Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Current Issue
Volume 8, Issue 3

Volume 8, Issue 3, Winter 2021

The effect of special exercises in learning some basic swimming skills in the context of the Corona pandemic

Rashwan Mohammed Jaafar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1-6

The importance of research to learn to swim in the shadow of the Corona pandemic came using special exercises to solve the problem of stopping learning to swim in order to eliminate the illiteracy of swimming and continue to learn the largest possible segment of the sex and groups of society. Through the preparation of special exercises
according to a training program studied and planned to learn to swim in doors and stay away from mixing and being in public areas under the virus corona pandemic. The objectives are to find an alternative teaching method using the exercises of the conditions of the virus pandemic (Coved 19) in developing some basic skills to learn to swim Fran research.

(The effect of saunas at different intervals in some biochemical variables for basketball players).

TahreerAlwanHosson .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 7-16

The research to saunas included their relationship in some biochemical variables, the removal of fatigue, and the importance of reducing the period ofrecovery during physical exertion, and identified the problem of research in finding some solutions, to get rid of the burdens of pregnancy on the organs of the body, as a result of the effort, including the use of saunas in different times, and the speed of returning the player to normal by quickly getting rid of the accumulations of fatigue representedby lactic acid and creatine enzyme, as well as the elimination of psychological effects on different organs of the body. Which is one of the priorities of the trainers, and the goal of the research to identify the effect of saunas in different times in somebiochemical variables (lactic acid, keriatine keynes), the researchers hypothesized the effect of saunas on a range of variables using different periods of time, while the research sample was the players of the specialized school / Diyala years (17-18) years, and the
results of the research were processed statistically by statistical transactions using the statistical right SPSS.

The effect of the strategy of information processing in learning some basic skills of swimming

Rashwan Mohammed Jaafar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 17-21

The strategies of processing information that swimmersuseto deal with, acquire, store and retrieve information, as the theoretical and practical aspect and the amount of interaction between them in order to develop the educational process and get better learning results in the basic skills of swimming, each learner of the swimmershas his own cognitive style that affects the way heprocesses information, andthat The problem of research lies in the use of theinformation processing strategy of creating the number of educational units that were insufficient for the vocabulary of teaching the skills of the competition, and the research aims to prepare the strategy of processing information in the learning of some basic skills of swimming, and used the experimental method of Pre and Postal testing of the experimental and control groups to suit the nature of the research, The search community has been identified as the players of Al-Azamiyah Club. For the 2019sportsseason, the number of (10 swimmers),where the sample of research was chosen in the manner of comprehensive inventory and divided the sample into two experimental groups and the control group and thereality (five swimmers)for each group and the applicationof the strategy of processing information and for eightweeks and the amount of three training units per week and the researcher used the statistical bag(spss)to process the data and the researcher reached the most important conclusions there a positive impact of the strategy of processing information in learningbasicskills.

Current Evaluation of patients with Laryngeal Carcinoma in Baqubb Teaching Hospital – Iraq.

Duraid H. Abid Alkadem; Nameer F. Gaeab; Manar Abd Alrazaq Hassan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 22-29

The larynx starts from the laryngeal inlet to the lower margin of the cricoid cartilage. (Burdett, 2011)It lies opposed the 3rd to 6th cervical vertebrae, being a slight higher in female than in male. The larynx can be divided anatomically into 3 regions, the supraglottis, glottis and subglottis by limitation of the false and true cords (Monnier, 2011).

The impact of a training program in the(repetitive) method in the development of pass skill for futsal players under the age of 19 years

Layth Ismael Ibrahim; Abduljabbar Kareem Allaw

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 30-38

The researcher addressed that the importance of the game of futsalfootball, as well as the diversity in the methods of play and its offensive and defensiverequirements, attributed this to the development and great progress that has been achieved in the field of training science and the distinguished position occupied by the game of football
and the development in the methods of playing the team in terms of the use of the best methods of training variety such ascontinuous training, repetitive, andvitreti, ring and others. The importance of the research lies in revealing the use of repetitive training exercises and their impact in the development of football passingfor the youth groupand the extent towhich the research benefits from the training of Diyala provincial clubs and youth forums in the Directorate of Youth and Sports Diyala. And the lack of attention and focus ontheperformance of the skill of passingin (last quarter) of the game time so that it is difficult for the players to perform technical duties, whichpromptedtheresearcherto enter into this problem.

The impact of the use of teaching technology in learning technical performance and accuracy of swimming skills

Rashwan Mohammed Jaafar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 39-44

The process of using educational technology has an effective role on the trainer that helpse in delivering the basic skills of the game to the player, and through the field visits made by the researcher to the specialized school to care for talent it became necessary to introduce new teaching aids such as the use of educational technology with
superior technology of swimming skills that need great control during learning and motor performance,through which it is Explaining and clarifying the basic skills to be learned, and providing immediate feedback that will enhance the informationofthelearner, the research aims to prepare the strategy of using educational technology in thescience of technical performance and accuracy of swimming skills, and usedthe researcher the experimental method of preand post testing of the experimental and control groups to suit the nature of the research, The research community has identified swimming players for the Specialized School of Gifted Care of the Ministry of Youth and Sports for the 2020 sports season. The sample of the research was selected in a comprehensive inventory method and the sample was divided into two experimental groups and the control group and the reality (six players)for each group and the strategy of using educational technologyfor eight weeks and the reality of three training units per week and the researcher used the statistical bag(spss)to process the data and the researcher reached the most important conclusions there positive effect notstrategy the use of educational technology in thescienceof technical performance and accuracy of swimming skills.

Plasma mediated treatment along with Interferon β mechanism for symptomatic Covid 19/20 treatment and generation of asymptomatic conditions for Covid 19/20 with contrast to IBV Avian virus.

Pratik Nandi Dippyoman Guha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 45-54

Covid 19 virus has shown its terror by causing severe acute respiratory disorder of human being’s effects shows a type of viral pneumonia. To address the anomaly the paper caries the motive encountering the viral infection with the help of interferon type 1 β. A basic discussion of effective INFβ1 and its introduction in the effective cells by Corona virus, plasma mediated delivery system along with development of asymptomatic conditions in non-affected individual. The plasma therapy considers plasma transfusion into effected individuals to boost their immunity against Corona virus. The plasma consists of antibodies, antigens as well as interferon to mediate with the viral infection and providing high effective rate. Satisfying these 2 goals was the basic motto of the paper along with a generation of asymptomatic condition in effected individuals. IBV (infectious bronchitis virus) is a type of influenza virus which has structural, genomic as well as symptomatic similarities with corona virus. Vaccination of non-effected individuals with IBV vac may allow to address the symptomatic similarities of Corona virus such as fever and breathing troubles. The generation of active immunity may render the extent of symptoms allowing persons to remain asymptomatic against the Corona infection. The study of structural phylogenomic of IBV along with Corona virus, and a contrast of similarities to support the asymptomatic postulates of the infected individuals has been explained.

A Review on Role of Aquatic Organisms As Bioindicator on Aquatic Ecosystem Due To Lead(Pb) And Cadmium(Cd) Pollution

Dr. Suchismita Chatterjee Saha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 55-62

The biosphere is the living objects’ natural world. It includes the planet and comprises surface portions of the lithosphere, the body and the hydrosphere. For species to live in the atmosphere, a reasonably homeostatic condition is important. To track any abnormal transition due to economic advancement and consequential growth of civilization, this includes the analysis of the chemical composition of air, water, and soil. Over the last few decades, the volume of water waste worldwide has risen. One of the most important water contamination sources is the application of extremely hazardous and non-degradable heavy metals (such as Lead, Cadmium, etc.) The effect on marine ecosystems is very fantastic. These heavy metals are taken explicitly from the water by water creatures, and indirectly by other animals belonging to the food chains. Since heavy metal ingestion is involved, certain physiological modifications are happening within the heavy metals such as reduction in growth and developmental defects and reduction in survival. Some organisms such as the Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) are used for calculation of heavy metal emissions as bioindicators and biomonitors. The purpose of this study is to discuss the significance of this organism in observing both the volume and quality aspects in relation to heavy metals, particularly lead and cadmium, in the water bodies' surroundings and how this heavy metal exposure can be avoided or managed.

