Learning Styles through Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic (VAK) Scale
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 7925-7932
AbstractBackground: Nursing students come from different colleges and settings when admitted to nursing colleges, they have different learning style preferences but as they progress in each levelthe preference of learning styles may change. This study enables the undergraduate nursingstudents to understand their learning style preference; this study will help undergraduate nursingstudents to get complete satisfaction of nursing education even though there have been severalresearches on studies concerning students learning style , there is no similar research conductedin nursing colleges in Pune city. More apparently, there is still need to analyze what is/arepredominant learning style so that nursing students can self-assess their learning stylepreference. Hence, the investigators were encouraged to undertake a study to determine thepreferred learning style among undergraduate nursing students.Aim: To Assess the LearningStyles through Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic (VAK) Scale.Methods: From 9/5/2019 to19/5/2019, Non-experimental survey research design was used to assess the preferred learningstyle which was carried out among 150 nursing students of Symbiosis College of nursing, peoplewho met the inclusion criteria, were recruited by non-probability convenience sampling methodtechnique. Data was collected using a structured modified questionnaire and was analyzed byusing the cronbach alpha test.Results: Non-experimental survey research design was used toassess the preferred learning style which was carried out among 150 nursing students ofSelected nursing college students, were selected by non-probability convenience samplingmethod technique. Data was collected using a structured modified questionnaire consisting ofsection I & section II; section I was about demographic data and section II was furtherdivided into 3 areas in which each section consisting of questions related to different learningstyle i.e. visual, auditory and kinesthetic. Content validity was established by 7experts.Findings showed that total 150 samples under final data collection. In that 0% samples werefrom the age of 17 to 18 years, 10% sample from the age of 18.1 to 19 years and 41.3%samples from the age of 19.1 to 20 years. 30.6% of samples from the age of 20.1 to 21. 18%samples from 21 or above were from gender male, 28.6 % sample from gender female 71.3%.The total 150 samples under final data collection In that 26.6 % samples from the B.Sc firstyear , 29.3% sample from the B.Sc second year . 27.3% samples from B.Sc third year and16.6% sample from fourth year. Therefore it suggest that samples selected by researcher wereappropriate to their study according to their characteristics such as age , gender, religion ,academic year , board , parents income and social economic status in frequency andpercentage & on assessing preferred learning style it shows the preferred learning styleamong undergraduate nursing students; in which visual is 40% , auditory is 8% , kinestheticis 27.3% , visual and auditory is 2% , auditory and kinesthetic is 6% , visual and kinestheticis 13.3% and multi-sensory learner 3.3% and association between demographic data andlearning style preference was done which showed that there is significance of religion inwhich R-value is 0.1981, and P-Value is .015096 and significance of academic year in whichR-value is 0.1894 and P-Value is .020541.Conclusion: The research concludes many students prefer visual learning style which wasassessed among nursing students of Symbiosis College of nursing, Pune. The selectedparticipants were comfortable and co-operative with the study.
Keywords: Assess, Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic, Undergraduate nursing students
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