Formation of Vegan,Lactose-free Protein Powder Enriched with Vitamin D & study itsSensory Properties
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 8539-8546
AbstractMalnutrition and deficiencies of nutrients in the common public is very much prevalent in India. One such vital nutrient is protein. 2 in 3 people or 73 percent population in India are hypoproteinemic, so protein should be added to the diet.In children with prolonged protein deficiencies, diseases like Kwashiorkor and Marasmus are known to develop. Pulses and legumes have been regarded as the poor man’s meat when it comes to protein. Therefore, the product prepared focuses on deriving most of its protein content from pulses, legumes, and beans. A vegan protein supplement was made in powdered form, while keeping in mind a larger consumer spectrum, therefore making it vegetarian and lactose free, as major population in India is either vegetarian or lactose intolerant[3,4]. Enrichment of Vitamin D was also done. The purpose was to create a product from commonly used items, keeping it low cost and away from the existing myths. The main ingredients used were Soybean (Glycine max), Amaranth (Amaranthus) seeds, Peas (Pisum sativum), Lentil dal (Lens culinaris), Agathi (Sesbania grandiflora) leaves, Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotusostreatu). Methods used were germination, roasting, drying, parching, blanching, dehydration, and homogenization. Organoleptic properties were studied using triangle test, 9-point hedonic test and ranking test. While nutritional evaluation was done for energy, protein, carbohydrate, fibre, fat,ash, and vitamin D content. Different statistical analysis was done by calculating mean, standard deviation. It is also a good source of energy. Sample H3c, with a sensory score of 8.6±0.48was found to be the most acceptable by the panellists. Sample H3c was found to be a rich source of energy (333.44 Kcal), protein (29.73g), calcium (191.41mg), and vitamin D (321.55µg). It can help against PEM and relieve the effects of nutritional deficiencies.
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