Effect of chronic disease diabetes and hypertensive on prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 1556-1559
AbstractBackground:Hearing is an essential part of how we communicate with others and become
aware of sounds that happen in our immediate environment. The present study was
conducted to assess sensorineural hearing loss in diabetes and hypertensive patients.
Materials & Methods: 120 subjects of both genders were divided into 3 groups. Group I
had diabetics, group II had hypertensive and group II had control subjects. General ear
examination was done using otoscopy. Hearing function, degree, form, and configuration
of any hearing loss, were determined through a general ear examination and Pure Tone
Results: Group I had 22 males and 18 females, group II had 16 males and 24 females and
group III had 15 males and 25 females. Normal hearing loss was observed in 25% in group
I, 26% in group II and 85% in group III, mild hearing loss was observed in 75% in group
I, 50% in group II and 15% in group III and moderate hearing loss was observed in 24%
in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There was more hearing loss in diabetics and hypertensive subjects as
compared to healthy individuals.
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