A Study on the Effect of Fibular Fixation on Malalignment of Fractures of Lower third of both Bones of the Leg Treated by Interlocking Nailing of the Tibia
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2521-2528
AbstractBackground: In the treatment of fractures of the distal third of the tibia and fibula treated by interlocking nailing of the tibia, the role of fixing the fibular fracture is not clearly defined. This study was undertaken to assess the benefits of fixation of the fibula clinically, radiographically and functionally in fractures of the lower third of the leg.
Methods: In this retrospective study thirty patients with fractures of the lower third of the leg were selected . The patients were divided in to two groups based on whether fibula was fixed or not, the fracture tibia being treated with interlocking intramedullary nailing in all the cases. In the follow up data of the the two groups were compared for radiological differences in the angulation at the fracture site, clinical and functional outcome at the end of six months, time of union and complications.
Results: The demographics of the two groups were similar with respect to age, sex, side of fracture, fracture classification and nature of the injury. The average valgus angulation was significantly less in the group where fibula was fixed . The outcome of the two groups for clinical outcome , measured at six months follow up, time of union and complications showed no significant differences.
Conclusions: Fixation of the fibula decreases the malalignment of the tibia in distal third fractures of the tibia and fibula treated with interlocking nailing of the tibia.
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