Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Current Issue
Volume 8, Issue 3

Volume 8, Issue 3, Winter 2021

The effect of special exercises in learning some basic swimming skills in the context of the Corona pandemic

Rashwan Mohammed Jaafar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1-6

The importance of research to learn to swim in the shadow of the Corona pandemic came using special exercises to solve the problem of stopping learning to swim in order to eliminate the illiteracy of swimming and continue to learn the largest possible segment of the sex and groups of society. Through the preparation of special exercises
according to a training program studied and planned to learn to swim in doors and stay away from mixing and being in public areas under the virus corona pandemic. The objectives are to find an alternative teaching method using the exercises of the conditions of the virus pandemic (Coved 19) in developing some basic skills to learn to swim Fran research.

(The effect of saunas at different intervals in some biochemical variables for basketball players).

TahreerAlwanHosson .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 7-16

The research to saunas included their relationship in some biochemical variables, the removal of fatigue, and the importance of reducing the period ofrecovery during physical exertion, and identified the problem of research in finding some solutions, to get rid of the burdens of pregnancy on the organs of the body, as a result of the effort, including the use of saunas in different times, and the speed of returning the player to normal by quickly getting rid of the accumulations of fatigue representedby lactic acid and creatine enzyme, as well as the elimination of psychological effects on different organs of the body. Which is one of the priorities of the trainers, and the goal of the research to identify the effect of saunas in different times in somebiochemical variables (lactic acid, keriatine keynes), the researchers hypothesized the effect of saunas on a range of variables using different periods of time, while the research sample was the players of the specialized school / Diyala years (17-18) years, and the
results of the research were processed statistically by statistical transactions using the statistical right SPSS.

The effect of the strategy of information processing in learning some basic skills of swimming

Rashwan Mohammed Jaafar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 17-21

The strategies of processing information that swimmersuseto deal with, acquire, store and retrieve information, as the theoretical and practical aspect and the amount of interaction between them in order to develop the educational process and get better learning results in the basic skills of swimming, each learner of the swimmershas his own cognitive style that affects the way heprocesses information, andthat The problem of research lies in the use of theinformation processing strategy of creating the number of educational units that were insufficient for the vocabulary of teaching the skills of the competition, and the research aims to prepare the strategy of processing information in the learning of some basic skills of swimming, and used the experimental method of Pre and Postal testing of the experimental and control groups to suit the nature of the research, The search community has been identified as the players of Al-Azamiyah Club. For the 2019sportsseason, the number of (10 swimmers),where the sample of research was chosen in the manner of comprehensive inventory and divided the sample into two experimental groups and the control group and thereality (five swimmers)for each group and the applicationof the strategy of processing information and for eightweeks and the amount of three training units per week and the researcher used the statistical bag(spss)to process the data and the researcher reached the most important conclusions there a positive impact of the strategy of processing information in learningbasicskills.

Current Evaluation of patients with Laryngeal Carcinoma in Baqubb Teaching Hospital – Iraq.

Duraid H. Abid Alkadem; Nameer F. Gaeab; Manar Abd Alrazaq Hassan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 22-29

The larynx starts from the laryngeal inlet to the lower margin of the cricoid cartilage. (Burdett, 2011)It lies opposed the 3rd to 6th cervical vertebrae, being a slight higher in female than in male. The larynx can be divided anatomically into 3 regions, the supraglottis, glottis and subglottis by limitation of the false and true cords (Monnier, 2011).

The impact of a training program in the(repetitive) method in the development of pass skill for futsal players under the age of 19 years

Layth Ismael Ibrahim; Abduljabbar Kareem Allaw

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 30-38

The researcher addressed that the importance of the game of futsalfootball, as well as the diversity in the methods of play and its offensive and defensiverequirements, attributed this to the development and great progress that has been achieved in the field of training science and the distinguished position occupied by the game of football
and the development in the methods of playing the team in terms of the use of the best methods of training variety such ascontinuous training, repetitive, andvitreti, ring and others. The importance of the research lies in revealing the use of repetitive training exercises and their impact in the development of football passingfor the youth groupand the extent towhich the research benefits from the training of Diyala provincial clubs and youth forums in the Directorate of Youth and Sports Diyala. And the lack of attention and focus ontheperformance of the skill of passingin (last quarter) of the game time so that it is difficult for the players to perform technical duties, whichpromptedtheresearcherto enter into this problem.