A Causal Influence Model of Innovation and Digital Marketing on the Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Performance in Thailand

Wiriya Boonmalert; Chitpong Ayasanond; Bunyaporn Phoothong; Thun Chaitorn

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 63-72

The objective of this research is to (1) study the components of innovation and digital marketing that affect the small and medium enterprises (SME) performance (2) analyze the influence of innovation and digital marketing that affects the SME performance (3) study the SME performance development model. In this mixed research, there were nine key informants and 460 questionnaires were used. The statistics used were percentage, mean, standard deviation, frequency, Pearson correlation coefficient, percentage, mean, standard deviation, survey factor analysis, and analysis of structural equation model. Found that there are three components of innovation, three components of digital marketing, and SME performance has two components. The model shows that innovation has a direct influence on SME performance, innovation has a direct influence on digital marketing, digital marketing has a direct influence on SME performance, and innovation has an indirect influence on SME performance

The Quality of Life (QOL) Development for Thai Elderly in Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand

Bunyaporn Phoothong; Chitpong Ayasanond; Wiriya Boonmalert; Thun Chaitorn

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 73-82

This research aims to 1) study the quality of life (QOL) level development according to characteristics of Thai elderly demography 2) study the different levels of Thai elderly QOL and 3) study the relationship between QOL development and Thai elderly QOL in Nakhon Pathom province. Mixed methods research was used in this study. The sample consisted of 400 Thai elderlyby using questionnaires and statistics used. The data analyzed were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation. The statistical t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient were determined. Found that 1) the QOL improvement, the overall picture is at a high level, social support had the highest average, followed by environmental management, participation and health promotion 2) the elderly QOL, the environment was at a high level, followed by social, psychological, and physical relationships 3) overall QOL improvement was positively related to the elderly QOL according to the statistical significance assumptions at the level. 01 and 4) from the municipal administrators of Nakhon Pathom province interviewing, found that the QOL improvement in various areas municipality affecting the elderly QOL when the elderly are developed, they will have a better QOL

Attitude towards Teaching Profession of Graduate Levels Students in the State of West Bengal, India

Ranajit Dhara; Arup Barik; Dr. Amarnath Das; Dr. Nandini Banerjee

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 83-98

In the present study, the investigators have tried to study what kind of Attitude of Graduate Students towards Teaching Profession and to find out the Graduate Level Students concerning their level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession on the basics of Category. The investigators have applied the Descriptive Survey type method for the present study. The investigators used self-made questionnaires on Attitude towards Teaching Profession. The overall results of the study explored that the level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession is being Moderate in West Bengal, India and Female Students was comparatively more favorable attitude than the Male Graduate Students towards Teaching Profession as well as Urban Graduate Students is comparatively more positive attitude towards Teaching Profession. It is indicated that there is a no significant difference among the Graduate Level Students with respect to their level of Attitude towards Teaching Profession on the basis of Category, Streams.


Nina Sumarni; Citra WindaniMambang Sari; Dadang Purnama

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 99-106

Family support plays an essential role in understanding lifestyle changes associated with chronic illness, changes needed to help sick members. Family support for patients with hypertension can improve health, and intensive support can reduce pain and help carry out a more disciplined diet program to be maximized. Low adherence to treatment makes it difficult to control his blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between family support and commitment in implementing a diet program for elderly Hypertension in Muarasanding Village, Garut Regency.The type of correlative descriptive study that describes the relationship of family support with hypertension diet compliance. This study's population is hypertension sufferers in the Muara Sanding village located in the SiliwangiGarut Health Center working area. The sample is a total sampling of 51 respondents. The instrument used was a questionnaire. The validity test uses the product-moment correlation technique; the reliability test in GarutJayaraga Village is 20 elderly. Data analysis uses chi-square.The results of this study received as much support as 57% with a level of adherence to carrying out a diet of 55%, and categories that lacked family support 43% and who did not carry out dietary compliance 45%. Results of analysis Sig = 0.42 (a <0.05) means that HO is rejected and accepts H1. There is a relationship between family support and adherence in implementing a diet in the elderly with hypertension. The analysis also found a significant correlation value, with an equivalent odds ratio of 3,889, meaning families who support have the possibility of 3,889 times to comply with the hypertension diet program. Conclusion: There is a relationship between family support with adherence to implementing the diet.

Human Papilloma Virus, Squamous Cell Carcinoma Antigen and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor as Biological Markers in Sinonasal Inverted Papilloma

Ibrahim El- Dsoky; Abdelaleem Al- Gendy; Mohamed Shams Eldin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 107-116

Sinonasal inverted papilloma (SIP) has a recurrent tendency and potential for transformation into squamous cell carcinoma and is a locally aggressive benign tumor. In the progression from benign SIP to malignancy, human papillomavirus (HPV) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are suggested to play a major role. This work aims to assess their role as tumor marker in SIP. Immunohistochemical analysis for EGFR and PCR detection of HPV – DNA were estimated in nasal biopsies from 35 SIP, 35 NP and 30 control patientsv (turbinate surgery candidate). Serum SCCA1 was also assessed. HPV-DNA was detected as 63%, 8.6% and 0 % in SIP, NP, and control patients. EGFR intensity revealed statistically significant difference between SIP and other groups. Significant elevated serum SCCA level (6.14 ± 2.69 ng/ml) was found in SIP group, compared to 2.41 ± 1.12 ng/ml and 0.68 ± 0.25 ng/ml in NP and control group. There was a significant decrease of its level postoperatively. The sensitivity was 80.0 and the specificity was 93.8. These results may suggest SCCA and EGFR are possible reliable tumor markers in SIP monitoring and management. High prevalence of HPV-DNA points to its possible role as etiological factor for SIP.

The Content and Structure of Tele-physiotherapy module (i-TelePT) for the management of children with Cerebral Palsy in an inclusive educational settings: A Qualitative Study

Pardeep K. Pahwa; Shobha Sharma; Suresh Mani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 118-127

Background: Preliminary evidence showed that school-based therapeutic interventions as related services implemented by special educators under supervision of therapists proclaims effectiveness to prevent physical ailments in Cerebral Palsy children. Apparently,barriers addressed by special educators in delivering physiotherapy services hinder the progress of children in curricular & co-curricular activities. Assuming the barriers, special educators intercepted about substitutive technological therapeutic approach delineating content and module of novelty in terms of inclusive Telephysiotherapy (i-TelePT) to combat physical ailments in educational settings.

Significance of Complement factor and Immunoglobulin in Helicobacter pylori induced Gastric Cancer

PushpalakshmiGangadharan .; AnanthiSivagnanam .; SubekshaGovindaRajan Ravi; Chaitanya Vattem; Premkumar Karunakaran; Raja JeyaSekar R; Megala Jayaraman; Pushparaj Arunachalam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 128-142

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) still found to be the predominant cancer in Asia.There were very few reports which were focused on population specific biomarker studies with respect to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induced gastric cancer in India. Hence, we aimed to perform this biomarker study involving H. pylori positive and negative healthy serum samples in comparison with H. pylori positive gastric cancer samples.
Methods: We have adapted Proteome based approaches to identify serum biomarkers in our Indian population samples. For proteins separation and identification, 2D gel electrophoresis with tandem mass spectrometry approach was performed and thirty differentially regulated protein spots were analyzed.

Otorhinolaryngology Manifestations of Covid-19 Patients Short Title: ENT Manifestations of Covid-19

Shuaib Kayode AREMU

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 143-154

Objective: Our main aim is to review the published literature under the ENT manifestations in COVID19 positive patients having underlying causes. Materials and Methods: We have read about 45 peer-reviewed Elsevier, springer, wild pub, Jama network, British health magazine, Pub Med, Wiley's online booksellers, Karger journals, Europe PMC, new England newspaper, American Roentgen ology journal, and Nature's Public Health Emergency Series. We read about 45 peer-reviewed articles. The authors then summarized, collected, and analyzed the findings of research that met these criteria for inclusion and exclusion.

The effect on CT size-specific dose estimates of mis-positioning patientsfrom the iso-centre

Arif Jauhari; Choirul Anam; Mohd Hanafi Ali; William Ian Duncombe Rae; Siti Akbari; Tina Meilinda

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 155-164

This study evaluates the effect of mis-positioning of patients in relation to the iso-centre in CT examinations on the dose received by phantoms with various diameters. Phantoms with water-equivalent diameters (Dw) ranging from 8.5 cm to 42.1 cm were scanned using a GE Optima CT scanner with exposure factors as follows: 200 mA, 120 kVp, 1.375 Pitch, 50 cm field of view (FOV), 5 mm beam collimation, and 1 s rotation time. Doses were measured using the CT dose profiler (RTI Electronics). After obtaining doses in every hole of the phantoms, weighted doses were computed. It is found that the dose decreased with an increase in the Dw. The ratio of the doses when positioned off-centre by 2 cm and 4 cm with respect to the iso-centre have p-values of 0.914 and 0.919, which shows no significant difference (p> 0.05).

Mapping of Research Output on Learning Disabilities: A Bibliometric Study

Dr.Akhtar Hussain; Mr.Mohammad Shakir Azad; Mr. Shakil Ahmad; Dr.Amrita Sahay; Dr.Nishat Fatima

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 165-185

This paper aims to analyze a bibliometric study mapping of research output on Learning Disabilities (LD). All articles relevant to LD research have been retrieved using the Web of Science (WoS) database. The journals’ impact factor was taken from the Journal Citation Report (JCR) of the 2019 edition (compiled by Clarivate Analytics) and referred to as IF2019. The Hirsch Index (h-Index) was collected from the database of the most productive writers and organizations. Bibliometric analysis and data matrixes for cocitation, linking, scientific collaboration analysis, co-word analysis, and visualizing bibliometric networks were used by many important bibliometric tools, such as Biblioshiny, ScientoPy, HistCite, BibExcel, and VOSViewer. 


