A clinical study of post-operative analgesia with intravenous paracetamol versus dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1431-1435
AbstractPain management, stable hemodynamics and early post-operative recovery are the new challenges in ambulatory surgeries. The literature rates post-operative pain in laproscopic cholecystectomy as mild to severe pain. Our objective is to assess the post-operative analgesia with intravenous paracetamol versus dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing laproscopic cholecystectomy.
Methods: After ethical committee clearance, 60 patients were randomly allocated into two groups after informed consent. Patients between 18-50 years, ASA 1or 2 were included and those on opioids, any anti-inflammatory drugs, and hypersensitivity to study drugs were excluded. Group D received intravenous dexmedetomidine 1μg/kg as bolus over 10 min followed by dexmedetomidine infusion at 0.25ml/kg/h (0.25ml = 0.5μg). Group P received 1 g intravenous paracetamol in 100ml solution of normal saline over 10 min followed by infusion of 0.25ml/kg/h of normal saline.
Results: Demographic parameters were comparable between the groups. Time for first rescue analgesia, and total doses of analgesia in 24 h in group D was 225.33±29.12 and 2.73±0.64 and in group P was 143.33±28.96 and 4.23±0.77 respectively with p value 0.001 which was statistically significant.
Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine loading dose 1μg/kg and maintenance dose 0.5μg/kg is a good anesthetic adjuvant for general anesthesia to reduce post-operative requirement of analgesia in laparoscopic surgeries.
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