The impact of the use of teaching technology in learning technical performance and accuracy of swimming skills

Rashwan Mohammed Jaafar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 39-44

The process of using educational technology has an effective role on the trainer that helpse in delivering the basic skills of the game to the player, and through the field visits made by the researcher to the specialized school to care for talent it became necessary to introduce new teaching aids such as the use of educational technology with
superior technology of swimming skills that need great control during learning and motor performance,through which it is Explaining and clarifying the basic skills to be learned, and providing immediate feedback that will enhance the informationofthelearner, the research aims to prepare the strategy of using educational technology in thescience of technical performance and accuracy of swimming skills, and usedthe researcher the experimental method of preand post testing of the experimental and control groups to suit the nature of the research, The research community has identified swimming players for the Specialized School of Gifted Care of the Ministry of Youth and Sports for the 2020 sports season. The sample of the research was selected in a comprehensive inventory method and the sample was divided into two experimental groups and the control group and the reality (six players)for each group and the strategy of using educational technologyfor eight weeks and the reality of three training units per week and the researcher used the statistical bag(spss)to process the data and the researcher reached the most important conclusions there positive effect notstrategy the use of educational technology in thescienceof technical performance and accuracy of swimming skills.

Plasma mediated treatment along with Interferon β mechanism for symptomatic Covid 19/20 treatment and generation of asymptomatic conditions for Covid 19/20 with contrast to IBV Avian virus.

Pratik Nandi Dippyoman Guha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 45-54

Covid 19 virus has shown its terror by causing severe acute respiratory disorder of human being’s effects shows a type of viral pneumonia. To address the anomaly the paper caries the motive encountering the viral infection with the help of interferon type 1 β. A basic discussion of effective INFβ1 and its introduction in the effective cells by Corona virus, plasma mediated delivery system along with development of asymptomatic conditions in non-affected individual. The plasma therapy considers plasma transfusion into effected individuals to boost their immunity against Corona virus. The plasma consists of antibodies, antigens as well as interferon to mediate with the viral infection and providing high effective rate. Satisfying these 2 goals was the basic motto of the paper along with a generation of asymptomatic condition in effected individuals. IBV (infectious bronchitis virus) is a type of influenza virus which has structural, genomic as well as symptomatic similarities with corona virus. Vaccination of non-effected individuals with IBV vac may allow to address the symptomatic similarities of Corona virus such as fever and breathing troubles. The generation of active immunity may render the extent of symptoms allowing persons to remain asymptomatic against the Corona infection. The study of structural phylogenomic of IBV along with Corona virus, and a contrast of similarities to support the asymptomatic postulates of the infected individuals has been explained.

A Review on Role of Aquatic Organisms As Bioindicator on Aquatic Ecosystem Due To Lead(Pb) And Cadmium(Cd) Pollution

Dr. Suchismita Chatterjee Saha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 55-62

The biosphere is the living objects’ natural world. It includes the planet and comprises surface portions of the lithosphere, the body and the hydrosphere. For species to live in the atmosphere, a reasonably homeostatic condition is important. To track any abnormal transition due to economic advancement and consequential growth of civilization, this includes the analysis of the chemical composition of air, water, and soil. Over the last few decades, the volume of water waste worldwide has risen. One of the most important water contamination sources is the application of extremely hazardous and non-degradable heavy metals (such as Lead, Cadmium, etc.) The effect on marine ecosystems is very fantastic. These heavy metals are taken explicitly from the water by water creatures, and indirectly by other animals belonging to the food chains. Since heavy metal ingestion is involved, certain physiological modifications are happening within the heavy metals such as reduction in growth and developmental defects and reduction in survival. Some organisms such as the Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) are used for calculation of heavy metal emissions as bioindicators and biomonitors. The purpose of this study is to discuss the significance of this organism in observing both the volume and quality aspects in relation to heavy metals, particularly lead and cadmium, in the water bodies' surroundings and how this heavy metal exposure can be avoided or managed.