Dr. AKSHAY DAGA BDS; Dr. Pavan Rathod

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 186-194

Facial Soft tissue and Hard tissue lacerations of the head and neck region are one of the most common consultations for oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the emergency department. Bite injuries to the aesthetic region like face , head and neck region can result in facial disfigurement with distressing physical, mental and psychological consequences of the patient. Animal bite wounds are most commonly occur on the upper extremities of the body , especially the hand, but some time large percentage are also located on the face as well as head region. The most frequently affected areas are the lips, chin, ears, and nose. It is particularly problematic if large areas of soft tissue in the head region are lost or amputated. An optimal aesthetic result sometimes can only be achieved by extensive surgery such as local flaps or microsurgical replantation. The aim of this study was to establish recommendations for treating animal bite wounds on the face and head based on analysis of our own cases and to discuss the problem of soft tissue loss. The clinical signs ad symptoms and proper management of infected animal bite wounds are vary according to the animals and causative organisms. These kinds of wounds have always been considered complex injuries contaminated with a unique bacteria. This article reviews various animal bite in maxillofacial region, incidence, bacterial implications, risk factors associated with bite injuries and their complications. Animal bite wounds are commonly located on the face, head and neck an oral and maxillofacial surgeon needs to be familiar with the treatment modalities of animal bites, and their various surgical management and educate patients on ways to avoid future bite injuries

Review of Psychosocial Risk Approach, Model and Theory

Dadan Erwandi; Fatma Lestari; Zulkifli Djunaidi; Herlina J. EL- Matury

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 195-214

Current psychosocial risk theories focus on different dimensions that it is necessary to understand each theory and approach to be able to adequately be analysed any psychosocial risk problem. Psychosocial hazards and risk, along with their relevant significant impacts, are often unrecognized by workers and management. This leads to increasing number of occupational accidents that are partly caused by psychosocial factors, in addition to physical, chemical, biological, and biomechanical factors. This review aims to obtain an in-depth understanding of the approaches/theories/models that are necessary to be able to comprehensively explain how psychosocial hazards and risk occur and their related impacts against workers in a workplace.


Angelin Beulah. S; Kartikay Kaul; Daksh Chauhan; Hepsiba Mabel. V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 215-231

Deep Neural Networks have demonstrated amazingly positive execution in the field of computer vision issues - object acknowledgment, discovery, and division. These techniques have been used in the clinical picture examination area. Convolutional neural systems (CNNs), a remarkable part of profound learning applications to visual purposes, have earned significant consideration in the most recent years because of its advanced exhibitions in computer vision applications. They have accomplished tremendous growth in the areas of object acknowledgment, recognition and division challenges. Our attention is on models being utilized, information pre-handling and readiness and fittingly preparing the subsequent information or picture. The U – Nets are a very powerful CNNs which has accuracy near to humans. We have created and exploited this CNN architecture, U-Net and have done image segmentation for the brain Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI). The
aim of our work is to fundamentally concentrate on the pre-processing of the MRI images, perform Skull Stripping using Deep CNN architecture U-Net and to perform image


Gade Vandana J; Gawande Rachana S; Raut Ambar W; Kale Purva P; Barapatre Pooja; Raksha Kusumbe

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 232-243

Background: Over the last decade, adhesive dentistry has been expanding at a rapid rate. Universal bonding agent and eighth-generation bonding agent are widespread in dentistry today. Saliva is the main contaminant in oral cavity which hinder the bonding. Aim: To evaluate the influence of saliva decontamination technique on the shear bond strength of fiber reinforced core build up material to dentin using ‘universal’ adhesive and ‘eighth-generation’ adhesive. Materials and Methods: Total sixty freshly extracted premolars were randomly distributed into two separate groups of adhesives. Group A- 3M Scotchbond Universal adhesive (3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA) and Group B - Futurabond DC (Voco, Germany). Samples were again subdivided into three subgroups (n=10): subgroup-1 Control (without contamination), subgroup-2 Contamination, subgroup-3 Decontamination. Samples were restored with short fiber reinforced composite restoration. Universal Testing machine was used to evaluate the Shear Bond Strength (SBS). Statistical analysis: The obtained data were examined statistically using one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey’s post-hoc test HSD test (p<0.05)Results: Group B shown statistically higher mean shear bond strength compared to Group A  (p<0.05). In both adhesive groups, maximum mean shear bond strength was obtained in subgroup-1 whereas the lowermost mean shear bond strength was seen in subgroup-2. Conclusion: Salivary contamination significantly affects the shear bond strength (SBS) of short fiber reinforced composite to dentin using universal adhesive and eighth generation self-etch adhesive. Bond strength significantly improved after reapplication of bonding agent.

Assessment of irrigated lands in the soil climate of the Bukhara oasis

Artikova Hafiza Tuymurodovna; Sattorova Mahfuza Muhiddinnovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 244-255

The resource that grows agricultural products is the soils of this country and will
always need to be registered and evaluated. Soil quality assessment is a comparative
assessment of soil quality and natural fertility when agricultural crops are at a moderate level.
Soil valuation is carried out taking into account the soil properties and characteristics, which
in many respects are related to crop yields. The assessment of soil quality takes into account
the main properties and natural conditions of soils: genetic origin of soils, mechanical
composition, humus content, salinity, erosion, stonyness, gypsum and other natural factors.


Boychaeva N.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 256-259

This article is about the national music of harmoniously developed generations. The aim is to educate through our heritage. Music, song, study of national heritage, appreciation of values, use of classical literature in reviving national antiquity, customs, traditions, effective use of ghazals, sharia, and analysis and research of classical songs,
musical spiritual organization of events

Barriers to proper sharing of cardiovascular rehabilitation services in Egypt: cross-sectional interphysiotherapist study

Hady Atef, Ph.D., PT; Abdullah Magdy, B.Sc., PT; Said A. Mohamed; Ali Mohamed Ali Ismail, Ph.D., PT; AHMED MAMDOUH ABD AL-KADER Ph.D., PT

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 260-271

Introduction: Besides the little governmental financial support and the few scattered clinical settings of cardiovascular rehabilitation (CVR) in Egypt, there is no continuous education and/or involvement of the Egyptian physiotherapists (EPs) in the field of CVR. This cross-sectional survey aimed to determine the barriers preventing the proper implementation of EPs in the CVR program/team. Methods:Throughout 13 Egyptian cities, a soft copy of a questionnaire - developed by authors - was sent to 330 EPs who were at least in contact with cardiac patients in the different Egyptian hospitals.Results: Out of 281 respondents, 85.9 % were not familiar with the meaning and presence of an accredited CVR program from the European Society of Cardiology in Egypt, 72.9 % didn't worked before in CVR, 49.8% justified the non-engagement of EPs in CVR programs due to the disqualified and/or disvalued role of physiotherapy when compared with the medical one, and 87% recommended the need for more  education and training to be involved in the CVR team. Conclusion: Urgent institutional and organizational strategies are critically needed in the Egyptian field of physiotherapyto enhance the role of EPs in the CVR team via theoretical and practical educational programs/courses under the supervision of local and/or international experts.

The Impact of COVID-19 in the Procedure of Religious-Worship and Social Life, In Islamic View

Muhammad Fuad Zain; Hasanudin .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 272-278

This article discusses the effects of a coronavirus pandemic in social life. Coronavirus is a global problem that has yet to be resolved until now, it has changed behavior in life, especially in the procedure of religious-worship and social life. The author find that the differences in understanding and attitude related to COVID-19 was caused by knowledge and mental readiness. So the case of COVID-19 corpse will not occur if they have understood and readiness even though it is clear that the coronavirus has changed the way of worship and social life.

The Role of Oncology Pharmacists in optimizing patient care in Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia

Bedanta Bhattacharjee; Bhargab Deka; Nasima Ahmed; Bonti Sonowal; Arzoo Newar; Ashique Ahmed; Abu Md Ashif Ikbal; Amlanjyoti Rajkhowa; Alakesh Bharali; Gargi Das; Ritu Bharti; Ripon Sinha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 279-292

Immune thrombocytopenia or ITP is an autoimmune disorder in which the body creates autoantibodies against its thrombocytes or platelets that are destroyed, resulting in purpura or minor bleeding spots under the surface. It is most often found in cancer patients and is of growing concern.While the main causes of thrombocytopenia in cancer pat ients are chemotherapy and radiation, other aetiologies should also be considered in patients suffering
 from this debilitating disease. Thrombocytopenia causes a variety of complications in the treatment of cancer patients and therefore pharmacists need to be familiar with epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnostic methods, and emerging therapeutic options for chronic immune thrombocytopenia to help oncologists identify and implement realistic treatment measures for chronic immune thrombocytopenia patients undergoing cancer treatment.The objective of this review is to provide a brief overview of chronic immune thrombocytopenia and various strategies for the clinical management of the disease.

