A study of the incidence of dermatophyte infections at MGM Hospital KMC Warangal
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 9184-9190
AbstractIntroduction: In countries like India with tropical hot and humid climates the incidence of dermatophyte infections is very common. However, the clinical presentations are varied which may lead to the application of broad-spectrum steroids and other self-medications. We in this study tried to evaluate the incidence of superficial fungal skin infection confirmed with laboratory diagnosis and their management.
Methods: The patients were taken from those visiting the Department of Dermatology, KMC, Warangal. All the suspected cases with dermatophyte infections were included. Samples were collected from skin, nails, and hairs. The specimens were processed in the Department of Microbiology with potassium hydroxide (KOH) mount for direct microscopy and culture. Identification of the organism was based on the colony characteristics, pigmentation, rate of growth, tease mount using lactophenol cotton Blue preparation, and slide cultures.
Results: n=150 cases were studied who showed signs and symptoms of superficial dermatophyte infections. In the current study the category of sample collected for laboratory diagnosis was n=91 (60.67%) were skin scrapings. N=31 (20.67%) were nail clippings and n=28 were hair stubs. The fungal isolated obtained shows T. rubrum in 30.8% of cases T. mentagrophytes in 29.3% cases, T. verrucosum in 26.2% cases, T. violaceum in 9.2% cases, T. tonsurans in 3% cases, and N. gypsium in 1.5% cases.
Conclusion: This study concludes that the commonest prevalence of dermatophytosis is in males. The third decade is the most affected age group. T. corporis is a common clinical manifestation. Trichophyton rubrum was the commonest species of dermatophyte isolated by culture.
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