An Observational Study of the Effect of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy on Liver Function Test
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2308-2314
AbstractBackground: Cholecystectomy is a common treatment of symptomatic gallstones and other gallbladder conditions. As it gained worldwide popularity, it has become one of the most common operations performed in general surgical practice. In this study we aimed to investigate to determine changes in liver function tests after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Material & Methods: A prospective observational study done on 100 patients who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were taken up for the study in the department of General surgery at JLN medical college and hospital, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India during period between January 2020 to December 2021. All patients who gave consent for the study underwent a standard clinical and laboratory evaluation including USG. Pre-operative investigations included liver function tests i.e. prothrombin time, bilirubin (total and direct), alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, total proteins, serum albumin, GGT, and LDH. The subjects under inclusion criteria have taken up for the study. The liver function tests have repeated 24 hours, 3rd day, 7th days, 10th days after the operation and compared.
Result: The mean age of the study population was 43.3 years with a standard deviation of 13.35 yrs. A negative t-STAT shows that the value of serum total protein, serum albumin was falling after the laparoscopic procedure. A statistically significant increase in the bilirubin(total and direct), SGOT, SGPT, GGT, LDH, and serum alkaline phosphatase levels were noted after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and no statistical significance in prothrombin time.
Conclusion: We concluded that statistically significant increase in the bilirubin (total and direct), SGOT, SGPT, GGT, LDH, and serum alkaline phosphatase levels after Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There was a decrease in total protein and albumin and no change for prothrombin time. However, further studies with larger sample sizes and multi-center trials would yield more definite results, along with meta-analyses. We strongly suggest the consideration of confounding factors such ascomorbidities, duration of surgery, CO2 pressure, utilized anesthetic agents, and also longer period follow-ups.
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