The study of clinical profile and visual outcome of Ocular Trauma
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 3639-3646
AbstractBackground- Ocular trauma is the common form of ocular morbidity presenting at eye OPD and emergency.
Aims of the study- Aims of study is to identify the age , sex ,type of injury, object of injury, place of injury, occupation of patients, ocular findings and visual acuity in trauma cases.
Material and Methods- This was an observational study on 148 patients attended at Department of Ophthalmology, Patna Medical College Hospital Patna, from September 2017 to August 2019.
Results - Males (66.22%) carried the higher incidence compared to females (33.78%). Male to female ratio was 4.28:1. 50.68% patients were in 21-40 year age group . Close globe injury was more common (58.78%) than open globe injury (32.43%). Globe rupture (2.70%), penetrating laceration injury (19.59%), perforating injury (19.46%), and retained intraocular foreign body (0.68%) were commonly observed. Anterior segments of eye were commonly involved (93.24%) than posterior segments (6.76%). Injuries at workplace were the commonest (35.14%) followed by injuries at home or surroundings (23.65%), road traffic accidents (18.24%), assault injury (12.16%), and injuries during sports activity (10.81%). Wooden sticks (20.94%), iron particles (6.08%), stones and bricks (10.81%), balls (5.41%),and trauma by hands (5.41%)were common injuries producing agents.
Conclusions-After treatment maximum patients regained good vision - 6/6 to 6/18 in 41.89%, 6/24 to 6/60 in 26.35%.Only few patients had perception of light (12.16%) and absent Perception of light (4.05%) . Visual impairment depended upon type, extent, nature and severity of injuries.
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