Clinico-demographic and dietary profile of patients diagnosed with kidney stones: prospective study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 4268-4272
AbstractAim: To evaluate the prevalence and socio-demographic status on kidney stone patients.
Methods: This prospective study which was carried in the Department of General surgery, Government medical College, and Hospital, Bettiah, Bihar, India for 10 months. The present study intends to measure the kidney stone diseases and risk factors. The randomly selected 120 symptomatic patients are involved in this study. 100 Controls are in the same area and have not previous history of abdominal pain or the symptoms of kidney stones.Details of the questionnaire included age, sex, marital status, smoking habit, food habit, family socio-economic status, educational status, residing area (urban/rural), and previous history of kidney stone and heredity of kidney stone disease.
Results: The study included 120 patients with kidney stone disease were identified in the age group of 20 to 71years. The majority of female 54.17% than men were representing 45.83% of the sample. Majority (91.66%) were 20-60 years of age. The mean ages for women were 19.33±1.43.
Conclusion: The results suggest that calcium oxalate stones are predominant in the selected study area. Kidney stone formation may be due to the food habits (diet), age, sex, obesity, genetics and environmental factors, geographical location, climate and lifestyle.
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