Stress, Anxiety & Depression In Resident Doctors – A Myth or Concern?
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1358-1363
AbstractIntroduction: Mental wellness is an important aspect of global health of an individual. Mental health issues not only impact personal and family life of individual but also have a significant impact on work performance. Medical Teaching and training is reported to be challenging and is stressful. Due to their nature of work, mental health of doctors is important not only for their personal front but is a concern for society to which they serve. This study was designed to find the level of stress, anxiety and depression in resident doctors and to find out the correlation between stress-depression as well as stress-anxiety.
Aims & Objective-1) To examine the level of stress, anxiety and depression among resident doctors of a medical college and teaching hospital. 2) To examine the relationship between anxiety and depression as well as stress and depression among resident doctors.
Material & Methods: For this purpose; residents who were pursuing their MD/MS courses in the institute were included in the study. Total number of subjects were fifty. DAS Scale was used for initial screening followed by application of Perceived Stress scale, HAM-A scale and HAM-D scales. The preset questionnaire was filled by resident doctors themselves and data was presented as mean, standard deviation, percentage and correlation was analyzed by using Pearson’s Product moment correlation and partial correlation test. DAS scale screening results showed depression in 68%, anxiety in 70% and stress in 32% candidates. Final results after application of PSS scale, HAM-A & HAM-D scale revealed stress in 78% residents (low stress-26%, moderate stress-40% and high stress-6%), anxiety in 70% residents (mild -62%, mild to moderate- 4% and moderate to severe in 4%) and depression in 24% residents (mild -20%, moderate-0%, severe-2% and very severe 2%) respectively. Correlation testing found positive however insignificant correlation between anxiety-depression and stress-depression.
Conclusion: This study revealed significant level of stress, anxiety and depression in resident doctors. Considering the impact of issue, preventive and modulating measures can be considered to help resident doctors in dealing with their job expectations and responsibilities.
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