Document Type : Research Article
Traditional treatment with closed reduction and application of plaster slab or cast is
inappropriate in the case of displaced supracondylar fractures of humerus as this method may
potentially lead to malunion & subsequent elbow deformity, as it is difficult to obtain
satisfactory reduction and to maintain the reduction due to distraction forces acting at the
elbow. Our study involved 40 children who had sustained displaced supracondylar fractures
(Gartland-Type III) who were treated in the Department of Orthopaedic at a Tertiary care
trauma center, between November 2018 to May 2020. 55% of our cases were in the age group
5-10 years, 60% were male & 40% female.
80% (n=32) of the cases had history of fall on outstretched hand, followed by 3% with fall on
flexed hand which is in concordance with the most common mode of injury established by
many studies. 70% of the cases had fracture of left supracondylar humerus as compared to
30% on the right side. 30 out 40 cases had postero-medial displacement of distal fragment &
remaining 10 cases had postero-lateral displacement.