Document Type : Research Article
Aim: The aim of this study to determine the epidemiology of ocular trauma in the rural population of Rohtas district of Bihar India.
Methods: A cross-sectional was conducted in the Department of ophthalmology, Narayan Medical College and Hospital, Sasaram Bihar, India from July 2018 to July 2019. 150 cases of the ocular trauma of all age group, due to various causes were included in the study. Demographic data and detailed history were recorded from each participant that includes the mode of injury and place of ocular trauma, the age at trauma and treatment for the trauma was taken from an ophthalmologist.
Results: The data was collected on ocular trauma from 1556 persons. History of ocular trauma was there in either eye of 150 (10.37%) participants in which 10 patients were having bilateral ocular involvement. The mean age at which ocular trauma sustained was 28.1±13.7 years (range 8-69 years) including 73.33% male. The association between gender and ocular trauma was statistically significant (p=0.0001). The place of ocular trauma was significantly associated with blindness (p = 0.03). In this study population, Blunt trauma (92.67%) had been the most important cause of ocular injury. 100 participants had milder trauma with vision impairment (BCVA>6/18). Blinding ocular trauma (BCVA<6/60) was found in 50 persons (3.21% of the total studied population).
Conclusion: The epidemiology of ocular trauma among the rural population of Bihar India, revealing ocular trauma is one of the major causes of blindness and visual impairment affecting mainly the young adults.