatinine above 80 μmol / l, eGFR less than 90
ml / min, Al / Cr ratio in morning urine more than 3.4 mg / mmol, urine specific gravity SG less than 1015,
resistance index (RI) at the level of the right and left renal arteries more than 0.7. The sum of DCs of these signs,
depending on the severity of symptoms, determines the risk of developing RD: a very high risk in the range from
+15 to +32, high risk - from +8 to +14, moderate risk - from +7 to +3, favorable course of CHF - from 0 to +2
points.
Conclusion. Signs of an unfavorable prognosis for the development of RD in patients with CHF were determined:
creatinine above 80 μmol / l, eGFR less than 90 ml / min, Al / Cr ratio in morning urine more than 3.4 mg / mmol, urine SG less than 1015, RI at the renal level arteries more than 0.7.

The Importance Of Uric Acid Level In Patients With Persistent Kidney Disease Of Predialysis Stages

Dano A. Egamberdieva; Botir T. Daminov; Iroda A. Ruzmetova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 3417-3429

The study explores theory of relativity of acid levels with nephritic function, moreover as its role as a prognostic marker of cardio tube risk in chronic excretory organ diseases within the course of variable regression analysis, taking into consideration the adjustment of potential risk issues, the amount of uric acid was found to be a major factor influencing calculable capillary vessel filtration rate. The results of this study showed that elevated humor uric acid levels are related to the next risk of kidney malfunction.

Prognostic value of tumor budding in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Dr. Sandhya Sundar, Dr. Pratibha Ramani, Dr. Gheena S, Dr.Abilasha R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 81-90

Tumor budding is the histological phenomenon seen as a detached, discohesive small cluster
of cells in the invasive tumor front. Tumor buds may provide a histological means for the
assessment of epithelial-mesenchymal interaction and facilitate early prediction of
prognosis.The present study aims to assess the prognostic significance of the tumor budding in
oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC). Detailed Histopathological scoring of the oral
squamous cell carcinoma tissue and lymph nodes including the evaluation of tumor budding
was performed by two individual observers retrospectively. The association between various
clinicopathological parameters and the budding index was analyzed using chi-square test and
fisher’s exact tests. Tumor budding was demonstrated in the invasive tumor front of all OSCC
cases. High-intensity tumor budding was seen in stage 4 cancers with tumor size of > 4cms.
Histologically, they were related to deep and extensive tumors, having an invasive front with
infiltrative cells in groups or cords, dense stromal type in association with mild inflammation
invariably. All of the cases with lymph node metastases were tumor budding positive. Thus this
study emphasizes the importance of tumor budding evaluation in regular pathology practice in
the management of OSCC cases.