Bayesian inference and Internet of Things based plant health care

Asha G Hagargund

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 293-302

Advancements in the Internet of things (IoT) enable us to monitor and maintain a variety of devices in various sectors. Based on the literature available, we have found that there are umpteen IoT based methods proposed for plant health care involving hardware interfacing like sensors, micro-controllers, and cameras. The existing solutions also make use of mobile applications, webservers, data-base for processing of information. This paper presents a novel and simple costeffective Bayesian theorem based plant-health-care using sensors interfaced with raspberry pi. Our solution also provides users to watch and water the plant remotely, using a smart-phone via webserver. We have considered rose plant’s favourable environmental factors for maintaining its health.


Ravi S; Ferin Fathima; Pradeep S; I.Girish kumar; Bosy Thankam Mathew

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 303-312

Oral hygiene maintenance is usually more strenuous in patients undergoing orthodontic therapy as food lodgement occurs in between bands and brackets . Within a month of treatment this can lead to loss of mineral content of enamel. Preventive measures along with reinforcement and clinical evaluation is necessary. Mineral loss can occur before a white spot becomes visible on the enamel surface. Loss of minerals usually diagnosed by the clinicianwith visual evaluation alone cannot identify the mineral loss. This article attempts to identify and evaluate QLF as a diagnostic apparatus to detect white spot lesions and as a oral hygiene reinforcement reinforcement tool. A QLF apparatus consists of a DSLR camera along with filters and lighting to produce images

“Breast cancer trends in a Tertiary Care Teaching Institute of South India”

Dr. M Bala Vikas Kumar; Dr. Venkat Rao Boinapally

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 313-318

Introduction: The Incidence of breast cancer has been found to increase gradually especially among younger women. This could be due to two reasons first is it may be reflecting the true incidence of the tendency of younger women to develop breast cancer or second could be due to increasing awareness and availability of modern screening methods which has led to the detection of cancers in early ages. Methods: We in this cross-sectional study screened n=125 women for breast cancer at RVM Institute of Medical Sciences, Mulugu, Telangana from January 2019 to Dec 2019. A total of n=120 cases were screened for breast cancer. Results: Out of n=125 women screened n=21 cases were detected with breast cancers.The incidence rate was calculated as 21%.Out of the total n=21 cases, n=7(33.33%) cases were found to malignant, n=14(66.67%) cases were benign lesions. Among the malignant lesions diagnosed the Invasive duct cell carcinoma was found in 71.43% of out of the total n = 7 cases of malignancy. In non-neoplastic lesions out of n=14 cases, fibroadenoma was diagnosed in 38.09% cases, followed by proliferative breast disease with atypia 14.28% and Phyllods in 9.52% cases. Conclusion: There is an urgent need for organized breast cancer screening programs especially in rural areas. A multidisciplinary approach is required to create awareness, screening, detection, and treatment. This can help reduce the incidence and mortality in cases of breast cancers.

Vestibular Physiology andTesting Approached

Dr. Basel Samman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 319-330

Balance disturbancesand Vestibular testingareamong of the most encountering issuesin the ENT clinic. Vertigo and balance disorders affect 30% of the general population before the age of 65 years.With the elderly it is a serious condition as fall is a major causeof death , the percentage in this age groupis higher and it is estimated that 33% of aged between 65 and 75 with no history of Vestibular dysfunction encounter a significant fall annually, comparing to 40% of the people aged over 75. Early detection and intervention in these cases can improve the quality of life, as well as decrease the disability and reduce the health care costs (1).

The Predictive Value of Oral Nicorandil on Contrast Induced Nephropathy in Patients with Renal Insufficiency Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization in Non ST Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome

Ayman Ahmed Seleim Msc; Osama Mohamed Hassan MD; Ahmed Shawky El-serafy MD.; Ahmed Ibrahim El-Desoky MD

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 331-351

CIN leads to increased morbidity, prolonged hospital stay and thereby, more health care costs. The incidence of CIN varies from 2% to 30%. Fortunately, most cases can be completely reversed within two to four weeks. The optimal therapeutics used to prevent and CIN remains unclear. The main objective of the current study is to assess the effect of oral Nicorandil on the occurrence of CIN in patients with renal insufficiency undergoing cardiac catheterization in NSTEACS

How Behavioral Change Wheel Strength Self-Control in Health Behaviors?

Saeed Hameed Aldulaimi; Marwan Mohamed Abdeldayem

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 352-367

The purpose of this study is to develop a planned intervention in the health care sector in Bahrain to improve the self-control of healthcare employees by using the Behavioral Change Wheel (BCW) anew method for characterizing and designing behavior change. Hence, the study applies a longitudinal methodology to the healthcare sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain for a sample of 64 participants from November 2019 to January 2020. The procedures of this planned change task occupy three stages, based on Kurt Lewin change field theory: Stage 1 (pre-assessment of employees’self-control using the Brief Self Control Scale (BSCS) questionnaire);Stage 2: planned intervention employing the BCW as a new method of change): and Stage 3 (post assessment by repeating the self-control measurement, and comparing the new results with the previous ones). The findings reveal that the 13Items of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) provided different results over the three stages of the study. In Stage 1 (pre-assessment) the level of self-control level was low, but had improved in stage 3 (post-assessment). This is original research that adds to the body of knowledge by developing and validating a new model in changing human behavior, i.e. the change behavior stages(CBS) model. Practically, this study is the only one of its kind to apply the Brief Self Control Scale (BSCS) and the BCW in the health sector. The BCW has been alsoconfirmed as a “valid” and “reliable” instrument that can be used by future researchers to improve human behavior in organizations.

Innovative aspects of reforming higher education in a new stage of development of Uzbekistan

KhakimovNazarKhakimovich .; RakhimshikovaMavludaKarimzhanovna .; SadikovAnvarKarimovich .; JamalovaGulnaraGulyamovna .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 368-380

The authors of the article investigated the innovative aspects of reforming higher education in a new stage of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The article emphasizes the role of the process of training competitive specialists in the successful implementation of democratic reforms and the development of civil society. The authors of the article made an attempt to reveal the mission of higher education in society, the tasks of universities in training qualified personnel for bachelors and masters and the importance of specialists for the socio-economic structures of the country in the process of deepening the market economy. In the context of the country's modernization, highly qualified personnel perform an important mission in the process of socio-economic policy, ensuring the improvement of the quality of products and the country's entry into international communities. University graduates carry out a social mission in implementing democratic reforms, ensuring human rights, and educating the younger generation in society


Dr. Amitha J Lewis MDS; Dr. Shakthi Dorai MDS; Dr. Karen Boaz MDS; Dr. Srikant N MDS; Dr. Mohan Baliga MDS; Dr. Dharnappa Poojary MDS; Dr. Ankita Sharma MDS

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 381-389

Desmoplastic ameloblastoma (DA) a rare type of ameloblastoma, arises from the rests of dental lamina, developing enamel organ, epithelial lining of odontogenic cyst or from the basal cells of the oral mucosa. Clinically, DA develops as a slow growing, painless, bony hard swelling resulting in facial asymmetry. Histologically, it represents stromal collagenization or desmoplasia with small nests and strands of odontogenic epithelium. But the true biologic profile of DA is not well understood as they mimic fibro-osseous lesions clinico-radiographically. As DA is a rare entity,we aim to discuss three case reports of DA from a single institution which deserves pre-eminence owing to its distinct site, radiological and histological features, local aggressiveness and high chance of false clinical appearance. Desmoplasia is an inductive phenomenon occurring in the mesenchymal tissue of the head and neck region. The pathologist and the clinician should be aware of the concepts and the association with malignant transformation and spread of the lesion in order to deliver appropriate treatment.

Optical Absorption Based Transducer Enabled Optical Fiber Refractive Index Sensor Operating at the Temperature Range of 10oC to 60oC

Dr. S. Venkateswara Rao, S. Srinivasulu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 390-403

Several transducers have been demonstrated to determine the refractive index of liquids either dark or transparent in the past few decades. In the present work a novel optical absorption based U-shaped glass probe sensor has been developed to study the refractive index of various liquids in the temperature range between 10oC to 60oC using Toluene and Acetonitrile mixtures at a source wavelength of 660nm. The sensitivity of the sensor also studied, by increasing the length of interaction between the light transmitting through the U-shaped glass rod and the analyte at the region of the sensing. The variation of the output power was observed to be a function of the optical absorption related change in refractive index of the analyte around the glass rod. The output power data related to different interaction lengths reveals that, as the length of interaction increases, the output power decreases. The investigation on temperature dependent variation of refractive index was carried out, and the results show that higher is the temperature of the active medium around the glass rod, lower is the refractive index and hence greater is the output power. The sensor is calibrated with respect to refractive index and output power at operating range of temperatures between 10oC and 60oC. With the help of this sensor a response time as short as the measurement precision of the order of 8 10-6 can be obtained.
Keywords: Acetonitrile, Active medium, Analyte, Refractive index, Source wavelength of 660nm, Toluene, U-shaped glass probe sensor.

