Is maintaining sleep hygiene enough for good sleep? A socioeconomic correlation study in north India.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 3621-3629
AbstractBackground: Sleep medicine is not considered an essential service, the lack of adequate sleep can reduce immunity, and the ability to handle stress, and organ dysfunctions. Objectives: A cross-sectional exploratory study was conducted to test whether socioeconomic status moderated links between sleep indicators. Setting: Three hundred and seventy-five Households (male head of family) were included in the study and chosen randomly representing their respective wards in equal proportion. Measurements: Assessments included Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Modified Kuppuswamy’s Socioeconomic Scale (SES). Results: The study indicates SHI and ESS showed significant negative correlation with SES. This indicates poor sleep hygiene and more day time sleepiness with lower SES group. PQSI showed significant positive correlation indicating upper SES group showing poor sleep quality. Conclusions: We propose developing road map of sleep promotion program, which is a combination of sleep hygiene practice education, video-based visualization (imagery) training, and an educational session with some tips for time management in population of this part of India.
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