A Prospective Study to Assessment of Profile of Trauma Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2240-2244
AbstractBackground: Trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. The usual causes are road traffic accidents, fall from height, assaults, occupational injuries. The present study was conducted to assess profile of trauma patients in a tertiary care centre.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a prospective study of trauma patients carried over a period of 3 months.Details of history and physical examination findings of all patients were recorded. Triage priority level was noted. as follows: All patients had routine blood investigations and relevant radiological tests. In‑hospital outcome of all the admitted patients was noted. The recorded data was compiled, and data analysis was done.
Results: In the present study total trauma cases were 1800 in which 68.81% were males and 31.38% were females. Maximum trauma cases were in the age group 31-40yrs followed by18-30 yrs. Maximum injuries were of triage priority level 2 (57.33%). In two-wheeler, four-wheeler, auto, other vehicle accidents triage priority level 2 was in maximum patients. Two-wheeler accidents were followed by pedestrian injuries. Other modes of injury included fall on level ground, fall from height, assault had maximum injuries of triage priority level 2. In workplace injuries, sports injuries maximum injuries of triage priority level 3 and in others type of injury maximum injuries of Triage priority level 1. In head, face, thorax, spine, vascular, extremity maximum injuries were of triage priority level 2. In Neck, dorsum maximum injuries were of triage level 3. In abdomen maximum injuries were of triage priority level 1.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that road traffic accidents and falls were the major cause of trauma and the maximum injuries were of triage level 2.
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