Organometric, structural and substructural changes in spleen in terms of experimental colon adenocarcinonoma development

Yurii Soroka .; Iryna Andriichuk; Solomiia Kramar; Iryna Shepet; Zoia Nebesna; Petro Bodnar; Zoriana Vivchar; Yaroslav Bodnar; Oksana Shevchuk; Mykhaylo Korda; Nataliya Lisnychuk

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 404-419

Cancer immunology still has many paradoxical questions. One is of the role of the spleen in oncogenesis as well as its own structural reorganization effect on antitumor immunity. Literary data is contradictory and often radically opposite. Therefore, we conducted organometric studies and found out that at the time of pathohistological confirmation of adenocarcinoma in situ in the colon the spleen significantly decreases in size and loses weight. Histologically, deep destructive and degenerative changes in all components of the organ were found: fibrosis, degeneration and destruction of lymphoid tissue, focal zones of destruction in the red pulp. Submicroscopic analysis revealed the presence of lymphocytes with signs of apoptosis in the mantle and periarterial zones. In the white pulp, changes in part of the plasmatic cells were observed: a decrease in the size of the nuclei, damaged GER tubules and mitochondrial cristae. The severity of structural disorders of the spleen increases in the dynamics of the neoplastic lesion development.



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 420-425

The study is fully related for the entire product to be produced only on the basis consumer and customers. The product all are needed in his personal use and also the retail purpose, but most of the consumer must to concentrate for the personal promotion. The promotion performance is based on the experience goods in the present society. Consumer is always the important assets in the marketing field; the selling targets must to be fulfilled only by the hands of consumers/customers. The study contained the scope, objectives, and limitations of the study. The table values are prepared on the basis of Chi-Square test, and the findings, suggestions and conclusion of the study.

Quantitation of HIV1 RNA viral load and its correlation with CD4 cell count in Hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus co-infected patients attending RIMS hospital Imphal

Dr. Sougrakpam ratna; Dr. Ngangom lilavati; Dr. H. Rebachandra singh; Dr. Khumanthem Shailendra Singh; Dr. Arunoday Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 426-436

Background: HCV-HIV co- infection leads to more rapid progression to cirrhosis, end stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma but some literature opined that overall survival of HIV positive persons is not affected by the presence of HCV.This study was conducted with he objective to quantify HIV1 RNA viral load in HIV-AIDS coinfected individuals & its correlation with CD4 cell count.

Comparison of B lymphocyte effects of laparoscopic versus open prostatectomy in prostate cancer patients.

Paulius Bosas; Gintaras Zaleskis; Bret Andrew Hudson; Feliksas Jankevicius; Vita Pasukoniene

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 437-441

The preoperative B-cell counts (CD 19+) appeared to be more reduced by laparoscopic prostatectomy when compared with open surgery. These findings are important because accumulating evidence suggest that the B-cell subsets emerged in response to prostate cancer exhibit association with unfavorable prognosis. High per cent of B- cells infiltrating tumor were shown to be associated with more aggressive disease. The B-cell depleting therapies used with different prostatectomy settings should be closely monitored to make timely adjustments to peripheral CD19+ counts


Dr.Rashmi Jawalekar; Dr: Rana Chikhale; Dr.Eshita Jaiswal; Dr. Aman khan; Dr.Akanksha Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 442-453

INTRODUCTION: Oral environment promotes corrosion of metallic components of orthodontic appliance, which leads to release of metals from metallic component causing relevant health threat. AIM: This study is planned to evaluate and compare the release of metal ions from NiTi and Titanium Molybdenum Alloy (TMA) Orthodontic arch wire. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 10 wires each of NiTi and TMA will be incubated in simulated oral environment in artificial saliva for 90 days. After incubation, artificial saliva will be collected and subjected to analytical procedure using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Data will be subjected to statistical analysis.

LGBM Classifier based Technique for Predicting Type-2 Diabetes

B. Shamreen Ahamed; Dr. Meenakshi Sumeet Arya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 454-467

In today’s world, Diabetes Mellitus is a disease, that is considered to be an extensive noncommunicable disease which has a great effect our day to day living. In the 21st century, changes in natural life style and labor culture are some of the main reasons for India to have 62 million diabetic cases as of today. Analytical Computational Techniques can be applied on clinical immense data, the enormous quantity of data produced in the healthcare schemes, there is a option to form medicinal intelligence which will initiative medical forecast andpredicting in future. By advancing medical intelligence and with the help of development model, prediction and detection of diabetes disease can be done. With the increase in complexity to the problems, the accuracy percentage also varies. LGBM - Light Gradient Boosting Algorithm is one such algorithm that can be used as it depends on decision tree algorithms and it can be used in predicting the accuracy to attain the desired results. With the
existing PIMA Indian Dataset the accuracy is calculated as 95.20% using LGBM Algorithm . Therefore by using the LGBM classifiers, we can develop a data model for diabetes detection and prediction.

Eminent role of Nanotechnology in Detection, Diagnosis and treatment to Combat COVID-19

Sanjeev Kumar; Sapna Jain; Bhawna Lamba

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 468-484

Today world is facing huge challenge to combat spread and death cause due to novel corona virus (COVID-19). This infectious disease cause tremendous amount of damage to human population medically as well as economically. COVID -19 also affected badly on education worldwide. Until date, no evident treatment or vaccine has been suggested for the treatment of COVID-19. Doctors are using different combination of antiviral medicines. They also using plasma therapy. The only way to prevent oneself is to maintain social distancing, proper hygiene and wear mask. Nanotechnology can play very important role in combating COVID- 19. Nanoparticle can be used in Nanomedicine. It can also coat or spray on mask or PPE kit for protection. It has also used for early detection of Covid 19 patients. The present paper aim to present comprehensive role of nanotechnology in curbing menace of SARS-CoV-2. The paper will also present different chemical route for synthesis of nanoparticles, which is being or would be used for limiting the risk of Covid 19.

Smart Saline Bottle

Rajanayaki S; Sankareeswari M; Silpa Sankar; Dr. Kalaivani V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 485-489

Most of the time, in hospitals, to improve the body's hydration, Intravenous Therapy (IV) is given. During the therapy, the bottle's liquid level needs to be monitored continuously. The bottle needs to be changed immediately, once it got empty, to prevent the blood's reverse flow through the intravenous tube. Any lack of monitoring or continuous assessment of the liquid level and the delay in refilling the bottle may cause adverse effects. To minimize the risk factor of the treatment and reduce the workload of the nurse/hospital staff, an IoT – Based Liquid Level Monitoring System has been developed. This system measures the liquid level continuously using a load cell sensor. Whenever the fluid level drops down below a threshold point, an instant alert is made to the concerned nurse/staff using Arduino. Thus this system becomes useful for nurses and patients during day time as well as night-time.

The Influence of Nurse Satisfaction and Work Stress on Turnover Intension at Mitra Medika Hospital Medan

Youlanda Sari; Ida Yustina; Sri Eka Wahyuni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 490-494

Nurses are one of the most important assets affecting the efficiency and effectiveness of a hospital. The high intention of nurse turnover in a hospital can weaken the structure of the nursing system and hinder the proper implementation of the nursing processes and procedures itself. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of job satisfaction and stress on nurses on turnover intention. Associative and explanatory were used in this study. All of the nurses who work in Mitra Medika Hospital Medan were participants with a total sample of 126 nurses obtained using cluster sampling and random sampling techniques. The results showed that there was an influence of job satisfaction on turnover intention (p=0.000) and there was an influence of work stress on turnover intention (p=0.000). A hospital is expected to be able to manage nurses as well as possible so that nurses can increase job satisfaction to reduce turnover intentions.

Vestibular Physiology and Testing Approached

Dr. Basel Samman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 495-505

Balance disturbances and Vestibular testing are among of the most encountering issues in the ENT clinic. Vertigo and balance disorders affect 30% of the general population before the age of 65 years. With the elderly it is a serious condition as fall is a major cause of death , the percentage in this age group is higher and it is estimated that 33% of aged between 65 and 75 with no history of Vestibular dysfunction encounter a significant fall annually, comparing to 40% of the people aged over 75. Early detection and intervention in these cases can improve the quality of life, as well as decrease the disability and reduce the health care costs (1). It is important for the treating Physician to establish a systemic process for taking the history of the patient, and to implement a structured ENT and Neurologic examination, in order to administer a rational treatment.


