A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY OF ANEMIA IN THE THIRD TRIMESTEROF PREGNANT WOMEN IN GOVT GENERAL HOSPITAL & COLLEGE, NIZAMABAD
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 465-471
AbstractBackground: In pregnancy, anemia is a common disorder and is associatedwith an increased risk ofmaternal, fetal, and neonatalmorbidity and mortality. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of anemia among III Trimester pregnant women attending OBG department, Government medical college &general hospital, Nizamabad.
Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted on 392 III Trimester pregnant women attending antenatal care at Governmentmedicalcollege&general hospital, Nizamabad from October 2020 to March 2021. Data on socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants were collected using a questionnaire and medical records. The haemoglobin was measured using an automated cell counter method and those with hemoglobin level less than 11 g/dl were considered as anaemic.
Results: The overall prevalence of anemiain our study was found to be 192 (48.9%).The age of the patients ranged from 18 to 35 years. out of all anaemic pregnant women about 100 were mildly anemic, 82 were moderate anaemic &10 were severe anaemic. Iron folic acid supplementation, antenatal care visit were significantly associated with the prevalence of anemia.
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of anemiain III trimester pregnant woman attending tertiary care hospital in Nizamabad.Iron supplementation and health education to create awareness about the importance of antenatal care are recommended to reduce anemia.
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