Craniofacial anthropometric study of normal newborns in a tertiary care hospital of Solan
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 351-363
AbstractFacial anthropometry is very important for the study of human growth and variation in different races
and also for clinical diagnosis and treatment. A study was conducted in the Department of Paediatrics,
Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College and Hospital, Kumarhatti, Solan to make a database of
various anthropometric measurements, especially craniofacial anthropometry of normal full term
newborns born in the hospital.
Objective: To measure craniofacial anthropometric parameters of normal full term newborns, make a
database and to statistically analyze the correlation (comparison) between male and female neonates with
respect to the above-mentioned parameters.
Material & Methods: Study was conducted from the month of February 2020 to October 2020 on 453
newborns. All the facial parameters were measured with the help of vernier caliper and were taken twice
and final value was taken as the average value of the two measurements.
Statistics: Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon Rank Sum tests were used to compare 2 groups.
Findings: The mean value and range for all the parameters was determined. A statistically significant
difference in Face Width (p<0.038), weight (p<0.019), Foot Length (p<0.030), Crown Heel Length
(p<0.049) and Nasal Width (p<0.046) between male and female newborns was seen.
Conclusion: The local values have been derived from well-defined populations to make and expand the
normative database of various craniofacial anthropometric parameters. Pediatricians can be benefitted by
this study for screening and diagnosis of various craniofacial abnormalities as a part of complex genetic
disorders and for craniofacial surgeries.
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