To study the Knowledge, Social Attitudes Among Medical Students, Hospital Workers and Institutional Practice Regarding Tobacco Control
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2508-2520
AbstractBackground: Tobacco use is the most important avoidable cause of early decease and disease global, tobacco in any form kills and sickens millions of people every year. Anti-tobacco law in India namely Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) happens since year 2003 and intentions at shielding all the people in our country for tobacco product, but smoking is still prevalent among publics.
Objective: To assess the knowledge about tobacco control law among various groups of people in medical college and hospitals. To assess the attitude about tobacco control law among various groups of people in medical college and hospitals. To assess the knowledge about institution Policies and practices about tobacco control law.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 381 participants during January 2022 to March 2022. The study population includes institutional personnel.
Results: Total 381participants with mean age 23.5 years were enrolled. 214 (56.2%) study population have good knowledge of COTPA law whereas 298 (78.2%) have favorable attitude towards COTPA Law and 213 (56%) of study participants have good knowledge on Institutional policy and practice. Among study subjects, 81 (21.2%) were current smoker or ex-smoker and 49 (12.9%) consuming tobacco in one and or the other form. 32 (39.5%) Out of these 81 smokers were also consuming tobacco. Level of attitude; -In the present study, people who do not use tobacco had a significantly higher positive attitude toward COTPA as compared with their counterparts.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of our study that there was lack of knowledge about Anti-smoking legislation among the study participant and there was high knowledge about deleterious multi-dimensional effects of smoking among students, medical and paramedical staff and a high support for implementation of COTPA.
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