A Causal Influence Model of Innovation and Digital Marketing on the Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Performance in Thailand

Wiriya Boonmalert; Chitpong Ayasanond; Bunyaporn Phoothong; Thun Chaitorn

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 63-72

The objective of this research is to (1) study the components of innovation and digital marketing that affect the small and medium enterprises (SME) performance (2) analyze the influence of innovation and digital marketing that affects the SME performance (3) study the SME performance development model. In this mixed research, there were nine key informants and 460 questionnaires were used. The statistics used were percentage, mean, standard deviation, frequency, Pearson correlation coefficient, percentage, mean, standard deviation, survey factor analysis, and analysis of structural equation model. Found that there are three components of innovation, three components of digital marketing, and SME performance has two components. The model shows that innovation has a direct influence on SME performance, innovation has a direct influence on digital marketing, digital marketing has a direct influence on SME performance, and innovation has an indirect influence on SME performance

The Quality of Life (QOL) Development for Thai Elderly in Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand

Bunyaporn Phoothong; Chitpong Ayasanond; Wiriya Boonmalert; Thun Chaitorn

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 73-82

This research aims to 1) study the quality of life (QOL) level development according to characteristics of Thai elderly demography 2) study the different levels of Thai elderly QOL and 3) study the relationship between QOL development and Thai elderly QOL in Nakhon Pathom province. Mixed methods research was used in this study. The sample consisted of 400 Thai elderlyby using questionnaires and statistics used. The data analyzed were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation. The statistical t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient were determined. Found that 1) the QOL improvement, the overall picture is at a high level, social support had the highest average, followed by environmental management, participation and health promotion 2) the elderly QOL, the environment was at a high level, followed by social, psychological, and physical relationships 3) overall QOL improvement was positively related to the elderly QOL according to the statistical significance assumptions at the level. 01 and 4) from the municipal administrators of Nakhon Pathom province interviewing, found that the QOL improvement in various areas municipality affecting the elderly QOL when the elderly are developed, they will have a better QOL

Attitude towards Teaching Profession of Graduate Levels Students in the State of West Bengal, India

Ranajit Dhara; Arup Barik; Dr. Amarnath Das; Dr. Nandini Banerjee

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 83-98

In the present study, the investigators have tried to study what kind of Attitude of Graduate Students towards Teaching Profession and to find out the Graduate Level Students concerning their level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession on the basics of Category. The investigators have applied the Descriptive Survey type method for the present study. The investigators used self-made questionnaires on Attitude towards Teaching Profession. The overall results of the study explored that the level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession is being Moderate in West Bengal, India and Female Students was comparatively more favorable attitude than the Male Graduate Students towards Teaching Profession as well as Urban Graduate Students is comparatively more positive attitude towards Teaching Profession. It is indicated that there is a no significant difference among the Graduate Level Students with respect to their level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession on the basis of Category, Streams.


Nina Sumarni; Citra WindaniMambang Sari; Dadang Purnama

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 99-106

Family support plays an essential role in understanding lifestyle changes associated with chronic illness, changes needed to help sick members. Family support for patients with hypertension can improve health, and intensive support can reduce pain and help carry out a more disciplined diet program to be maximized. Low adherence to treatment makes it difficult to control his blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family support and commitment in implementing a diet program for elderly Hypertension in Muarasanding Village, Garut Regency.The type of correlative descriptive study that describes the relationship of family support with hypertension diet compliance. This study's population is hypertension sufferers in the Muara Sanding village located in the SiliwangiGarut Health Center working area. The sample is a total sampling of 51 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire. The validity test uses the product-moment correlation technique; the reliability test in GarutJayaraga Village is 20 elderly. Data analysis uses chi-square.The results of this study received as much support as 57% with a level of adherence to carrying out a diet of 55%, and categories that lacked family support 43% and who did not carry out dietary compliance 45%. Results of analysis Sig = 0.42 (a <0.05) means that HO is rejected and accepts H1. There is a relationship between family support and adherence in implementing a diet in the elderly with hypertension. The analysis also found a significant correlation value, with an equivalent odds ratio of 3,889, meaning families who support have the possibility of 3,889 times to comply with the hypertension diet program. Conclusion: There is a relationship between family support with adherence to implementing the diet.