Shivam Kailash; Dr.Vanishree Pabalkar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 506-516

Accompanying the popularity of high-performance computers, the amount of scholarly study focused on organized, competitive gaming has steadily expanded. To date, user engagement analysis has primarily concentrated on in-game variables, but external influences, including game streams and game-centered communities, affect the intention to both play the game and make in-game transactions. In particular, a new medium for customer engagement is offered by the rise of professional gaming, known as esports. Many non-endemic conventional luxury companies have, however, avoided capitalizing on prospects for esports brand creation. This paper offers a literature analysis of the past and present literature on esports and sports marketing, resulting in the development of a figure representing the history of the esports endemic and non-endemic industry of esports brand use. This study examines the ability for esports to be a powerful element in recognizing both gaming intentions and spending money on games as well as brand development

Maternal and perinatal outcomes of pandemic Covid-19 in pregnancy in Basrah

Maysoon Sharief, C.A.B.O.G.; Gufran Jaafar, C.A.B.O.G.,; Alla Hussan, M. B. Ch. B., D.O.G

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 517-529

To evaluate the maternal, fetal and neonatal complications in pregnant women with Covid-19 infection. Setting and design: A prospective descriptive study was carried out in Basrah Teaching Hospital, Iraq during the period 15/3/2020 till 1/11/2020. There were 135 infected pregnant women with Covid-19. The maternal information's were obtained included Age, parity, residence, travel history, gestational age at time of diagnosis. The pregnancy measures of interest were evaluated according to the severity of the disease, medical disease, history of antepartum hemorrhage, mode of delivery, type of delivery, post-natal complication and admission to
intensive care unit and maternal death. The neonatal outcomes of interest were fetal weight, neonatal Apgar
score, admission to neonatal intensive care unit and neonatal death. Results: The mild type of the disease was common (41.48%) in comparison to severe conditions (17.77%).

Molecular Analysis of Chlamydia trachomatis in Infertile Women in Basrah

Maysoon Sharief; Mayada T. Abdulrahman; Hanadi A. Jasim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 530-539

ABSTRACTBackground Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram negative bacteria, which involve in sexually transmitted disease. This study was aimed to detect C. trachomatis by molecular methods and to evaluate Chlamydial infections in women suffering from primary and secondary infertility with special emphasis. Method 200 endocervical cytobrush were obtained from 200 infertile women having primary and secondary infertility. The work has been carried out at Basra Maternity and Child Hospital for molecular analysis of C. trachomatis . The primer CT1& CT4 w used to investigate the 144bp of MOMP of C. trachomatis in the endocervical brush samples. Results Out of 200 infertile women 96(48%) were positive for C. trachomatis by PCR. Conclusion The percentage of C.trachomatis in primary infertile women with blocked tubes was higher than women with patent tubes and also higher than C. trachomatis in secondary infertile women with both blocked and patent tubes.


Ashurov Furkat Bakhronovich; Khamroev Elmurod Ortiknazarovich; Abdurakhimov Saidakbar Abdurakhmanovich; Rakhimov Okyatbr Dustkabilovich; Ashurov Farrukh Furkatovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 540-548

Uzbekistan differs in hot climatic conditions from the Russian lands, where sunflower seeds are mainly grown. In connection with this, we studied the component compositions, the effect of moisture on the bulk density and other equally important indicators of sunflower seeds and products of its processing. It has been established that sunflower seeds cultivated in the hot climatic conditions of Uzbekistan have distinctive features in physical-mechanical and physical-chemical properties than in the Russian regions. The linear dimensions, component compositions, the effect of moisture on the bulk density of sunflower seeds have been determined. It has been established that in the hot climatic conditions of Uzbekistan, the cultivation of sunflower seeds is more efficient than in the Russian regions.

An Anthropometric Correlation Of Vertical Dimension Of Occlusion, Length Of Finger And Linear Ear Length Among Dentulous Patients-An Observational Study

Dr.Preetha Krishnamurthy; Dr.Yogitha K; Dr.N Shanmuganathan; Dr.Kapil. R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 549-557

Determination of accurate vertical dimension of occlusion is extremely important in achieving a successful prosthodontic therapy. It also aids in function, aesthetics and comfort to patients. Many techniques have been put forward for assessing the vertical dimension of occlusion but a universally accepted or a completely accurate method has never been established. The method has to be both satisfactory to the dentist and patient. Thus, a  need exists for reliable methods as deviations in such dimensions can lead to joint disorders with severe physical discomfort in the jaw and neck region. This study highlights the anthropometric method to assess if any correlation exists between the dimensions of the ear and fingers with that of the vertical dimension of occlusion in both males and females.

A Practice of Loan Sales Facility: Experience and lessons from Indonesia

Agus Suprihanto; Farida Patittingi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 558-567

Syndicated loans during the credit period often emerge the practice of loan sales or sales of loan facility. The research was aimed to analyze and formulate the practice of sales of loan facility in syndicated loans that performed by the approval of Bank agent without the knowledge of the debtor. The method of research is descriptive analytical with sampling technique using literature study and interviews. The conclusion of research in the form of primary and secondary data were conducted by using qualitative juridical analytical methods. The results of research indicates that the process of sales of loan facility from PT. Bank A to PT. Bank D can be canceled due to the rechtstitle (sale and purchase agreement) underlying a cessie agreement and not based on the applicable law. Legal consequences for PT. Bank D (new creditor) for the takeover of credit receivables by making a sale and purchase agreement for credit and cessie agreements from PT. Bank A to PT. Bank D which is done only with the approval of Bank Agent without the knowledge of the debtor and bad credit occurs, then PT.
Bank D cannot execute the object of collateral, because PT. Bank D did not register with the Land Agency and Fiduciary Registration Office, so the Mortgage and Fiduciary Rights holders were still on behalf of PT. Bank A and other creditors.


Redi Elena Vladimirovna; Tolstopyatov Igor Anatolevich; Konopleva Elena Nikolaevna; Grinko Andrey Leonidovich.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 568-573

Goal. To study the heart rate (HR) indicators in divers of different specialization in 2000, 2010, and 2020. Materials and methods. The study involved three generations of submariners (divided into groups): group A-2000, group B-2010, and group B-2020. Each group consisted of 10 boys and 10 women aged 17 to 25 years. Results. Male and female submariners of group B are characterized by higher rates of increase in resting heart rate (HR), compared to athletes of group A and B. Conclusion. The cardiovascular system is sensitive to various
influences, including strenuous physical activity, but the compensatory capabilities of the heart are not unlimited and if this is not taken into account, then you can get overexertion. In our case, it was found that the heart rate, regardless of specialization, reflects the functional level of the state of the cardiovascular system in accordance with different somatotypes.


Rakhimov R.A.; Ibadullaeva N.S.; Khikmatullaeva A.S.; Abdukadirova M.A.; Sadirova Sh. S.; Lokteva L.M.; Rakhimov R.R.; Bayjanov A.K.; Samatova I.R.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 574-581

6 months after the start of the COVID-19 epidemic in Uzbekistan, a comparative analysis of the reported incidence of COVID-19 and the level of herd immunity to SARS-CoV-2 was carried out. The registration of patients with
COVID-19 in the country was carried out on the basis of the positive results of the examination for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA, using the PCR method. To study herd immunity, the WanTai SARS-CoV-2 Ab Rapid test (China) was used to detect total antibodies (IgM and IgG) in blood. In the period from August 27, 2020 to September 11,   020, in all 14 administrative-territorial regions of Uzbekistan, blood samples of 86879 people who sought medical help at an outpatient clinic at their place of residence were tested for the presence of total antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. According to official figures, 0.14% of the population were infected with COVID-19. The proportion of the population with the presence of specific protective antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 virus was 23.1%. This proves that the actual incidence of COVID-19, on the national average, was at least 165 times higher than officially reported. An uneven territorial distribution of the level of herd immunity was revealed. All regions were conditionally divided into 3 zones: 1) regions with a high level of herd immunity ˃ 20% (8 regions), 2) regions with an average level of herd immunity ˂ 20% and ˃ 10% (3 regions), 3) regions with a low the level of herd immunity ˂ 10% (3 regions). The degree of population affected in different regions of the county did not depend on the population density in the region, its age and gender composition. It was shown that the factors that influenced the intensity of the epidemic process and the formation of the level of herd immunity were the degree of external and internal migration.

A study to assess the determinants affecting the satisfaction level of inpatients getting admitted through the Emergency department in a tertiary care hospital, Odisha

Mrs.Rashmi Ranjita Parhi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 582-591

Evaluation of Patient satisfaction level who are getting admitted through emergency department (ED) is very necessary because it affects the performance that reflects the high quality, efficiency, and sustainability.
Aim: To assess the level of satisfaction in various points among inpatients following 48 hours of their admission through the emergency department. To find out the quality indicators of patient care through emergency department care Methods: This quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted in the emergency department. The target population was who have been admitted through the emergency department. The data was collected after 48 hours of admission in to the hospital. Result: Total of 98 patients were participated in this study and shared their experiences through a standard questionnaire. Total percentage of highly satisfied patients was 60.2% (n=59) for the services given by the emergency department. Total percentages of satisfied patients were 22.4 %(n=22) and Similarly each of both highly dissatisfied and dissatisfied patients were 2, and neutrals are 13.3 %(n=13). Conclusion: Satisfaction level of patient carries the total image of the hospital. It is also a good quality indicator which enables the contact points of improvement in ED so that the hospital can provide better care and services to the patients.


