The associated risk factors and the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer - A cross sectional study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2824-2830
AbstractBackground: Diabetes Mellitus is a worldwide epidemic, affecting over 346 million people globally, with India ranking second with 65.1 million diabetic patients. Foot ulceration is the most common consequence of diabetes mellitus.It affects about 15% of diabetic individuals over the course of their lives and is quite frequent.To a considerable extent, it is preventable if the risk factors are identified early. The aim of present study is to evaluate the association of risk factorswith diabetic foot ulcer and to estimate prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU).
Material and Methods: A systematic random sample of 500 diabetic patients was selected from patients attending the outpatient department of General Surgery, National Capital Region Institute of Medical Sciences, Meerut. A standardized form was used to record data obtained from reviewing the medical records, interviewing, and examining the patients.
Results:The sample had a male-to-female ratio of 48 percent. The average age of the participants was 55 years, and they had diabetes for an average of 8.9 years. The prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers was 4.8%, sensory neuropathy was 15.3%, lower limb ischemia was 8.2%,and amputation was 2%. Ulceration was linked to male gender, neuropathy, and having diabetes for a longer period of time.
Conclusion:Future efforts should focus on educating both healthcare professionals and patients about proper foot care. To ascertain the true prevalence of diabetic foot problems, community-based research is also required.
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