Human Papilloma Virus, Squamous Cell Carcinoma Antigen and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor as Biological Markers in Sinonasal Inverted Papilloma

Ibrahim El- Dsoky; Abdelaleem Al- Gendy; Mohamed Shams Eldin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 107-116

Sinonasal inverted papilloma (SIP) has a recurrent tendency and potential for transformation into squamous cell carcinoma and is a locally aggressive benign tumor. In the progression from benign SIP to malignancy, human papillomavirus (HPV) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are suggested to play a major role. This work aims to assess their role as tumor marker in SIP. Immunohistochemical analysis for EGFR and PCR detection of HPV – DNA were estimated in nasal biopsies from 35 SIP, 35 NP and 30 control patientsv (turbinate surgery candidate). Serum SCCA1 was also assessed. HPV-DNA was detected as 63%, 8.6% and 0 % in SIP, NP, and control patients. EGFR intensity revealed statistically significant difference between SIP and other groups. Significant elevated serum SCCA level (6.14 ± 2.69 ng/ml) was found in SIP group, compared to 2.41 ± 1.12 ng/ml and 0.68 ± 0.25 ng/ml in NP and control group. There was a significant decrease of its level postoperatively. The sensitivity was 80.0 and the specificity was 93.8. These results may suggest SCCA and EGFR are possible reliable tumor markers in SIP monitoring and management. High prevalence of HPV-DNA points to its possible role as etiological factor for SIP.

The Content and Structure of Tele-physiotherapy module (i-TelePT) for the management of children with Cerebral Palsy in an inclusive educational settings: A Qualitative Study

Pardeep K. Pahwa; Shobha Sharma; Suresh Mani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 118-127

Background: Preliminary evidence showed that school-based therapeutic interventions as related services implemented by special educators under supervision of therapists proclaims effectiveness to prevent physical ailments in Cerebral Palsy children. Apparently,barriers addressed by special educators in delivering physiotherapy services hinder the progress of children in curricular & co-curricular activities. Assuming the barriers, special educators intercepted about substitutive technological therapeutic approach delineating content and module of novelty in terms of inclusive Telephysiotherapy (i-TelePT) to combat physical ailments in educational settings.

Significance of Complement factor and Immunoglobulin in Helicobacter pylori induced Gastric Cancer

PushpalakshmiGangadharan .; AnanthiSivagnanam .; SubekshaGovindaRajan Ravi; Chaitanya Vattem; Premkumar Karunakaran; Raja JeyaSekar R; Megala Jayaraman; Pushparaj Arunachalam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 128-142

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) still found to be the predominant cancer in Asia.There were very few reports which were focused on population specific biomarker studies with respect to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induced gastric cancer in India. Hence, we aimed to perform this biomarker study involving H. pylori positive and negative healthy serum samples in comparison with H. pylori positive gastric cancer samples.
Methods: We have adapted Proteome based approaches to identify serum biomarkers in our Indian population samples. For proteins separation and identification, 2D gel electrophoresis with tandem mass spectrometry approach was performed and thirty differentially regulated protein spots were analyzed.

Otorhinolaryngology Manifestations of Covid-19 Patients Short Title: ENT Manifestations of Covid-19

Shuaib Kayode AREMU

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 143-154

Objective: Our main aim is to review the published literature under the ENT manifestations in COVID19 positive patients having underlying causes. Materials and Methods: We have read about 45 peer-reviewed Elsevier, springer, wild pub, Jama network, British health magazine, Pub Med, Wiley's online booksellers, Karger journals, Europe PMC, new England newspaper, American Roentgen ology journal, and Nature's Public Health Emergency Series. We read about 45 peer-reviewed articles. The authors then summarized, collected, and analyzed the findings of research that met these criteria for inclusion and exclusion.

The effect on CT size-specific dose estimates of mis-positioning patientsfrom the iso-centre

Arif Jauhari; Choirul Anam; Mohd Hanafi Ali; William Ian Duncombe Rae; Siti Akbari; Tina Meilinda

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 155-164

This study evaluates the effect of mis-positioning of patients in relation to the iso-centre in CT examinations on the dose received by phantoms with various diameters. Phantoms with water-equivalent diameters (Dw) ranging from 8.5 cm to 42.1 cm were scanned using a GE Optima CT scanner with exposure factors as follows: 200 mA, 120 kVp, 1.375 Pitch, 50 cm field of view (FOV), 5 mm beam collimation, and 1 s rotation time. Doses were measured using the CT dose profiler (RTI Electronics). After obtaining doses in every hole of the phantoms, weighted doses were computed. It is found that the dose decreased with an increase in the Dw. The ratio of the doses when positioned off-centre by 2 cm and 4 cm with respect to the iso-centre have p-values of 0.914 and 0.919, which shows no significant difference (p> 0.05).

