In a tertiary care centre, the study examined breast cancer risk factors, clinical presentation, and treatment
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 3194-3198
AbstractBackground: The most frequent type of cancer among women is breast cancer. In terms of total cancers, it is ranked second. Many risk factors are linked to it. Breast cancer can manifest itself in a variety of ways, ranging from invasive carcinoma to non-invasive carcinoma.
Aim and objective: To explore the risk factors, clinical presentation, and management of breast cancer, 100 patients with diagnosed breast cancer were evaluated in a tertiary care centre. Data was gathered using a pre-tested questionnaire. Demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, risk factors, and breast cancer management were all collected. Data was evaluated using statistical tests.
Results and discussion: All of the patients had a lump in their breast (100 percent). A lump with pain was detected in 21% of the patients. The most prevalent histopathological type was infiltrating duct carcinoma (97 percent). The majority of the patients (56 percent) were in stage II, followed by stage I. (23 percent). The patient's average age was 52.21±4.6 years. Menarche occurred at an average age of 13.86±1.8 years. The average age of menopause was 46.3±4.31. The average number of months spent breastfeeding was 36.41±5.62. A modified radical mastectomy was provided to 51% of patients, while total mastectomy was offered to 23%.
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