Akshay Mohan; Shanthasundari K K; Ashwin George Mathew; Arthi Balasubramaniam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 592-606

To assess the predictability of grayscale values in a CBCT scan to assess the level of
maturation of midpalatal suture density using CBCT modality
Materials and Methods:
The 58 CBCT images of maxillary arch of subjects belonging to the age group 5-32 years were
evaluated to assess morphologic stages of the midpalatal suture maturation stages A to E
based on the Angeliere classification using the grayscale values. One-way ANOVA test was
used to check the variation of grayscale in different groups of mid palatal suture
classification. Pearson's correlation test was used to determine the correlation between the age
of the subjects and grayscale values. An arithmetic calculation was done to convert the
grayscale values into Hounsfield units to assess bone density according to the Misch’s
Results- Mean and standard deviation of the grayscale value corresponding to the palatal
maturation stage were assessed and its Hounsfield units (HU) were obtained by using the
mathematicalformula. There was a statistically significant difference among the stages. No
significant difference was observed between stage D and E (p-value >0.05). There was a
significant correlation between the age of the patient and the corresponding grayscale value (r
=0.599, p=0.00).
Conclusion- A statistically significant difference between the ossification stages of the mid
palatine suture and grayscale values was obtained from CBCT and can be hence used as an
alternate method for checking bone density. There is an increase in grayscale value observed
as the age of the subjects increases.

Coagulation and Fibrinolysis Profiles of Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia: Preliminary Assessment of Hypercoagulability

Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi; Imam Budiwijono; Indranila Kustarini Samsuria; Purwanto Adhipireno; Wivina Riza Devi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 607-615

Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia is an abnormality of haematological malignancy that often causes bleeding and death. Coagulation and fibrinolysis examinations are screening parameters that need to be reviewed related to the incidence of bleeding events in AML patients in a hypercoagulability assessment.This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Ulin Regional Hospital Banjarmasin on patients with a recent diagnosis of AML patients for the first time using a consecutive sampling method. The measurement of PT, aPTT, fibrinogen, and D-dimer levels were done at the Diponegoro National Hospital using Coalab-1000 tool. The analysis of the correlation between the
 ncidence of bleeding events with coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters used Fisher's exact test.The significance of the correlation test of the incidence of bleeding events with PT, aPTT, Fibrinogen, and D-dimer were 0.731; 0.086; 0.617; 0.587, and 0.731, respectively.The parameters of PT, aPTT, Fibrinogen and D-dimer were not associated with the incidence of bleeding events. The extension of PT and aPTT in most AML patients is suspected due to the deficiency of coagulation factors. Screening tests of PT, aPTT, fibrinogen and D-dimer levels should be performed in AML patients, although the results do not always show abnormalities

The Effect of the Combination of Chest Physiotherapy and Active Cycle Breathing Technique on Respiratory Rate and Ability to Expend Sputum in Chronic Exacerbation Obstructive Lung Disease Patients at Haji Adam Malik Hospital Medan

RotuaElvina Pakpahan; Amira Permatasari Tarigan; NurAsnahSitohang .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 616-623

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death in the world but is projected to be the third leading cause of death in 2020. This study aimed to examine the effect of combined chest physiotherapy and Active Cycle Breathing Technique (ACBT) on oxygen saturation and respiratory rate. The research method used was a quasiexperimental approach with pre -test and post-test control group design. The sampling technique used by the researcher was purposive sampling with 60 responde nts, divided into 30 intervention groups and 30 control groups. The results obtained were there were significant differences in the respiratory rate in the control group and the intervention group after being treated with a value of p=0.001 (p <0.05). The difference in the proportion of the ability to excrete sputum in the intervention group was 7 times more productive than the control group. It is hoped that nursing practice and nursing education will increase knowledge and skills in providing chest physiotherapy and ACBT so that they can apply these actions to patients who have sputum retention problems in the airway, especially COPD patients.


Dr. HarishAtram; Dr.Kalyani Chaudhari; Dr.DamyantiAtram .; Dr. Shantanu Kalokhe; Dr.Nandini Jaiswal; Dr.MohiniDharmadhikari .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 624-632

Intrusion is a common orthodontic tooth movement which is employed in the cases of deep
bite where anteriors are intruded for correction, or in anterior open bite where posteriors
are intruded to close the bite for correction. The article includes the biomechanics of
Intrusion in Orthodontic treatment and various methods to achieve the Intrusion tooth
movement successfully without causing any deleterious effect to the tooth. It also
containthe types of Intrusion, their indications and contraindications. Use of various fixed
appliances and their modifications to achieve intrusion mechanics is discussed and
reviewed in the article.


Kulkarni Avdhoot, Pandit V.A, Magdum Ashish, Patil Ravikant, Udgaonkar Abhijit

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 633-642

Background:  Digitalis glycosides have been in clinical use in the treatment of congestive heart failure for more than 200 years. Heart failure has a great physical, social and economic impact on patient’s life. Diabetes adds to adverse effects of heart failure.
Aim &objective: Study was aimed to assess the role of digoxin in patients with heart failure with and without type 2 diabetes and to, access the role of digoxin to reverses NYHA class of patients and number of hospitalization in a year . The outcome of patients of heart failure with and without type 2 Diabetes mellitus was also observed.
Methodology: This prospective study has undertaken 70 patients visiting to department of medicine/cardiology at a tertiary health care centre.  Patients with heart failure were studied for one year. Data collected with pre-tested questionnaire. Clinical history (specially h/o diabetes meillitus), clinical examination were examined. Patients are treated with drugs like digoxin, beta blockers, ACE inhibiters etc depending upon etiology and symptoms of the patients. Which is followed for upto 1 year and finally the outcomes was measured in terms of reversal of NYHA class, and mortality.
Results & discussion: Mean age of the patients was 62.31±3.1 years. Out of 70 patients 36 were male and 34 were female. Diabetic patients were having significantly higher mortality than non-diabetic patients with heart failure. (p<0.05). Digoxin therapy reverses the NYHA class but it is statistically not significant. (p<0.05). In diabetic patients receiving digoxin number of hospitalizations (9/12) were more than that of non-diabetic patients (8/26).
Conclusion: Diabetic patients have more adverse effects in heart failure than in non-diabetic patients.
KEYWORDS : Cardiovascular diseases, Heart failure, Digitalis, Digoxin, Diabetes.

Identification of cultivable and non-cultivable organisms causing intraarticular and bone infections using molecular diagnostic techniques

Deepali J Shetty; Dr Shalini Shenoy Mulki; Dr B N Jagannath Kamath; Dr Sevitha Bhat; Dr Archana Bhat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 643-651

Introduction: Osteomyelitis is pathologically defined as inflammation of bone and bone marrow due to infection with a microbial pathogen. Septic arthritis is pyogenic infection of the joint either due to direct extension from local tissue infection or more commonly as a result of bacteremia. Microbiological diagnosis in these cases can be made by culture on enriched media and PCR. As PCR detects bacterial DNA, it does not rely on the presence of viable bacteria in the sample for identification. The rapidity of PCR along with its higher sensitivity and specificity enables faster and more accurate diagnosis and treatment

Generalized Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in Pregnancy: Case Report

Dr. Gardenia Akhyar; Dr. IrdawatyIzrul; Dr. SherlyBirawati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 652-656

GENERALIZED DLE: Patients with generalized discoid lupus erythematosus are at a higher risk of progressing to systemic disease than those with a localized variant. Pregnancy is one of the factors that can trigger lupus erythematosus. There are only one case report published in online search that presented generalized discoid lupus erythematosus in pregnancy. We report a case of 24 year old female patient with 31-32 weeks of gestational age complained blackreddish patches accompanied by fine scales, slightly itchy and a little painful on the forehead,
cheeks, bridge of the nose, chin, ears, neck, chest, stomach, back, upper and lower extremities since ± 2 months before. ANA profile with positive result. The results of histopathologicaland dermoscopyexamination suitable with discoid lupus erythematosus. Results of the internal medicine department revealed a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. CONCLUSION:Management of DLE aims to improve general condition of patient, control the lesions, prevent of the development of further lesions; fetal growth abnormalities; preterm birth; neonatal lupus and fetal death.


Dessy Triana; Riry Ambarsarie; Utari Hartati Suryani; Nikki Aldi Massardi; Mardhatillah Sariyanti; Enny Nugraheni; Debbie Rizqoh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 657-663

The pandemic caused by Covid-19 has had a huge effect in various parts of the world. The
global situation of COVID-19 as of January 20th, 2021 were 99.864.391 cases with a death rate of 2.2%
with 183 countries infected by local transmission. The COVID-19 situation in Indonesia as of January
27th, 2021 were 1.024.298 cases with a death rate of 2.8%, occurred within 182 regions by local
transmission. Bengkulu Province is one of the areas experiencing local transmission of Covid-19 since
March 31st, 2020 and this condition continues to develop. This study aimed to determine the regional
vulnerability and temporal distribution of Covid-19 in Bengkulu. There were 956 confirmed cases of
Covid-19 within the period of July-October 2020. The overlay results between clustering analysis and
population density were gathered by using the Kernel Density Estimation method and ArcGIS software
version 10.3. The area that has a high risk of contracting the Covid-19 disease is Bengkulu City. The
use of technology-based information systems is indispensable in the digital era, including spatiotemporal
analysis, disease and health mapping, geographic dimensions which can be the basis for
decision making in an area.


