Role of brain imaging using CT/MRI in diagnosis and management of stroke
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 1073-1077
AbstractIntroduction: Prevalence of morbidity and mortality is keep rising in poorly managed stroke
cases. Early detection and proper diagnosis have great potential in management of stroke. The
development of brain imaging modalities (CT/MRI) have led to a milestone that provides a
living autopsy of the brain.
Objective: The goal of this prospective study is to determine the clinical efficacy of CT/MRI
and its benefits over traditional techniques of clinical diagnosis in stroke patients.
Methods: 50 patients in whom clinical signs of stroke i.e., slurring of speech, weakness on
one side of the body, deviation of angle of mouth, and neurological deficits observed were
recruited in the study. CT/MRI was used to diagnosed the stroke.
Results:The NCCT finding have revealed Diffused cerebral atrophy in 14 (28%) patients,
Chronic Infarct in 11 (22%) patients, Subacute Infarct in 7 (14%) patients, Acute Infarct in 6
(12%) patients and Encephalomalacia in 2 (4%) patients whereas 10 (20%) patients
underwent MRI brain.The MRI brain finding have revealed Diffused cerebral atrophy in 6
(6%) patients, Chronic Infarct in 1 (2%) patient, Subacute Infarct in 4 (8%) patients, Acute
Infarct in 3 (6%) patients and Encephalomalacia in 2 (4%) patients whereas 37 (74%) patients
underwent NCCT head.
Conclusion: In both NCCT head and MRI brain finding have revealed diffuse cerebral
atrophy as the most common finding among recruited patients followed by the chronic infarct
(22%), subacute infarct (14%), acute infarct (12%) and encephalomalacia (4%).
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