Study of stroke in young adults: Special emphasis on risk factors
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1530-1535
AbstractINTRODUCTION:- Stroke is the most common life threatening or disabling neurological condition in older population. Although it is not infrequent in young adult. Stroke in young adults poses a major socioeconomic health problem especially in developing countries. The traditional risk factors like hypertension, diabetes are associated with stroke in both young and elderly. In recent years, there has been increasing economic and demographic development in developing countries resulting in a shift from diseases caused by poverty towards chronic, non-communicable, lifestyle related diseases, this happening in the younger age group adds to the social and economic burden, and as such these patients merit special attention in diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive care.
Material and Methods:- This was an observational study conducted in Department of Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital, associated with Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa during the period between April 2018 to June 2019.
RESULTS:- Males were more affected than females and most common clinical presentation was hemiparesis. Hypertension was significantly associated with hemorrhagic stroke in young adults. CONCLUSION:- Stroke in young adults can lead to huge socioeconomic burden on society, as in our study we found hypertension was significant risk factor for hemorrhagic stroke. So by preventing these modifiable risk factors at various levels of prevention, we can decrease the incidence of stroke in young adults.
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