Serum Renalase and its Relation to Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Patients on Hemodialysis
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 857-871
AbstractBackground: Renalase is a blood-secreted protein produced only by the kidney; its
blood level approximately 3–5 μg/ml. The Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is
defined by an augmented left ventricular mass that may be measured via
echocardiography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of the present
study was to study whether Renalase is a marker or has a potential role in
developing myocardial hypertrophy in CKD patients under hemodialysis (HD)
Patients and methods: To achieve this target, 90 patients on maintenance HD were
incorporated in the present study.
Results: The mean renalase levels were 61.7±67.5 ng/mL in HD patients. The cutoff
value of Renalase was >57.9 ng/ml with a sensitivity of 92.3% and a Specificity of
84.0%. The mean LVMI of the studied dialysis patients was 138 g/m2. The majority
of cases were severely abnormal (60%). There was a statistically significant
difference between the age groups and the LVMI among dialysis patients. The level
of Renalase was significantly increased with the moderately and severely abnormal
LVMI among dialysis patients. The present study disclosed statistically significant
relations between the duration of dialysis and Renalase, HDL, CRP, and LVMI.
There were significant relations between the serum renalase and s. creat, bl. Urea,
Ph, LVMI and dialysis vintage. Also, there were significant positive relations
between LVMI and Hb, CRP, and dialysis vintage.
Conclusion: Renalase could be a novel predictive biomarker in the assessment of
LVH, which is closely associated with the increased risk of death in HD patients.
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