Prevalence Of Risk Factors For Coronory Artery Disease In Rural Population In North India A Cross Sectional Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 4, Pages 5748-5759
AbstractObjective: The objective of the study to access the prevalence of risk factors for coronary artery disease in rural population lives in north India.
Methods: This study design was community based cross sectional study, we selected 1078 residents by simple random sampling aged between 20 years to 60 years. Total no of adults satisfying inclusion criteria was approximately 3800 sampling frame was prepared, with the help of standard random number table 1078 participants were identified. A total of 980 individuals participate in the study. A questionnaire was prepared based on WHO STEP wise approach for CAD Surveillance.1 Data was collected from the participants through interview. Data regarding socio demographic variables like age, sex, address, educational status, main work status (occupation), marital status, socio-economic status were collected.
Results: The study reveals that the overall prevalence of smocking was 10.9%. The prevalence of smokeless tobacco was 37.5%. alcohol was consumed by 21.4% participants. Prevalence of hypertension was 20.2%. the diabetes was prevalent in 6.3%. the prevalence of obesity was 7.0%. hypertension present in 26.6% of subjects. Total 36% of participants was having high triglyceride level. Prevalence of high cholesterol level was 15%.
Conclusion: the study demonstrates that in rural population the prevalence of CAD risk factors was high. There is an immediate need to raise awareness to put down these risk factors so that our rural population be aware about these risk factors.
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