Socio-demographic profile and risk factors of non-communicable diseases in Warangal, Telangana: Epidemiological study using WHO stepwise approach
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1168-1178
AbstractBackground: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition of non-infectious and non-transmissible nature. NCDs may be chronic diseases of long duration and slow progression. This study was carried out to assess the socio-demographic profile and risk factors of non-communicable diseases using WHO stepwise approach among adults.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 400 adults during the period from 1st September 2015 to 31st August 2016. Study tools included a WHO stepwise approach questionnaire, Sphygmomanometer, weighing scale, non-stretchable tape and stethoscope. The data was entered and tabulated in MS-Excel 2007 and statistical analysis was performed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 22.0) and p<0.05 is considered as statistical significance.
Results: Majority belonged to 50-59 years, of which 280 (70%) were illiterates. About 319(79.8%) were married, most of them resided in nuclear families with 350 (87.5%).Many were engaged in unskilled labor mainly agricultural activities with 196(49%) and unemployment 113(28.3%). Majority was from upper lower class, followed by lower class.
Conclusion: Proportion of tobacco smoking among the study participants was 123(30.8%) in which 118(29.5%) were males and the association between smoking and gender was statistically significant. Alcohol use (59.5%) which was high among the rural population of Wardhanapet, in which males consume more amount of alcohol than females and these difference present at significant levels. Overall physical activity is high among the study participants as heavy workers were found to be (28.8%) and these differences with gender were present at significant level.
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