Dr. Harshitha Nadimpalli; Dr. Sangeeta Umesh Nayak; Dr. Valliammai Rajendran; Dr.Swati Pralhad; Dr. Divya Kadali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 664-670

Regular tooth brushing is widely accepted as an oral hygiene measure of great importance for
the prevention of dental diseases. Unfortunately, a variety of disorders may result from oral
hygiene procedures that are improperly applied.Literature shows that horizontal brushing
method with tooth pastes was capable of tooth loss at cervical areas. The present case series
brings about the effect of psychological stress on toothbrushing behavior and its effect on the
teeth and the periodontium.Dentists play a significant role regarding the well-being of
thepatients by early detection of existing oral manifestationsand appropriate treatment of the



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 671-679

Introduction: Ultrasonographic determination of foetal size to estimate the gestational age is very important in the present day obstetric practice as a significant proportion of pregnant women are unsure of their last menstrual period. Aims & objectives: This study is an attempt to measure various parameters of the foetus for the prediction of gestational age in the IInd and IIIrd trimester of pregnancy by USG. Place and Duration of Study: FH Medical College with effect from Aug 2015- March 2017. Materials and methods: This is an observational study. Healthy pregnant ladies with a single live foetus were selected for the study. 328 cases were selected and they were examined for BPD, HC, AC, FL by a single observer on a single machine. Results: All parameters were measured in 328 pregnant females from 18 years to 35 years age for BPD, HC, AC, FL. A significant positive correlation was observed between the gestational age and all the parameters.

Use of Solar Cell for Solar Energy Conversion in Electrical

Mahesh Chandra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 680-686

It is expected that in the year 2050, all together the consumption of the energy is going to rise up to 22Gtoe every year from 10Gtoe every year which is energy consumption of the present time. Nearly 70% of this total energy is contributed by the fossil fuels that include coal and oil each of 26% and also the natural gas which contributes about 18% and the non fossil sources (equally divided between renewable and nuclear energy) contributes 30% of this total energy that is consumed every year at present. In the developing regions of the globe, the demand of the energy is growing rapidly where the basic requirement of the energy is not fulfilled satisfactorily. After the year 2010, in the developing countries the energy consumption will go beyond that of the developed world and 2/3 of total world in the year 2050. In India, the issue of the securities of energy is as same as of oil securities for the country. In India, when the geo-political implication of the increased requirement for “hydrocarbons” and the dependency of the country on its oil resources are important, the matter of the security of the energy should be kept at priority for “energy supplies,” “commercial,” and “non commercial” and it should not be stopped by just thinking about the availability of the hydrocarbon only. The requirement of our energy is increasing by 5.4 billion kW every year and the non commercial energy as “biomass,” “fuel wood,” and “animal waste” that is nearly 1/4th of the total requirement of the primary energy. There are some technologies that can be renewed are becoming viable for the commercial purposes and it is found that renewable can play a key part to provide electricity in the rural areas and if grab these opportunities the technology will be harnessed. The need of technological power covers the complete range of renewable forms of energy like “solar photovoltaic, solar thermal, solar hydro, bio-energy, ocean energy, etc.” The conservation of the energy is other crucial matter and number of ways is used for so many years for this, especially in respect of oils but it was not successful. Therefore, so as to meet up the “energy security” and the concerns of “climate change,” it is very important to address the issues like “rational energy pricing, energy efficiency, and new technology trusts.”     

Identification of Lysenin Protein Function in Coelomic Fluid Of Eudrilus Eugeniae

S. Murugan, Dr. S. Umamaheswari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 687-696

The coelomic fluid (CF) is the body fluid present in the space between the body wall and gut in the earthworms. The earthworm’s coelomic fluid contains various molecules and exhibits important biological properties such as antimicrobial substances, hemagglutination and anticoagulant agents. The coelomic fluid of earthworm possesses primary function that has the ability to destroy the membranes of foreign cells. It is a mechanism that leads to cell death by the release of cytosol and attributes coelomocytes which secretes humoral effectors into the coelomic fluid. In this work, bacterial cultures namely Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis were injected into the earthworm body cavity. Then the coelomic fluid extract from the bacteria injected earthworms were collected out. The extracted coelomic fluids were partially purified and precipitated using ammonium sulphate and analyzed to biological activities such as antibacterial activity, proteases activity and heamolytic activity. Then the active compounds present in the coelomic fluids were analysed to FTIR, HPLC and LCMS. This concludes that the microbes introduced into the earthworm body containing coelomic fluids have lysenin protein that inhibits antibacterial, protease and haemolytic activity. Hence the induction of bacterial cultures Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis into the earthworm’s body cavity leads to the secretion of lysenin protein in the coelomic fluid of earthworms. Thus the presence of proteins presence in the coelomic fluid can be used for pharmaceutical purposes.

Elder Abuse

Swati Bhusanur, Dr. G.S. Venumadhava

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 697-702

Elder abuse comprises physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, exploitation, neglect, and abandonment. Perpetrators include youngsters, different members of the family, and spouses furthermore as stat at nursing homes, aided living, and different facilities. Abuse will happen to anyone regardless of the person's age, sex, race, religion, or ethnic or cultural background. Each year, many thousands of adults over the age of sixty are abused, neglected, or financially exploited. This can be known as elder abuse. Abuse will happen in several places, as well as the older person's home, a family member's house, a power-assisted living facility, or a institution. Abuse is one among the deviant behavior, that has the intention to harm either physically, mentally, emotion and sexually. this paper, mentioned the various forms of abuses likewise elder abuse, Signs and risk factors of elder abuse and Prevention of elderly abuse.

Assessment of specific learning disabilities in school students of Chittoor district: A cross sectional study

Lakshmi K, Nagamani D, Dr. Anupama

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 703-712

A Child struggling in academic performance is of great concern nowadays. The teachers and parents may be wondering the reason for the child finding difficulties in school tasks, whereas child may become frustrated. The underachievement of a child may be any of the symptoms of cognitive, behavioral and social difficulties. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of learning disability among school children of Chittoor district. The study is a cross sectional observational study conducted in two schools comprising of two phases. In Phase I, screening of children was done by the teachers using a specially designed Child Behavioral Questionnaire (CBQ) comprising of demographic details, behavioral, attention parameters and academic scores. The students with lower scores in behavioral, attention parameters and academics were recruited for phase II study. In phase II, the students were assessed for learning disability individually by using Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES) – Renormed which consists of questionnaire for assessment of specific learning disabilities such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia, and dyscalculia. Based on the results, about 10.5% of students were found to have Specific Learning Disbility (SLD) whereas 13% of the students had learning difficulty.

Anxiety and aggressiveness in Peruvian postgraduate students in COVID-19 context

Nancy Isabel Herrera Paico; Sanchez Diaz Sebastian; Juan Méndez Vergaray; Edith Gissela Rivera Arellano; Enaidy Reynosa Navarro

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 713-726

The objective of this work was to determine the level of anxiety and aggressiveness in
graduate students from a private university in Lima; likewise, establish the level of
association between the variables under study in the COVID-19 context.
Methodology: quantitative approach, non-experimental descriptive cross-sectional
design; population made up of 378 graduate students from the César Vallejo
University (San Juan de Lurigancho, Lima-Peru Campus). Non-probabilistic sample
of 203 doctoral students from the mentioned university. The instrument used to
measure state anxiety and trait anxiety was the STAI “State-trait Anxiety inventory”
and the Buss and Perry aggressiveness questionnaire (AQ). Results: 84.7% of the
participants presented a high level of state anxiety, while 44.3% presented a trait
anxiety above the average; on the other hand, 60.6% showed a low level of
aggressiveness. The Chi-squared test showed a significant association between the
variable state anxiety and aggressiveness at a confidence level of p = 0.008 ˂ 0.05;
Likewise, the association between trait anxiety and aggressiveness showed a
confidence level of p = 0.009 ˂ 0.05. Conclusions: As a consequence of the
confinement caused by COVID-19, the levels of state anxiety and trait anxiety
increased, which is probably associated with the increase in aggressiveness in its
different variants.


Pardaev Saidkosim Narkulovich; Urunboev Paizullo Urunboevich; Juraev Ilkhom Gulomovich; Narkulov Maksudjon Saidkosimovich; Turaev Berkin Turaevich; Kaxxorov Aziz Sirozhitdinovich; Jalilov Khusan Mukhidinovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 727-732

The frequency of uncomplicated spinal fractures in the lower thoracic and lumbar
spine, according to modern statistics, ranges from 0.5 to 17.7% of the total number of injuries
of the musculoskeletal system. The lower thoracic and lumbar spine are most susceptible to
damaging effects and are prone to the development of post-traumatic deformities. The aim of
our study was to optimize the methods of conservative treatment of uncomplicated
compression fractures of the lower thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. As a material for the study,
the data of 65 patients who were treated at the Samarkand Regional Trauma Hospital for 2020
with uncomplicated stable fractures of the lower thoracic and lumbar spine were analyzed.
The method of using the device was described and shown in detail, as well as the results of our