Pediatric ocular trauma and its outcomes:Rajasthan,India.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 637-642
AbstractAim:To identify the trend of ocular trauma in pediatric age-group and evaluate final visual
Materials and Methods: Prospective interventional study at Government medical College,
Bharatpur from November 2019 toOctober 2020,patients up to age 16 years attended the
casualty department of eye and undergone intervention with follow-up period of 1to3months
or till better recovery.
Results: Total 118 eyes of 115 patients were enrolled. The age-group more affected was
above 5 years (67.80%, i.e.,80 eyes)and below 5years (32.20%, i.e.,38eyes). Boys (62.71%)
were affected more than girls (37.29%). Most of the children reported to casualty within
24hours(80.50%eyes),remaining patients reported later within 2days to 1 week (19.50%eyes).
Most of the ocular injuries occurred by household objects (22.3%), blunt objects(13.56%),
playground/sports (13.56%),accidental fall(11.02%), projectile(7.63%)and others. Best
corrected visual acuity(VA)of more than 6/18 achieved in 61.02%eyes, 6/18-6/60
in18.64%eyes,<6/60-counting finger close face(CFCF)in5.93%eyes, projection of
light(PL)+perception of rays(PR)in5.93%eyes,and noPLin8.47%eyes.
Conclusion: Pediatric ocular trauma is still higher in Rajasthan. It requires early presentation
and intervention so that prognosis can be enhanced and impact of trauma can be reduced as
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