Mapping of Research Output on Learning Disabilities: A Bibliometric Study

Dr.Akhtar Hussain; Mr.Mohammad Shakir Azad; Mr. Shakil Ahmad; Dr.Amrita Sahay; Dr.Nishat Fatima

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 165-185

This paper aims to analyze a bibliometric study mapping of research output on Learning Disabilities (LD). All articles relevant to LD research have been retrieved using the Web of Science (WoS) database. The journals’ impact factor was taken from the Journal Citation Report (JCR) of the 2019 edition (compiled by Clarivate Analytics) and referred to as IF2019. The Hirsch Index (h-Index) was collected from the database of the most productive writers and organizations. Bibliometric analysis and data matrixes for cocitation, linking, scientific collaboration analysis, co-word analysis, and visualizing bibliometric networks were used by many important bibliometric tools, such as Biblioshiny, ScientoPy, HistCite, BibExcel, and VOSViewer. 


Dr. AKSHAY DAGA BDS; Dr. Pavan Rathod

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 186-194

Facial Soft tissue and Hard tissue lacerations of the head and neck region are one of the most common consultations for oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the emergency department. Bite injuries to the aesthetic region like face , head and neck region can result in facial disfigurement with distressing physical, mental and psychological consequences of the patient. Animal bite wounds are most commonly occur on the upper extremities of the body , especially the hand, but some time large percentage are also located on the face as well as head region. The most frequently affected areas are the lips, chin, ears, and nose. It is particularly problematic if large areas of soft tissue in the head region are lost or amputated. An optimal aesthetic result sometimes can only be achieved by extensive surgery such as local flaps or microsurgical replantation. The aim of this study was to establish recommendations for treating animal bite wounds on the face and head based on analysis of our own cases and to discuss the problem of soft tissue loss. The clinical signs ad symptoms and proper management of infected animal bite wounds are vary according to the animals and causative organisms. These kinds of wounds have always been considered complex injuries contaminated with a unique bacteria. This article reviews various animal bite in maxillofacial region, incidence, bacterial implications, risk factors associated with bite injuries and their complications. Animal bite wounds are commonly located on the face, head and neck an oral and maxillofacial surgeon needs to be familiar with the treatment modalities of animal bites, and their various surgical management and educate patients on ways to avoid future bite injuries

Review of Psychosocial Risk Approach, Model and Theory

Dadan Erwandi; Fatma Lestari; Zulkifli Djunaidi; Herlina J. EL- Matury

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 195-214

Current psychosocial risk theories focus on different dimensions that it is necessary to understand each theory and approach to be able to adequately be analysed any psychosocial risk problem. Psychosocial hazards and risk, along with their relevant significant impacts, are often unrecognized by workers and management. This leads to increasing number of occupational accidents that are partly caused by psychosocial factors, in addition to physical, chemical, biological, and biomechanical factors. This review aims to obtain an in-depth understanding of the approaches/theories/models that are necessary to be able to comprehensively explain how psychosocial hazards and risk occur and their related impacts against workers in a workplace.


Angelin Beulah. S; Kartikay Kaul; Daksh Chauhan; Hepsiba Mabel. V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 215-231

Deep Neural Networks have demonstrated amazingly positive execution in the field of computer vision issues - object acknowledgment, discovery, and division. These techniques have been used in the clinical picture examination area. Convolutional neural systems (CNNs), a remarkable part of profound learning applications to visual purposes, have earned significant consideration in the most recent years because of its advanced exhibitions in computer vision applications. They have accomplished tremendous growth in the areas of object acknowledgment, recognition and division challenges. Our attention is on models being utilized, information pre-handling and readiness and fittingly preparing the subsequent information or picture. The U – Nets are a very powerful CNNs which has accuracy near to humans. We have created and exploited this CNN architecture, U-Net and have done image segmentation for the brain Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI). The
aim of our work is to fundamentally concentrate on the pre-processing of the MRI images, perform Skull Stripping using Deep CNN architecture U-Net and to perform image