A CLINICAL STUDY ON MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE FIRSTCERVICAL VERTEBRA
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 584-601
AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Various decompressive and stabilising methods such atlas and axis vertebra (C1 and C2) transarticular screw fixation and posterior screw placement on the lateral mass are used in CVJ surgery. These operations usually target the C1, which is part of the CVJ's bony architecture.Thus, complete understanding of atlas vertebra anatomy is required for surgical planning and fracture analysis. The dimensions of the vertebral artery groove are rare in Indian literature, and even rarer in South Indian literature. This project will gather and give atlas anatomical data that may be useful for surgical planning and assessing C1 fractures.The current study sought to make the following findings:1. Examine and measure atlas vertebra specimens for morphological criteria.2. To offer anatomic data for surgical planning of the CVJ. METHODOLOGY : During 18 months, 120 human dry adult complete atlas vertebrae were gathered from the Department of Anatomy, Kakatiya Medical College.R ESULTS: The mean transverse diameter of the spinal canal was 27.012 mm, and the mean anteroposterior diameter of the vertebral canal was 26.17 mm.In the vertebral artery groove, the midline to lateral most point distance was 23.78 mm on the right and 23.87 mm on the left, while the midline to medial most point distance was 12.98 mm on both sides.The morphology revealed 4 SAF kinds. Oval (45%) and bi-lobed (26%) aspects (13.33 percent right and 7 percent ).ANALYSIS AND SUMMARY :The current research adds to the existing knowledge of atlas vertebra anatomy. Understanding the normal structure of the atlas vertebra is critical for diagnosis and treatment.
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